ENGLISH WORDS AND GREEK COGNATES.

Learn easily Greek via the linguistic relationships and the roots of the English words.

Posts Tagged ‘Origin of latin’

Etymology of austere

Posted by Johannes on 4 March 2011

Origin of the word austere

Austere comes from the Latin austerus (dry, harsh), which is a transliteration of the Greek austeros (bitter, harsh; Gr.: αυστηρός).
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From the same root: austerity
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In modern Greek:
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a) afsteros: austere [Gr: αυστηρός]
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b) afsterotita: austerity [Gr.: αυστηρότητα]
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Etymology of fidelity, faith, confidence, fiance.

Posted by Johannes on 5 December 2010

Origin of fidelity, faith, confidence, fiance.
Fidelity comes form the French fidelite from the Latin fidelis (faithful), from fides (faith, loyalty), from the verb fido (to trust), which is related to the Greek verb pitho (to persuade, to trust; Gr: πείθ-ω/πείθ-ομαι).
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From the same root:
English: fiducial, faith, confidense, fiance, fiancee.
French: fidele, fiducie, fidelite, fier, fiancer, confiance, defier
Italian: fido, fidducia, fidarsi, diffidare, fidanzare, condidenza
Spanish: fiel, Fidel, fidelidad, fiar, fe, fianza, confianza
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In modern Greek:
a) pitho: to persuade [pith-o; Gr: πείθω]
b) pisti: faith [pist-i; Gr: πίστη]
c) empistevome: to trust [en-pist-evome; Gr: εμπιστεύομαι]

OED
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Etymology of cup

Posted by Johannes on 24 May 2010

Origin of cup
Cup comes from the Latin cupa/cuppa (hollow, cup), which is related to the Greek cype (hollow, cup; κύπη).
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From the same root:
English: cupel
French: coupe, cuve, cuvette
Italian: coppa, coppella
Spanish: copa, cuba, copela
German: Kupe
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In modern Greek:
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a) cypello: cup [κύπελλο]
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b) cupa: cup [κούπα]
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Η λέξη cup (κύπελλο) προέρχεται από το Λατινικό cupa/cuppa (κοιλότητα, κύπελλο), το οποίο σχετίζεται με το Ελληνικό κύπη (κοιλότητα, γούβα, κύπελλο).
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Etymology of pants, pantaloons

Posted by Johannes on 24 May 2010

Origin of pants, pantaloons
Pants is a shortened form of pantaloons. Pantaloons (kind of tights, trousers) derives from the French pantalon from the name of Pantaleone a hero of comedia dell’arte (16th century), who used to wear such trousers. The name Pantaleon is Greek and means “always a lion, in all things like a lion” [Panta- (always, all things) + –leon (lion)].
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Saint Pantaleon (the name later changed to Panteleimon – always mercyful, all-mercuful-) was martyred under the reign of Emperor Maximian (ca. 305 A.D.). He was a physician, and he dedicated his life to the suffering, the sick, the unfortunate and the needy. He treated all those who turned to him without charge, healing them in the name of Jesus Christ. More: here.
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Saint Panteleimon

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From the same root:

French: pantalon

Italian: pantalone

Spanish: pantalon

Turkish: pantolon

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In modern Greek:

a) pantaloni: pantaloon (loan word from It. pantalone) [πανταλόνι]

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b) panta: all, always [πάντα]. See the same pan- (all) in many words such as: pandemic, pandemonium, panacea, panegyric, panoply, panorama, pantheon, pantomime etc.

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c) eleimon: mercyful [ελεήμων]

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d) eleos: mercy [έλεος]

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OED

Η λέξη pant αποτελεί συντόμευση του pantaloon (πανταλόνι). Προέρχεται από το Γαλλικό pantalon από το όνομα Πανταλέων (Pantaleone) ενός χαρακτήρα της comedia dell’arte (16ος αιώνας), ο οποίος στα έργα φορούσε τέτοια πανταλόνια.

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Etymology of lion

Posted by Johannes on 24 May 2010

Origin of lion
The word lion comes from the old French lion from the Latin leo (lion), which is a trasliteration of the Greek leon (gen. leontos; lion; λέων).
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From the same root:
English: lioncel, lioness, lion-hearted
French: lion
Italian: leone, leonessa
Spanish: leon
German: Löwe
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In modern Greek:
a) liontari: lion [λιοντάρι]
b) leena: lioness [λέαινα]
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Η λέξη lion (λιοντάρι) προέρχεται από το Λατινικό leo (λιοντάρι), το οποίο αποτελεί μεταγραφή του Ελληνικού λέων.
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Etymology of mill

Posted by Johannes on 28 March 2010

Origin of mill
The word mill comes from the Latin mola (mill, millstone), which is is related to the Greek myle (mill, millstone; μύλη).
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From the same root
English:
millstone, miller
French: meule, molette, meunier
Italian: mola, mugnaio
Spanish: muela, moleta, molinero
German: Muhlstein, Muller
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In modern Greek:
a) milos:
mill [μύλος]
b) milopetra:
millstone [milo (mill)+ petra (stone); μυλόπετρα]
c) milonas: miller [μυλωνάς]
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OED

 

Η λέξη mill (μύλος) προέρχεται από το Λατινικό mola (μύλος), το οποίο σχετίζεται με το Ελληνικό μύλη.
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meule (μύλος), molette (τροχίσκος), meunier (μυλωνάς)
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Etymology of the word “toilet”

Posted by Johannes on 18 September 2009

Origin of the word “toilet”

Toilet comes from the French toilette (a cloth, bag for clothes) from toile (cloth, net). Sense evolution is to “act or process of dressing” and then “a dressing room”. Toile (older: teile) comes from the latin te(xe)la [fabric, cloth, textile] from the latin verb texo, which is related to the Greek verb tefho (fut. tefxo; weave, create, build, construct; τεύχω).
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From the same root:
towel, text, texture, toil
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In modern Greek:
a) architecton: architect [αρχικέκτων]
b) techni: mastery, workmanship, art [τέχνη]
c) technicos: technical [τεχνικός]
δ) tualeta: toilet, bathroom, dress (loan from English/French) [τουαλέτα]
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Η λέξη toilet προέρχεται από το γαλλικό toilette (ρούχο, ένδυμα) από το toile (ρούχο, δίκτυ), το οποίο με τη σειρά του προέρχεται από το λατινικό te(xe)la [ύφασμα, ένδυμα] από το ρήμα texo, το οποίο σχετίζεται με το ελληνικό ρήμα τεύχω (ποιώ, κατασκευάζω, υφαίνω, διαμορφώ, σχηματίζω.
Note: Some etymologize toilet from the unification of the Greek article “to” (the) with the substantive eileon (involucrum, wrapper; είλεον) from the Greek verb eilyo (originally: Felnyo; ειλύω), which means to surround, to encircle, to girdle. From this verb (eilyo) comes also the latin verb volvo (trundle, wheel, roll).
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Etymology of lavatory, lave, laundry, lava

Posted by Johannes on 8 August 2009

Origin of lavatory, lave, laundry

Lavatory comes from the latin lavo/lavare (to wash, to bathe), which is related to  the Greek verb luo (loFo —> loo —> luo) [to bathe, lit: to wash the body; λούω; see: ab-luo, ab-lution].

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From the same root:

lava, lave, lavender, laver, lavish, lavishness, laundry, lather, etc

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In modern Greek:

a) luo: to bathe, to wash the body/head [λούω]

b) lutro (originally: loFetro): lavatory [λουτρό]

c) lusimo: bath, shampoo [λούσιμο]

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OED

 

Η λέξη lavatory (λουτρό, μπάνιο) προέρχεται από το Λατινικό lavo/lavare, το οποίο σχετίζεται με το ελληνικό ρήμα λούω (λόFω —> λόω —> λούω)

lave

lavo

laundry

lavander

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Etymology of daughter

Posted by Johannes on 8 August 2009

Origin of daughter
 

The word daughter comes from the proto-German dhukter, which is related to the Greek thygater (daughter; θυγάτηρ).

 

In German: Tochter

In Swedish: dotter

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In modern Greek:
a) thygatera: daughter [θυγατέρα]

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OED

 

Η λέξη daughter (θυγατέρα, κόρη) προέρχεται από το πρωτο-Γερμανικό dhukter, το οποίο σχετίζεται το ελληνικό θυγάτηρ.

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daughter

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Etymology of emblem

Posted by Johannes on 23 July 2009

Origin of emblem

Emblem
derives from the latin emblema (inlaid ornamental work), which is a transliteration of the Greek emblema (embossed ornament, insertion; έμβλημα) from the verb emballo (to insert, lit.: to throw in, from em-: in + ballo/vallo: to throw, to put in; εμβάλλω).

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From the same root:

emblemize, ballistic, ballet

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In modern Greek:

a) emblema / emvlema: emblem [έμβλημα]

b) ballo / vallo: put, attack [βάλλω]

c) ballisticos/vallisticos: ballistic [βαλλιστικός]
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OED

Η λέξη emblem προέρχεται από το ελληνικό έμβλημα.

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