Learn easily Greek via the linguistic relationships and the roots of the English words.

Archive for the ‘O’ Category

Etymology of super and over

Posted by Johannes on 10 December 2011

Both super and over come from the Latin super, which is related to the Greek yper/hyper [over, super; Gr: υπέρ].

In modern Greek:
a) yper: super, over, hyper- [Gr: υπέρ]



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Etymology of one

Posted by Johannes on 10 December 2011

The word one comes from the Latin unus, which is related to the Greek oenos [one, ace in dice; Gr: οινός].

Note: Some etymologize unus from the gen. enos of eis [one; Gr: εις].


From the same root: unity, unique.


In modern Greek:
a) enas:
one [Gr: ένας]
b) enotita: unity [Gr: ενότητα]


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Etymology of oval, ovary

Posted by Johannes on 1 March 2010

Origin of oval, ovary

The word oval comes from the Latin ovalis (egg-shaped, literally of or pertaining to an egg) from ovum (egg), which is related to the Greek Aeolic form oFon (egg; ωFόν) of oon (egg; ωόν ).
In modern Greek:

a) ootheque: ovary (oo-theque: lit. collection/library of eggs) [ωοθήκη]

b) oario: ovum [ωάριο]

c) ooides: ovoid, egg-shaped, oval [ωοειδές]
{Gr. ooides –> L. ovoides –> En. ovoid}

From the same root:
ova, ovarian, ovate, ovoid, ovule, ovum
Η λέξη oval προέρχεται από το λατινικό ovalis (ωοειδής), από το ovum (αβγό), το οποίο σχετίζεται με την Αιολική μορφή ωFόν του Ωόν (αβγό).
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Etymology of ostrich

Posted by Johannes on 7 April 2009

Etymology of ostrich.
Ostrich derives from the old French ostruce from the late Latin struthio (ostrich), from the Greek struthion (ostrich; στρουθίον) from struthos melage (big sparrow).

From the same root:
French: autruche


In modern Greek.
a) struthocamelos: ostrich [στρουθοκάμηλος]
b) struthio: sparrow [στρουθίο]


Το ostrich προέρχεται από το αρχαίο Γαλλικό ostruce από το Λατινικό struthio, από το ελληνικό στρουθίον.

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