English Words of (Unexpected) Greek Origin.

Learn easily Greek using the roots of the English words.

Archive for October, 2011

Etymology of sketch

Posted by Johannes on 2 October 2011

The word sketch (rough drawing intended to serve as the bases for a finished picture), comes from the Italian schizzo (sketch, drawing), from the Latin schedium (an extemporaneous poem), from the Greek schedios (temporary, extemporaneous) [Gr: σχέδιος].
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In modern Greek (Romeika):
a) schedio: drawing, sketch, design [Gr: σχέδιο]
b) schediastis:
draughtsman, designer, sketcher [Gr: σχεδιαστής]
c) schediasi:
drawing, sketching, planning designing [Gr: σχεδίαση]
d) schediazo:
v sketch, draw, plan, lay out, design [Gr: σχεδιάζω]
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Η λέξη sketch (σκετς) προέρχεται από το Ιταλικό schizzo από το Λατινικό schedium (σχέδιο, αυτοσχέδιο ποίημα) από το ελληνικό σχέδιος.

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Etymology of calm

Posted by Johannes on 2 October 2011

The word calm (tranquility, quiet, peace) comes from the old French calme, from the Italian calma, from the Latin cauma (heat of the mid-day sun), which is a transliteration of the Greek kauma [Gr: καύμα] from the verb kaio (pronounced as keo), to burn [Gr: καίω]. Spelling influenced by L. calere “to be hot”.
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In modern Greek (Romeika):
a) kauma (pronounced as kavma): heat of the mid-day sun [Gr: καύμα]
b) keo: to burn [Gr: καίω]
c) encaustiki: encaustic [Gr: εγκαυστική]
d) encauma: n burn, scald [Gr: έγκαυμα]
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Etymology of beret

Posted by Johannes on 1 October 2011

Beret (cap; earlier, berret) is from the diminutive form birretum of the Latin birrus (large hooded cloak). Its name derived from the red colour [burrus: red] of the wool of which it was made. Burrus is merely a transliteration of the Greek word pyrros [Gr: πυρρός] meaning red, the colour of the fire, from pyr [Gr: πύρ], fire.


In modern Greek (Romeika):
a) pyr: n. fire [Gr: πυρ]
b) pyrosvestis: fireman, fire fighter [Gr: πυροσβέστης]
c) pyrotechnima: firework, pyrotechnics [Gr: πυροτέχνημα]
d) pyrotechnurgos: pyrotechnist [Gr: πυροτεχνουργός]
e) pyromanis: pyromaniac [Gr: πυρομανής]
f) pyrolysi: pyrolysis [Gr: πυρόλυση]
g) pyrovolo: to shoot, fire, gun [Gr: πυροβολώ]
h) pyrkayia: n. fire, conflagration [Gr: πυρκαγιά]
i) beres: beret [Gr: μπερές]; loanworn
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