ENGLISH WORDS AND GREEK COGNATES.

Learn easily Greek via the linguistic relationships and the roots of the English words.

Posts Tagged ‘Learn Greek online’

Etymology of aria

Posted by Johannes on 16 April 2012

The word aria comes from the Italian aria, from the Latin aerem, accusative of aer (air), which is a transliteration of the Greek aer [air; Gr: αήρ].

See also etymolology of air here.
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In modern Greek:
a) Aria: aria [Gr: άρια]

b) aeras: air [Gr: αέρας]

WKN

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Etymology of carrot

Posted by Johannes on 16 April 2012

The word carrot comes from the old French carrotte, from the Latin carota, which is a transliteration of the Greek caroton (carrot; Gr: καρώτον).

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In modern Greek:

a) caroto: carrot [Gr: καρώτο]

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From the same root: carotene, carotenoids

 

OED

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Etymology of saliva

Posted by Johannes on 20 March 2011

Origin of the word saliva.

The word salivacomes from the Latin saliva (spittle), of unknown origin. Perhaps it is related to the  Greek sialon (saliva, spittle; Gr: σίαλον).
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From the same root:
English: salivation, salivary, salivate
French: salive, salivation, salivaire
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In modern Greek:
a) salio or sialos or sielos:saliva [Gr: σάλιο or σίαλος or σίελος]
b) sielogonos: salivary [Gr: σιελογόνος]
c) sielorrhea: salivation [Gr: σιελόρροια]
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Etymology of corner, horn and cerebrum

Posted by Johannes on 24 October 2010

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Origin of corner
The word corner comes from the Frenh corne (horn, corner), from the Latin cornu (projecting point, horn), which is related to the Greek ceras (horn) and carnon (horn).


From the same root:
English: cerebrum, cerebellum, cerebral, cornea, horn, horny
French: cor, corne, corner, cerf, cerveau
Italian: corno, cornare, cervo, cornamuza
German:
Horn

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In modern Greek:
a) ceras or cerato: horn [κέρας or κέρατο]
b) corna: (car) horn, klaxon [κόρνα]; loan word.
c) ceratoidis: cornea [κερατοειδής]
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OED

WKN

 

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Other modern Greek words from the same root (in Greek): κάρα, κρανίο, κράσπεδο, κριός, κορυφή, κορύνα, κορυδαλλός, κόρυμβος κλ

 

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Etymology of air

Posted by Johannes on 24 October 2010

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Origin of air.
The word air derives from the French air from the Latin aerem (nom. aer), which is merely a transliteration of the Gree aer (gen. aeros) “air” [αήρ].
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From the same root:
air- (airbase, airborne, airconditioning, aircraft, air force, airline, airport etc);
aero- (aerobic, aerodrome, aerodynamics, aerology, aeroplane, aerosol, aerospace etc);
aerate, aeration, aerial, aerification, aerify, airing etc.
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In modern Greek:
a) aeras: air [αέρας]
b) aerodromio:
aerodrome, airport [αεροδρόμιο]
c) aeroplano: aeroplane [αεροπλάνο]
d) aerismos:
airing [αερισμός]
d) aeroscafos:
aircraft [αεροσκάφος]

OED

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Etymology of cup

Posted by Johannes on 24 May 2010

Origin of cup
Cup comes from the Latin cupa/cuppa (hollow, cup), which is related to the Greek cype (hollow, cup; κύπη).
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From the same root:
English: cupel
French: coupe, cuve, cuvette
Italian: coppa, coppella
Spanish: copa, cuba, copela
German: Kupe
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In modern Greek:
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a) cypello: cup [κύπελλο]
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b) cupa: cup [κούπα]
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Η λέξη cup (κύπελλο) προέρχεται από το Λατινικό cupa/cuppa (κοιλότητα, κύπελλο), το οποίο σχετίζεται με το Ελληνικό κύπη (κοιλότητα, γούβα, κύπελλο).
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Etymology of pants, pantaloons

Posted by Johannes on 24 May 2010

Origin of pants, pantaloons
Pants is a shortened form of pantaloons. Pantaloons (kind of tights, trousers) derives from the French pantalon from the name of Pantaleone a hero of comedia dell’arte (16th century), who used to wear such trousers. The name Pantaleon is Greek and means “always a lion, in all things like a lion” [Panta- (always, all things) + –leon (lion)].
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Saint Pantaleon (the name later changed to Panteleimon – always mercyful, all-mercuful-) was martyred under the reign of Emperor Maximian (ca. 305 A.D.). He was a physician, and he dedicated his life to the suffering, the sick, the unfortunate and the needy. He treated all those who turned to him without charge, healing them in the name of Jesus Christ. More: here.
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Saint Panteleimon

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From the same root:

French: pantalon

Italian: pantalone

Spanish: pantalon

Turkish: pantolon

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In modern Greek:

a) pantaloni: pantaloon (loan word from It. pantalone) [πανταλόνι]

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b) panta: all, always [πάντα]. See the same pan- (all) in many words such as: pandemic, pandemonium, panacea, panegyric, panoply, panorama, pantheon, pantomime etc.

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c) eleimon: mercyful [ελεήμων]

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d) eleos: mercy [έλεος]

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OED

Η λέξη pant αποτελεί συντόμευση του pantaloon (πανταλόνι). Προέρχεται από το Γαλλικό pantalon από το όνομα Πανταλέων (Pantaleone) ενός χαρακτήρα της comedia dell’arte (16ος αιώνας), ο οποίος στα έργα φορούσε τέτοια πανταλόνια.

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Etymology of lion

Posted by Johannes on 24 May 2010

Origin of lion
The word lion comes from the old French lion from the Latin leo (lion), which is a trasliteration of the Greek leon (gen. leontos; lion; λέων).
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From the same root:
English: lioncel, lioness, lion-hearted
French: lion
Italian: leone, leonessa
Spanish: leon
German: Löwe
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In modern Greek:
a) liontari: lion [λιοντάρι]
b) leena: lioness [λέαινα]
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Η λέξη lion (λιοντάρι) προέρχεται από το Λατινικό leo (λιοντάρι), το οποίο αποτελεί μεταγραφή του Ελληνικού λέων.
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Etymology of mill

Posted by Johannes on 28 March 2010

Origin of mill
The word mill comes from the Latin mola (mill, millstone), which is is related to the Greek myle (mill, millstone; μύλη).
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From the same root
English:
millstone, miller
French: meule, molette, meunier
Italian: mola, mugnaio
Spanish: muela, moleta, molinero
German: Muhlstein, Muller
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In modern Greek:
a) milos:
mill [μύλος]
b) milopetra:
millstone [milo (mill)+ petra (stone); μυλόπετρα]
c) milonas: miller [μυλωνάς]
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OED

 

Η λέξη mill (μύλος) προέρχεται από το Λατινικό mola (μύλος), το οποίο σχετίζεται με το Ελληνικό μύλη.
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meule (μύλος), molette (τροχίσκος), meunier (μυλωνάς)
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Etymology of devil

Posted by Johannes on 28 March 2010

Origin of devil

The word devil comes from the Latin diabolus (devil), which is a transliteration of the Greek diabolos (devil; diavolos; διάβολος) from the verb diaballo (to insinuate things (against sb), put sb in a bad light, slander, calumniate; from dia- “across, through” + ballo “to throw”; diavallo; διαβάλλω).
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From the same root
English: diabolic, diablerie, ballistic
French: diable, diabolique, diablerie
Italian: diavolo, dabolico, diavoleria
Spanish: diablo, dabolico, diablura
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In modern Greek:
a) diavolos: devil [διάβολος]
b) diavallo: to insinuate things (against sb), put sb in a bad light, slander, calumniate [διαβάλλω]
c) diavoli: calumny, false accusation [διαβολή]
d) diavolicos: diabolic [διαβολικός]
e) vallo: attack, hit out [βάλλω]
f) vallisticos: ballistic [βαλλιστικός]
g) voli: throw, shot [βολή]
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Η λέξη devil προέρχεται από το ελληνικό διάβολος.

.OED

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