ENGLISH WORDS AND GREEK COGNATES.

Learn easily Greek via the linguistic relationships and the roots of the English words.

Posts Tagged ‘Learn Greek for free’

Etymology of carrot

Posted by Johannes on 16 April 2012

The word carrot comes from the old French carrotte, from the Latin carota, which is a transliteration of the Greek caroton (carrot; Gr: καρώτον).

.

In modern Greek:

a) caroto: carrot [Gr: καρώτο]

___

From the same root: carotene, carotenoids

 

OED

—————— Post 209 ——————–

 

Posted in C | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Etymology of cheap

Posted by Johannes on 29 January 2011

Origin of the word cheap
The word cheap comes from the old English ceap (n.; traffic, bargain, a purchase) from the Germanic ceapian (v.; trade) from the Latin caupo (gen. cauponis; petty tradesman, huckster), which is related to the Greek capilos (synonym to caupo; vintner, huckster, petty tradesman; Gr: κάπηλος]

.


 .

In modern Greek:
a) capilos: huckster, monger [Gr: κάπηλος]
b) capilio: wineshop, pothouse [Gr: καπηλειό]
c) capilia: exploitation, trading (on sth) [Gr: καπηλεία]

WKN

OED

___________________________ Post 164. ___________________________________

 

Posted in C | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment »

Etymology of air

Posted by Johannes on 24 October 2010

_____________________________________________________________

Origin of air.
The word air derives from the French air from the Latin aerem (nom. aer), which is merely a transliteration of the Gree aer (gen. aeros) “air” [αήρ].
.

.

From the same root:
air- (airbase, airborne, airconditioning, aircraft, air force, airline, airport etc);
aero- (aerobic, aerodrome, aerodynamics, aerology, aeroplane, aerosol, aerospace etc);
aerate, aeration, aerial, aerification, aerify, airing etc.
.

.

In modern Greek:
a) aeras: air [αέρας]
b) aerodromio:
aerodrome, airport [αεροδρόμιο]
c) aeroplano: aeroplane [αεροπλάνο]
d) aerismos:
airing [αερισμός]
d) aeroscafos:
aircraft [αεροσκάφος]

OED

________________________________ Post 149. ____________

Posted in A | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Etymology of cup

Posted by Johannes on 24 May 2010

Origin of cup
Cup comes from the Latin cupa/cuppa (hollow, cup), which is related to the Greek cype (hollow, cup; κύπη).
.
.
From the same root:
English: cupel
French: coupe, cuve, cuvette
Italian: coppa, coppella
Spanish: copa, cuba, copela
German: Kupe
.
.
In modern Greek:
.
a) cypello: cup [κύπελλο]
.
b) cupa: cup [κούπα]
_
.
Η λέξη cup (κύπελλο) προέρχεται από το Λατινικό cupa/cuppa (κοιλότητα, κύπελλο), το οποίο σχετίζεται με το Ελληνικό κύπη (κοιλότητα, γούβα, κύπελλο).
___________________________________ Post 142. ________________

 

Posted in C, Uncategorized | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Etymology of pants, pantaloons

Posted by Johannes on 24 May 2010

Origin of pants, pantaloons
Pants is a shortened form of pantaloons. Pantaloons (kind of tights, trousers) derives from the French pantalon from the name of Pantaleone a hero of comedia dell’arte (16th century), who used to wear such trousers. The name Pantaleon is Greek and means “always a lion, in all things like a lion” [Panta- (always, all things) + –leon (lion)].
.
.
Saint Pantaleon (the name later changed to Panteleimon – always mercyful, all-mercuful-) was martyred under the reign of Emperor Maximian (ca. 305 A.D.). He was a physician, and he dedicated his life to the suffering, the sick, the unfortunate and the needy. He treated all those who turned to him without charge, healing them in the name of Jesus Christ. More: here.
.
.

Saint Panteleimon

.

From the same root:

French: pantalon

Italian: pantalone

Spanish: pantalon

Turkish: pantolon

.

.

In modern Greek:

a) pantaloni: pantaloon (loan word from It. pantalone) [πανταλόνι]

.

b) panta: all, always [πάντα]. See the same pan- (all) in many words such as: pandemic, pandemonium, panacea, panegyric, panoply, panorama, pantheon, pantomime etc.

.

c) eleimon: mercyful [ελεήμων]

.

d) eleos: mercy [έλεος]

.

OED

Η λέξη pant αποτελεί συντόμευση του pantaloon (πανταλόνι). Προέρχεται από το Γαλλικό pantalon από το όνομα Πανταλέων (Pantaleone) ενός χαρακτήρα της comedia dell’arte (16ος αιώνας), ο οποίος στα έργα φορούσε τέτοια πανταλόνια.

.

________________________________ Post 141. __________________________

Posted in P | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Etymology of lion

Posted by Johannes on 24 May 2010

Origin of lion
The word lion comes from the old French lion from the Latin leo (lion), which is a trasliteration of the Greek leon (gen. leontos; lion; λέων).
.
.
From the same root:
English: lioncel, lioness, lion-hearted
French: lion
Italian: leone, leonessa
Spanish: leon
German: Löwe
.
.
 
In modern Greek:
a) liontari: lion [λιοντάρι]
b) leena: lioness [λέαινα]
_
.
Η λέξη lion (λιοντάρι) προέρχεται από το Λατινικό leo (λιοντάρι), το οποίο αποτελεί μεταγραφή του Ελληνικού λέων.
.
_____________________________________ Post 140. _________________
.

__________________________________________________________
tags within the post: etymology of lion, etymology of lion-hearted, etymology of lioncel, etymology of lioness, origin of english words, origin of lion, etymologia de leone, etymologia de leonessa, etymologie de lion, προέλευση αγγλικών λέξεων, ετυμολογία αγγλικών λέξεων, Ελληνική γλώσσα, etymologia, etymologie, learn Greek online, learn easily Greek using cognates, learn Greek for free, etymology, etymologie, etymologia, origin of Latin words, etymology of English, loan words in English, origin of English, English words from Greek, Latin words from Greek, Greek language, ετυμολογία, ετυμολογία Λατινικών, ετυμολογία αγγλικών λέξεων, προέλευση αγγλικών λέξεων, προέλευση Λατινικών, ελληνικές λέξεις στα Αγγλικά, αντιδάνεια, French words from Greek, English words from Greek, Spanish words from Greek, German words from Greek, Italian words from Greek, loanwords, etymology of French words, etymology of English words, etymology of Spanish words, etymology of German words, etymology of Italian words, cognates, learn Greek fast, learn modern Greek, origin of lion, origin of lioncel, origin of lioness, origine de leone, origine de leonessa, origine de lion, origin of Löwe, origin of Latin, origin of English words, learn Greek

Posted in L, Uncategorized | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Etymology of mill

Posted by Johannes on 28 March 2010

Origin of mill
The word mill comes from the Latin mola (mill, millstone), which is is related to the Greek myle (mill, millstone; μύλη).
.
.

From the same root
English:
millstone, miller
French: meule, molette, meunier
Italian: mola, mugnaio
Spanish: muela, moleta, molinero
German: Muhlstein, Muller
.
.

In modern Greek:
a) milos:
mill [μύλος]
b) milopetra:
millstone [milo (mill)+ petra (stone); μυλόπετρα]
c) milonas: miller [μυλωνάς]
___
OED

 

Η λέξη mill (μύλος) προέρχεται από το Λατινικό mola (μύλος), το οποίο σχετίζεται με το Ελληνικό μύλη.
_
meule (μύλος), molette (τροχίσκος), meunier (μυλωνάς)
.

______________________________________ Post 138. ________________________
_

_

____________________________________________________

tags within the post: etymology of mill, etymology of millstone, etymology of miller, etymologia de mola, etymologia de mugnaio, etymologie de meule, etymologie de molette, etymologie de meunier, προέλευση αγγλικών λέξεων, Ελληνική γλώσσα, etymologia, etymologie, learn Greek online, learn easily Greek using cognates, learn Greek for free, etymology, etymologie, etymologia, origin of Latin words, etymology of English, loan words in English, origin of English, origin of English words, English words from Greek, Latin words from Greek, Greek language, ετυμολογία, ετυμολογία Λατινικών, ετυμολογία αγγλικών λέξεων, προέλευση αγγλικών λέξεων, προέλευση Λατινικών, ελληνικές λέξεις στα Αγγλικά, αντιδάνεια, French words from Greek, English words from Greek, Spanish words from Greek, German words from Greek, Italian words from Greek, loanwords, etymology of French words, etymology of English words, etymology of Spanish words, etymology of German words, etymology of Italian words, cognates, learn Greek fast, learn modern Greek,origin of mill, origin of millstone, origin of miller, origine de mola, origine de mugnaio, origine de meule, origine de molette, origine de meunier, origin of Latin, origin of English words, learn Greek

Posted in M | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Etymology of devil

Posted by Johannes on 28 March 2010

Origin of devil

The word devil comes from the Latin diabolus (devil), which is a transliteration of the Greek diabolos (devil; diavolos; διάβολος) from the verb diaballo (to insinuate things (against sb), put sb in a bad light, slander, calumniate; from dia- “across, through” + ballo “to throw”; diavallo; διαβάλλω).
.
.
From the same root
English: diabolic, diablerie, ballistic
French: diable, diabolique, diablerie
Italian: diavolo, dabolico, diavoleria
Spanish: diablo, dabolico, diablura
.
.
In modern Greek:
a) diavolos: devil [διάβολος]
b) diavallo: to insinuate things (against sb), put sb in a bad light, slander, calumniate [διαβάλλω]
c) diavoli: calumny, false accusation [διαβολή]
d) diavolicos: diabolic [διαβολικός]
e) vallo: attack, hit out [βάλλω]
f) vallisticos: ballistic [βαλλιστικός]
g) voli: throw, shot [βολή]
.
.

Η λέξη devil προέρχεται από το ελληνικό διάβολος.

.OED

________________________ Post 137. ___________________

.

__________________________________________________

tags within the post: etymology of devil, etymology of diabolic, etymology of diablerie, etymology of ballistic, origin of devil, origin of diabolic, origin of diablerie, origin of ballistic, learn Greek, etymologia de diavolo, etymologie de diable, ετυμολογία, προέλευση αγγλικών λέξεων, προέλευση λατινικών, ετυμολογία του διαβόλου, μαθαίνω ελληνι΄κά, learn Greek online, learn easily Greek, learn Greek for free, etymologia, ετυμολογία

Posted in D | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Etymology of oval, ovary

Posted by Johannes on 1 March 2010

Origin of oval, ovary

The word oval comes from the Latin ovalis (egg-shaped, literally of or pertaining to an egg) from ovum (egg), which is related to the Greek Aeolic form oFon (egg; ωFόν) of oon (egg; ωόν ).
.
.
.
In modern Greek:

a) ootheque: ovary (oo-theque: lit. collection/library of eggs) [ωοθήκη]

b) oario: ovum [ωάριο]

c) ooides: ovoid, egg-shaped, oval [ωοειδές]
{Gr. ooides –> L. ovoides –> En. ovoid}

.
OED
.
From the same root:
ova, ovarian, ovate, ovoid, ovule, ovum
.
___
Η λέξη oval προέρχεται από το λατινικό ovalis (ωοειδής), από το ovum (αβγό), το οποίο σχετίζεται με την Αιολική μορφή ωFόν του Ωόν (αβγό).
_____________________________________ Post 134. _________________________


_______________________________________________________________

tags within the post: etymology of oval, etymology of ovary, etymology of ova, etymology of ovarian, etymology of ovate, etymology of ovoid, etymology of ovule, etymology of ovum, ετυμολογία, ωοειδές, ωάριο, ωοθήκη, προέλευση αγγλικών λέξεων, Ελληνική γλώσσα, etymologia, etymologie, learn Greek online, learn easily Greek using cognates, learn Greek for free, etymology, etymologie, etymologia, origin of Latin words, etymology of English, loan words in English, origin of English, origin of English words, English words from Greek, Latin words from Greek, Greek language, ετυμολογία, ετυμολογία Λατινικών, ετυμολογία αγγλικών λέξεων, προέλευση αγγλικών λέξεων, προέλευση Λατινικών, ελληνικές λέξεις στα Αγγλικά, αντιδάνεια, French words from Greek, English words from Greek, Spanish words from Greek, German words from Greek, Italian words from Greek, loanwords, etymology of French words, etymology of English words, etymology of Spanish words, etymology of German words, etymology of Italian words, cognates, learn Greek fast, learn modern Greek, origin of oval, origin of ovary, origin of ova, origin of ovarian, origin of ovate, origin of ovoid, origin of ovule, origin of ovum.

Posted in O | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Etymology of trophy, trope

Posted by Johannes on 1 March 2010

Origin of trophy, trope
The word trophy (a prize of war) comes from the Latin trophæum (a sign of victory), originally tropæum, which is a transliteration of the Greek tropaion (monument of an enemy’s defeat) from neut. of adj. tropaios (of defeat) from trope (a rout) originally “a turning” (of the enemy).

 
In modern Greek:

 a) tropeo: trophy [τρόπαιο]

b) trope: change, turn [τροπή]
.
.

From the same root:
English: trope
French: trophee, trope, tropologie
Italian: trofeo, tropo, tropologia
Spanish: trofeo, tropo, tropologia
German: Trophae, Trope
.
OED
.
Η λέξη trophy (τρόπαιο) προέρχεται από το Λατινικό trophæum (αρχικά tropæum), το οποίο αποτελεί μεταγραφή του Ελληνικού τρόπαιον.
.

Post 132.
___


_______________________________________________________________
tags within the post: etymology of trophy, etymology of trope, etymologie de trophee, etymologie de trope, etymologie de tropologie, etymologia de trofeo, etymologia de tropo, etymologia de tropologia, learn Greek online, learn easily Greek using cognates, learn Greek for free, etymology, etymologie, etymologia, origin of Latin words, etymology of English, loan words in English, origin of English, origin of English words, English words from Greek, Latin words from Greek, Greek language, ετυμολογία, ετυμολογία Λατινικών, ετυμολογία αγγλικών λέξεων, προέλευση αγγλικών λέξεων, προέλευση Λατινικών, ελληνικές λέξεις στα Αγγλικά, αντιδάνεια, French words from Greek, English words from Greek, Spanish words from Greek, German words from Greek, Italian words from Greek, loanwords, etymology of French words, etymology of English words, etymology of Spanish words, etymology of German words, etymology of Italian words, origin of trophy, trope, origine de trophee, origine de trope, origine de tropologie, origine de trofeo, origine de tropo, origine de tropologia

Posted in T | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »