ENGLISH WORDS AND GREEK COGNATES.

Learn easily Greek via the linguistic relationships and the roots of the English words.

Archive for March, 2011

Etymology of saliva

Posted by Johannes on 20 March 2011

Origin of the word saliva.

The word salivacomes from the Latin saliva (spittle), of unknown origin. Perhaps it is related to the  Greek sialon (saliva, spittle; Gr: σίαλον).
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From the same root:
English: salivation, salivary, salivate
French: salive, salivation, salivaire
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In modern Greek:
a) salio or sialos or sielos:saliva [Gr: σάλιο or σίαλος or σίελος]
b) sielogonos: salivary [Gr: σιελογόνος]
c) sielorrhea: salivation [Gr: σιελόρροια]
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Etymology of salary

Posted by Johannes on 17 March 2011

Origin of the word salary

Salary derives from the French salarie from the Latin salarium (salary, stipend, originally soldier’s allowance for the purchase of salt) from sal (salt), which is related to the Greek als (salt; Gr: άλς).
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From the same root: salt, salad, salami
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In modern Greek:
a) alas or alati: salt [Gr: άλας or αλάτι]
b) salata: salad [Gr: σαλάτα]
c) salami: salami [Gr: σαλάμι]
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Etymology of the name Christ

Posted by Johannes on 6 March 2011

Word origin of the name Christ
Christ comes from the Greek word Christos (Gr: Χριστός), which means “the anointed one”. It was a translation of the Jewish word Messiah.
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Jesus Christ, Saint Catherine’s Monastery, Mount Sinai.

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From the same root:

Christmas, Christian, Christianity, Christology.
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In modern Greek:
a) Christos: Christ [Gr: Χριστός]
b) Christianos: Christian [Gr: Χριστιανός]
c) Christugenna: Christmas [Gr: Χριστούγεννα; lit. Christ’s birth]
d) Christologia: Christology [Gr: Χριστολογία]
e) Christianismos: Christianity [Gr: Χριστιανισμός]
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Etymology of austere

Posted by Johannes on 4 March 2011

Origin of the word austere

Austere comes from the Latin austerus (dry, harsh), which is a transliteration of the Greek austeros (bitter, harsh; Gr.: αυστηρός).
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From the same root: austerity
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In modern Greek:
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a) afsteros: austere [Gr: αυστηρός]
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b) afsterotita: austerity [Gr.: αυστηρότητα]
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