ENGLISH WORDS AND GREEK COGNATES.

Learn easily Greek via the linguistic relationships and the roots of the English words.

Archive for October, 2008

NORMAL

Posted by Johannes on 19 October 2008

Normal comes from the Latin normalis (in conformity with rule) from norma (rule, pattern, lit. “carpenter’s square”), which derives (via Etruscan) from the Greek γνώμων (gnomon; rule, “carpenter’s square.”).

From the same root: norm, normality.

In modern Greek
a) γνώμων:
rule, motto, goniometer, protractor [gnomon].

 

OED

Το normal (φυσιολογικό, σύμφωνος με το νόμο) προέρχεται από το Λατινικό normalis από το norma (κανόνας, γνώμων), το οποίο προέρχεται (μεσω της γλώσσας των Ετρούσκων) από το Ελληνικό γνώμων.

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ETYMOLOGY OF FOLIO AND LEAF

Posted by Johannes on 11 October 2008

Etymology of folio and leaf

Leaf comes from the Latin folium (leaf), which is related to the Greek φύλλον (fyllon; leaf) per metathesis.
From the same root.
foliation, foliate, foliar, portfolio, leaflet etc.
In modern Greek
a) φύλλο: leaf [fylo]
b) φυλλάδιο: leaflet, booklet [fyladio]
Η λέξη leaf (φύλλο) προέρχεται από το Λατινικό folium (φύλλο), το οποίο _σχετίζεται με το Ελληνικό φύλλον.
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Etymology of taxonomy

Posted by Johannes on 11 October 2008

Etymology of taxonomy

It derives from the French taxonomie coined from the Greek words taxis (τάξις; order, arrangement) + –nomia (method) from -nomos (νόμος; managing, law) from nemein (manage, distribute, put in order).

In modern Greek
a) τάξις: order [taxis]
b) νόμος: law [nomos]

OED

Το taxonomy (ταξινόμηση) προέρχεται από τις λέξεις τάξις και νόμος

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