English Words of (Unexpected) Greek Origin.

Learn easily Greek using the roots of the English words.

Posts Tagged ‘Learn Greek online’

Etymology of aria

Posted by Johannes on 16 April 2012

The word aria comes from the Italian aria, from the Latin aerem, accusative of aer (air), which is a transliteration of the Greek aer [air; Gr: αήρ]. See also etymolology of air here.
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In modern Greek (Romeika, Rumca):
a) Aria: aria [Gr: άρια]

 Post 210. More.

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Etymology of carrot

Posted by Johannes on 16 April 2012

The word carrot comes from the old French carrotte, from the Latin carota, which is a transliteration of the Greek caroton (carrot; Gr: καρωτόν).

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In modern Greek (Romeika, Rumca):

a) caroto: carrot [Gr: καρώτο]

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From the same root: carotene, carotenoids

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Etymology of mariner, marine

Posted by Johannes on 11 September 2011

Mariner comes from the old French marinier, from the Latin marinus (fem. marina) [of the sea], from mare (gen. maris) [sea], which, most likely, comes from the Greek stem-word myra (sea), from myro [flow, drip; Gr: μύρω]. See also post 193 “etymology of myriad” here.
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In modern Greek (Romeika):
a) plemyra:
over-flow, flood [Gr: πλημμύρα] (pleion+myra);
b) almyra: saltiness, lt. salt of the sea (als+myra); [Gr: αλμύρα]
c) almyrici: small tree near the sea (genus Tamarix, salt cedar); [Gr: αλμυρίκι]
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Etymology of saliva

Posted by Johannes on 20 March 2011

Origin of the word saliva.

The word saliva comes from the Latin saliva (spittle), from the Greek sialon (saliva, spittle; Gr: σίαλον).
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From the same root:
English: salivation, salivary, salivate
French: salive, salivation, salivaire
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In modern Greek (Romeika):
a) salio or sialos or sielos: saliva [Gr: σάλιο or σίαλος or σίελος]
b) sielogonos: salivary [Gr: σιελογόνος]
c) sielorrhea: salivation [Gr: σιελόρροια]
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Etymology of chop (to cut)

Posted by Johannes on 27 February 2011

Origin of the word chop (to cut)
Τhe word chop (to cut) comes from the old French coper (to cut, cut off), which, most probably, is derived from the Greek verb copto (to cut; Gr: κόπτω).

In modern Greek (Romeika):
a) copto or covo: to cut [Gr.: κόπτω or κόβω]
b) copi: cutting [Gr.: κοπή]

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Etymology of corner, horn and cerebrum

Posted by Johannes on 24 October 2010

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Origin of corner
The word corner comes from the Frenh corne (horn, corner), from the Latin cornu (projecting point, horn), which derives from the Greek ceras (horn).


From the same root:
English: cerebrum, cerebellum, cerebral, cornea, horn, horny
French: cor, corne, corner, cerf, cerveau
Italian: corno, cornare, cervo, cornamuza
German:
Horn

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In modern Greek (Romeika):
a) ceras or cerato: horn [κέρας or κέρατο]
b) corna: (car) horn, klaxon [κόρνα]; loan word.
c) ceratoidis: cornea [κερατοειδής]
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Other modern Greek words from the same root (in Greek): κάρα, κρανίο, κράσπεδο, κριός, κορυφή, κορύνα, κορυδαλλός, κόρυμβος κλ

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Etymology of air

Posted by Johannes on 24 October 2010

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Origin of air.
The word air derives from the French air from the Latin aerem (nom. aer), which is merely a transliteration of the Gree aer (gen. aeros) “air” [αήρ].
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From the same root:
air- (airbase, airborne, airconditioning, aircraft, air force, airline, airport etc);
aero- (aerobic, aerodrome, aerodynamics, aerology, aeroplane, aerosol, aerospace etc);
aerate, aeration, aerial, aerification, aerify, airing etc.
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In modern Greek (Romeika):
a) aeras: air [αέρας]
b) aerodromio:
aerodrome, airport [αεροδρόμιο]
c) aeroplano: aeroplane [αεροπλάνο]
d) aerismos:
airing [αερισμός]
d) aeroscafos:
aircraft [αεροσκάφος]

Post 149.

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Etymology of cup

Posted by Johannes on 24 May 2010

Origin of cup
Cup comes from the Latin cupa/cuppa (hollow, cup), which derives from the Greek cype (hollow, cup; κύπη).
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From the same root:
English: cupel
French: coupe, cuve, cuvette
Italian: coppa, coppella
Spanish: copa, cuba, copela
German: Kupe
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In modern Greek (Romeika, the language of Romei/Romans/Ρωμηοί).
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Η λέξη cup (κύπελλο) προέρχεται από το Λατινικό cupa/cuppa (κοιλότητα, κύπελλο), το οποίο προέρχεται από το Ελληνικό κύπη (κοιλότητα, γούβα, κύπελλο).

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Etymology of pants, pantaloons

Posted by Johannes on 24 May 2010

Origin of pants, pantaloons
Pants is a shortened form of pantaloons. Pantaloons (kind of tights, trousers) derives from the French pantalon from the name of Pantaleone a hero of comedia dell’arte (16th century), who used to wear such trousers. The name Pantaleon is Greek and means “always a lion, in all things like a lion” [Panta- (always, all things) + –leon (lion)].
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Saint Pantaleon (the name later changed to Panteleimon – always mercyful, all-mercuful-) was martyred under the reign of Emperor Maximian (ca. 305 A.D.). He was a physician, and he dedicated his life to the suffering, the sick, the unfortunate and the needy. He treated all those who turned to him without charge, healing them in the name of Jesus Christ. More: here.
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Saint Panteleimon

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From the same root:

French: pantalon

Italian: pantalone

Spanish: pantalon

Turkish: pantolon

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In modern Greek (Romeika, the language of Romei/Romans/Ρωμηοί)
 (https://ewonago.wordpress.com/2010/03/22/the-term-romei-romans-%cf%81%cf%89%ce%bc%ce%b7%ce%bf%ce%af-short-historical-synopsis/.

a) pantaloni: pantaloon (loan word from It. pantalone) [πανταλόνι]

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b) panta: all, always [πάντα]. See the same pan- (all) in many words such as: pandemic, pandemonium, panacea, panegyric, panoply, panorama, pantheon, pantomime etc.

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c) eleimon: mercyful [ελεήμων]

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d) eleos: mercy [έλεος]

 

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Η λέξη pant αποτελεί συντόμευση του pantaloon (πανταλόνι). Προέρχεται από το Γαλλικό pantalon από το όνομα Πανταλέων (Pantaleone) ενός χαρακτήρα της comedia dell’arte (16ος αιώνας), ο οποίος στα έργα φορούσε τέτοια πανταλόνια.

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Post 141.

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Etymology of lion

Posted by Johannes on 24 May 2010

Origin of lion
The word lion comes from the old French lion from the Latin leo (lion), which is a trasliteration of the Greek leon (gen. leontos; lion; λέων).
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From the same root:
English: lioncel, lioness, lion-hearted
French: lion
Italian: leone, leonessa
Spanish: leon
German: Löwe
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In Romeika (modern Greek, the language of Romei/Romans/Ρωμηοί)
a) liontari: lion [λιοντάρι]
b) leena: lioness [λέαινα]
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Η λέξη lion (λιοντάρι) προέρχεται από το Λατινικό leo (λιοντάρι), το οποίο αποτελεί μεταγραφή του Ελληνικού λέων.
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