English Words of (Unexpected) Greek Origin.

Learn easily Greek using the roots of the English words.

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Etymology of crypt

Posted by Johannes on 16 April 2012

The word crypt (vault, cavern) comes from the Latin crypta (vault, cavern), from the Greek crypte, fem. of cryptos [hidden; Gr: κρυπτός], verbal adj. from cryptein [to hide, to conceal; Gr: κρύπτειν]. See also “etymology of grotesque” here.
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From the same root:
cryptic, crypto-, cryptogam, cryptogram, cryptographer.
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In modern Greek (Romeika, Rumca):
a) crypte: crypt [Gr.: κρύπτη]
b) crypto (or cryvo): to hide, conceal, secrete [Gr.: κρύπτω or κρύβω].
c) cryptographos: cryptographer [Gr.: κρυπτογράφος]
d) cryptographima: cryptogram, coded message [Gr.: κρυπτογράφημα]
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Etymology of unity, union, unit

Posted by Johannes on 10 December 2011

The word unity comes from the French unite, from Latin unitatem, from unus (one) from the Greek oenos (one). See also “Etymology of one” here.

From the same root: union, unit

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Etymology of cup

Posted by Johannes on 24 May 2010

Origin of cup
Cup comes from the Latin cupa/cuppa (hollow, cup), which derives from the Greek cype (hollow, cup; κύπη).
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From the same root:
English: cupel
French: coupe, cuve, cuvette
Italian: coppa, coppella
Spanish: copa, cuba, copela
German: Kupe
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In modern Greek (Romeika, the language of Romei/Romans/Ρωμηοί).
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Η λέξη cup (κύπελλο) προέρχεται από το Λατινικό cupa/cuppa (κοιλότητα, κύπελλο), το οποίο προέρχεται από το Ελληνικό κύπη (κοιλότητα, γούβα, κύπελλο).

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Etymology of pants, pantaloons

Posted by Johannes on 24 May 2010

Origin of pants, pantaloons
Pants is a shortened form of pantaloons. Pantaloons (kind of tights, trousers) derives from the French pantalon from the name of Pantaleone a hero of comedia dell’arte (16th century), who used to wear such trousers. The name Pantaleon is Greek and means “always a lion, in all things like a lion” [Panta- (always, all things) + –leon (lion)].
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Saint Pantaleon (the name later changed to Panteleimon – always mercyful, all-mercuful-) was martyred under the reign of Emperor Maximian (ca. 305 A.D.). He was a physician, and he dedicated his life to the suffering, the sick, the unfortunate and the needy. He treated all those who turned to him without charge, healing them in the name of Jesus Christ. More: here.
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Saint Panteleimon

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From the same root:

French: pantalon

Italian: pantalone

Spanish: pantalon

Turkish: pantolon

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In modern Greek (Romeika, the language of Romei/Romans/Ρωμηοί)
 (https://ewonago.wordpress.com/2010/03/22/the-term-romei-romans-%cf%81%cf%89%ce%bc%ce%b7%ce%bf%ce%af-short-historical-synopsis/.

a) pantaloni: pantaloon (loan word from It. pantalone) [πανταλόνι]

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b) panta: all, always [πάντα]. See the same pan- (all) in many words such as: pandemic, pandemonium, panacea, panegyric, panoply, panorama, pantheon, pantomime etc.

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c) eleimon: mercyful [ελεήμων]

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d) eleos: mercy [έλεος]

 

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Η λέξη pant αποτελεί συντόμευση του pantaloon (πανταλόνι). Προέρχεται από το Γαλλικό pantalon από το όνομα Πανταλέων (Pantaleone) ενός χαρακτήρα της comedia dell’arte (16ος αιώνας), ο οποίος στα έργα φορούσε τέτοια πανταλόνια.

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Etymology of lion

Posted by Johannes on 24 May 2010

Origin of lion
The word lion comes from the old French lion from the Latin leo (lion), which is a trasliteration of the Greek leon (gen. leontos; lion; λέων).
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From the same root:
English: lioncel, lioness, lion-hearted
French: lion
Italian: leone, leonessa
Spanish: leon
German: Löwe
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In Romeika (modern Greek, the language of Romei/Romans/Ρωμηοί)
a) liontari: lion [λιοντάρι]
b) leena: lioness [λέαινα]
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Η λέξη lion (λιοντάρι) προέρχεται από το Λατινικό leo (λιοντάρι), το οποίο αποτελεί μεταγραφή του Ελληνικού λέων.
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Etymology of mill

Posted by Johannes on 28 March 2010

Origin of mill
The word mill comes from the Latin mola (mill, millstone), which is a transliteration of the Greek myle (mill, millstone; μύλη).
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From the same root
English:
millstone, miller
French: meule, molette, meunier
Italian: mola, mugnaio
Spanish: muela, moleta, molinero
German: Muhlstein, Muller
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In Romeika (modern Greek, the language of Romei/Romans/Ρωμηοί)
a) milos:
mill [μύλος]
b) milopetra:
millstone [milo (mill)+ petra (stone); μυλόπετρα]
c) milonas: miller [μυλωνάς]
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Η λέξη mill (μύλος) προέρχεται από το Λατινικό mola (μύλος), το οποίο αποτελεί μεταγραφή του Ελληνικού μύλη.
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meule (μύλος), molette (τροχίσκος), meunier (μυλωνάς)
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Etymology of west

Posted by Johannes on 22 March 2010

Origin of west

The word west derives from the Latin vesper (evening, west), which is a transliteration of the Greek hesperos (evening, west).
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From the same route:
vespers, vespertine
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In Romeika (modern Greek, the language of Romei/Romans/Ρωμηοί)
a) esperinos: vespers [εσπερινός]
b) espera: evening [εσπέρα]
c) kalispera: good evening [kali (good)+espera (evening); καλησπέρα]
d) Esperia: West Europe [Εσπερία]
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Η λέξη west (δύση, δυτικός) προέρχεται από το Λατινικό vesper (απόγευμα, δύση), το οποίο αποτελεί μεταγραφή του ελληνικού έσπερος.
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Post 136.

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Etymology of oval, ovary

Posted by Johannes on 1 March 2010

Origin of oval, ovary

The word oval comes from the Latin ovalis (egg-shaped, literally of or pertaining to an egg) from ovum (egg), which derives from the Greek Aeolic form oFon (egg; ωFόν) of oon (egg; ωόν ).
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In modern Greek (Romeika, the language of Romei/Romans/Ρωμηοί)

a) ootheque: ovary (oo-theque: lit. collection/library of eggs) [ωοθήκη]

b) oario: ovum [ωάριο]

c) ooides: ovoid, egg-shaped, oval [ωοειδές]
{Gr. ooides –> L. ovoides –> En. ovoid}

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From the same root:
ova, ovarian, ovate, ovoid, ovule, ovum
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Η λέξη oval προέρχεται από το λατινικό ovalis (ωοειδής), από το ovum (αβγό), το οποίο προέρχεται από την Αιολική μορφή ωFόν του Ωόν (αβγό).

 

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Etymology of fart

Posted by Johannes on 1 March 2010

Origin of fart
The word fart (a flatus expelled through the anus) comes from the Old English verb fert-en, which derives from the ancient Greek verb perd-ome (fart).

In modern Greek (Romeika, the language of Romei/Romans/Ρωμηοί)
a) perdome: fart (v) [πέρδομαι]
b) porde: fart (n) [πορδή]

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Η λέξη fart (πέρδομαι) προέρχεται από το ελληνικό ρήμα πέρδομαι.

Post 133.

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Etymology of gusto

Posted by Johannes on 29 September 2009

Origin of gusto.
The word gusto (enthousiastic enjoyment, pleasure, high spirits, cheerfulness) comes from the latin gustus (taste) from the verb gusto (to taste), which derives from the Greek verb geuso (to taste; γεύσω).

From the same root:
English: gustation, gustative, choose
French: gout (old French: goust), gouter, degouter, degustateur, ragout, choisir, choix
Italian:
gusto, gustare, digustarsi, gustatore
Spanish: gusto, gustar, disgustarse, degustador, regosto, escoger
German:
Kost, kosten, kiesen (via the old Germ. Kausjan)
Dutch: kust

In modern Greek (Romeika, the language of Romei-Romans).
a) geusi / or better gefsi: taste [γεύση]
b) geuso / gefso: to taste [γεύσω]
c) geusticos / gefsticos: tasty [γευστικός]
d) geuma / gevma: meal, dinner, lunch [γεύμα]
e) geumatizo / gevmatizo: lunch, dine, have lunch [γευματίζω]
f) gusto: gusto (loan from Italian) [γούστο]
e) gustaro: like, care for (loan from Italian) [γουστάρω]

Η λέξη gusto (απόλαυση, τέρψη, ευχαρίστηση, κέφι) προέρχεται από το λατινικό gustus (γεύση) από το ρήμα gusto (γεύσω), που με τη σειρά του προέρχεται από το ελληνικό ρήμα γεύσω/ γεύσομαι.

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