ENGLISH WORDS AND GREEK COGNATES.

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Archive for the ‘L’ Category

Etymology of latex

Posted by Johannes on 3 December 2011

The word latex (liquid, body fluid) comes from the Latin latex (gen. laticis; liquid, fluid), which derives from the Greek latax (dregs, the remnant of wine flung into a vessel or on the ground; Gr: λάταξ).

In modern Greek:
a) latex: latex [loanword; Gr: λάτεξ]

OED
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Etymology of wolf

Posted by Johannes on 23 January 2011

Origin of the word wolf .
The word wolf is related to the Latιn lupus (wolf) and the Greek lycos (wolf; Gr: λύκος).

In modern Greek:
a) lycos: wolf [Gr: λύκος]
b) lycophilia: a spurious/sham friendship [lit.: friendship between wolfs (lycos+philia); Gr.: λυκοφιλία]


WKN

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Etymology of lion

Posted by Johannes on 24 May 2010

Origin of lion
The word lion comes from the old French lion from the Latin leo (lion), which is a trasliteration of the Greek leon (gen. leontos; lion; λέων).
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From the same root:
English: lioncel, lioness, lion-hearted
French: lion
Italian: leone, leonessa
Spanish: leon
German: Löwe
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In modern Greek:
a) liontari: lion [λιοντάρι]
b) leena: lioness [λέαινα]
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Η λέξη lion (λιοντάρι) προέρχεται από το Λατινικό leo (λιοντάρι), το οποίο αποτελεί μεταγραφή του Ελληνικού λέων.
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The Latin alphabet is the Greek Chalcidian alphabet with minor changes

Posted by Johannes on 18 September 2009

The Latin alphabet is the Greek Chalcidian alphabet with minor changes

The Chalcidian/Cumae alphabet was the western variant of the Greek alphabet, used between the 8th to 5th centuries BC. It was specifically used in the island of Euboea (including the towns of Kymi and Chalcis) and the areas west of Athens and in the Greek colonies of southern Italic peninsula. It was this variant that gave rise to the Latin alphabet.

Alphabets.
1. Attica, Athens
2. Euboea island, Chalcidian alphabet
3. Boeotia
4. Thessaly
5. Phocis

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Το λατινικό αλφάβητο ουσιαστικά είναι το Ελληνικό αλφάβητο της πόλης της Χαλκίδος, το οποίο μεταφέρθηκε στη Ιταλική χερσόνησο, μέσω των αποικιών της πόλης.

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http://www.webtopos.gr/eng/languages/greek/gre.anc_alphabets.htm

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Tags within the post: origin of the latin alphabet, chalcidian aphabet, Chalkidian alphabet, Greek alphabet, Hellenic alphabet, origin of the Italian alphabet, origin of the Engish alphabet, Cumae alphabet

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Etymology of lavatory, lave, laundry, lava

Posted by Johannes on 8 August 2009

Origin of lavatory, lave, laundry

Lavatory comes from the latin lavo/lavare (to wash, to bathe), which is related to  the Greek verb luo (loFo —> loo —> luo) [to bathe, lit: to wash the body; λούω; see: ab-luo, ab-lution].

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From the same root:

lava, lave, lavender, laver, lavish, lavishness, laundry, lather, etc

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In modern Greek:

a) luo: to bathe, to wash the body/head [λούω]

b) lutro (originally: loFetro): lavatory [λουτρό]

c) lusimo: bath, shampoo [λούσιμο]

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OED

 

Η λέξη lavatory (λουτρό, μπάνιο) προέρχεται από το Λατινικό lavo/lavare, το οποίο σχετίζεται με το ελληνικό ρήμα λούω (λόFω —> λόω —> λούω)

lave

lavo

laundry

lavander

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Etymology of lean

Posted by Johannes on 1 February 2009

Etymology of lean

The verb lean comes from the Proto-Germanic hlinen, which is related to the Greek verb klino (to slope, incline, bend; κλίνω). _

From the same root
enclitic, recline, decline etc (clinare, reclinare, declinare, inclinare etc. )

In modern Greek
a) clino: to slope, incline, bend [κλίνω]
b) encliticos: enclitic [εγκλιτικός]

OED

Το ρήμα lean (κλίνω, γέρνω, στηρίζομαι, ακουμπώ) σχετίζεται με το ρήμα κλίνω (απαρ. κλίνειν).

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Etymology of laity

Posted by Johannes on 1 January 2009

Etymology of “laity”

The word laity (the body of religious worshipers, as distinguished from the clergy), comes from the French laite from the late Latin laicus, from the Greek laikos (of the people; λαϊκός) from laos (people; λαός).

From the same root:
Lay, layman

In modern Greek
a) laos:
people [λαός]
b) laikos: of the people, folk, vulgar [λαϊκός]

OED

Η λέξη laity (οι λαικοί, οι κοσμικοί, το αμύητο κοινό), προέρχεται από το Γαλλικό laite from από το Λατινικό laicus, από το ελληνικό λαϊκός.

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ETYMOLOGY OF FOLIO AND LEAF

Posted by Johannes on 11 October 2008

Etymology of folio and leaf

Leaf comes from the Latin folium (leaf), which is related to the Greek φύλλον (fyllon; leaf) per metathesis.
From the same root.
foliation, foliate, foliar, portfolio, leaflet etc.
In modern Greek
a) φύλλο: leaf [fylo]
b) φυλλάδιο: leaflet, booklet [fyladio]
Η λέξη leaf (φύλλο) προέρχεται από το Λατινικό folium (φύλλο), το οποίο _σχετίζεται με το Ελληνικό φύλλον.
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ETYMOLOGY OF LIBRARY, LIBRARIAN, LEPROSY, LEPER

Posted by Johannes on 5 August 2008

Etymology of library and leprosy

The word library came into English from the old French librairie (collection of books) noun use of adj. librarius from the Latin librarium (chest for books) from liber (gen. libri; book, paper, originally the inner bark of trees) which is related to the Greek Aeolic form λέπορ (bark of a tree) from the verb λέπω (to peel, to strip off the bark of a tree or plant). Books were anciently made by the inward bark of a plant.

Moreover, the same verb λέπω (lepo; peel) is related to the Greek word λέπρα (lepra; leprosy) and the Latin lepra and this is the root for the words leprosy and leper.

In modern Greek.
α) λέπρα: leprosy [lepra]
β) λεπρός: leper [lepros]

 

OED

OED2

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Η λέξη library (βιβλιοθήκη) προήλθε από το γαλλικό librairie (συλλογή βιβλίων) που προήλθε από το λατινικό librarium από το liber (γεν. libri, βιβλίο, αρχικώς ο εσωτερικός φλοιός των δέντρων) το οποίο σχετίζεται με την αιολική μορφή λέπορ από το ρήμα λέπω (απολεπίζω, ξεφλουδίζω). Τα βιβλία στην αρχαιότητα συχνά φτιάχνονταν από φλοιό δέντρων.

Το ρήμα λέπω σχετίζεται με τη λέξη λεπρός και λέπρα.

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Etymology of lamp

Posted by Johannes on 5 August 2008

Etymology of lamp

The noun lamp came into English from the French lampe that came from the Latin lampas, from the Greek λαμπάς (lampas) [lamp, torch, beacon, light] from the verb λάμπω (lambo; to shine)

From the same root: lampion, lamp-post, lamprey, lampshade

In modern Greek:
α) λαμπάς: (wax) candle, torch [lampas]
β) λάμπω: to shine, glance, glitter [lambo]
γ) λάμψη: shine, beam, sparkle, light [lampse]
δ) λάμπα: lamp [lampa]
ε) λαμπιόνι: little lamp, lampion [lampione]

 

OED

Το ουσιαστικό lamp (λάμπα) προέρχεται από το γαλλικό lampe από το λατινικό lampas, από το ελληνικό λαμπάς από το ρήμα λάμπω.

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