English Words of (Unexpected) Greek Origin.

Learn easily Greek using the roots of the English words.

Posts Tagged ‘english words of greek origin’

Etymology of plus, plural

Posted by Johannes on 1 January 2013

The word plus comes from the Latin plus (more) from the Greek pleos [more, in greater number, more than; Gr.: πλέος].

From the same root: 
plural, pluri- pluralism, plurarity, pluralize, pluralist, pleo- (pleomorphic etc), poly-, plethora


In modern Greek (Romeika, Rumca)

a) pleon: more [Gr: πλέον]

b) pleonasma: surplus, excess [Gr: πλεόνασμα]

c) pleonasmos: pleonasm [Gr: πλεονασμός ]

d) pleonektima: advantage [Gr: πλεονέκτημα]

e) plethos: a lot of, a large number of [Gr: πλήθος]

f) plethintikos: plural [Gr: πληθυντικός]

g) plethismos: population [Gr: πληθυσμός]

h) plethora: plethora, plenty [Gr: πληθώρα]

_______________________ Post 228 __________________

Advertisements

Posted in P | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Etymology of chamber

Posted by Johannes on 22 December 2012

The word chamber comes from the old French chambre (room, chamber), from the Latin camera (vaulted room), which is merely a transliteration of the Greek camara [Gr: καμάρα]. See also the post entitled “Etymology of camera”, here.

Post 224.

 

Posted in C | Tagged: , , , | Leave a Comment »

Etymology of anthem

Posted by Johannes on 9 July 2011

Origin of the word anthem
The word anthem comes from the old English ontemn, antefn, “a composition (in prose or verse) sung antiphonally,” from the Latin antefana, a transliteration of the Greek antiphona “verse response”.

From the same root:
antiphon, phonetic etc

In modern Greek (Romeika)
a) antiphono: antiphon [Gr: αντίφωνο]
b) anti-: anti-[Gr: αντι-]
c) anti: instead of, in place of, as, for [Gr: αντί]
d) phone or better phoni: voice [Gr: φωνή]
____
Post 185.

Posted in A | Tagged: , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Etymology of box

Posted by Johannes on 7 May 2011

Origin of the word box
The word box (wooden container) comes from the Latin buxis/buxus, which is a transliteration of the Greek pyxis/pyxos [box (the tree); Gr.: πύξος].

In modern Greek (Romeika)
a) pyxida: compass [Gr: πυξίδα]
Post 179
 
 


Posted in B | Tagged: , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Etymology of Peter

Posted by Johannes on 12 July 2009

Etymology of Peter
The proper name Peter derives from the Greek name Petros from petra (stone, rock; πέτρα) implying the endurance and steadiness of the character (steady as a rock).

From the same root:
Other languages: It. Pietro, Sp. Pedro, Fr. Pierre etc
Surnames: Pierce, Pearson, Parkin, Perkin etc
Common words: petrify, petro-, petroleum, petrol, petrolatum, petrology.


In modern Greek (Romeika).
a) Petros: Peter (Πέτρος)
b) petra: stone, rock (πέτρα)
c) petreleo: petroleum (πετρέλαιο)
d) petrinos: stony, rocky (πέτρινος)
e)petrono:
petrify (πετρώνω)

Το όνομα Peter (Πέτρος) προέρχεται από το Ελληνικό Πέτρος.

Post 98.
In blogger: http://ewonago.blogspot.com/

Tags within the post:
etymology of Peter, etymology of Pietro, etymology of Pedro, etymology of Pierre, etymology of Pierce, etymology of Pearson, etymology of Parkin, etymology of Perkin, etymology of petrify, etymology of petro-, etymology of petroleum, etymology of petrol, etymology of petrolatum, etymology of petrology, etymologie de Pierre, origin of Peter, origin of Pietro, origin of Pedro, origin of Pierre, origin of Pierce, origin of Pearson, origin of Parkin, origin of Perkin, origin of petrify, origin of petro-, origin of petroleum, origin of petrol, origin of petrolatum, origin of petrology.

Posted in P | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Etymology of task

Posted by Johannes on 11 April 2009

Etymology of task
Task
comes from the old French tasque from tasche (duty) from the Latin tasca (a duty, assessment) from taxa, which derives from the Greek verb tasso (put in order, evaluate; τάσσω).

From the same root.
taxonomy

French: tache

In modern Greek
a) tasso: put in order [τάσσω]
b) taxinomisi:
taxonomy [ταξινόμηση]
c) taxis:
order [τάξις]

Το task (καθήκον) προέρχεται από το Λατινικό tasche (καθήκον, υποχρέωση), το οποίο με τη σειρά του προέρχεται από το Ελληνικό ρήμα τάσσω.

Post 87.

In blogger: http://ewonago.blogspot.com/

Posted in T | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Etymology of pure

Posted by Johannes on 7 March 2009

Etymology of pure.
Pure
comes from the Latin purus, which derives from the Greek pyr/pur (fire, πύρ; gen: puros, πυρός), as initially fire was used for cleansing.

From the same root:
puryness, purification, purify, purity, Puritanism, puritanical, fire

In modern Greek:
a) pyr:
fire (plur: pyra: firing, shooting) [πυρ]
b) pyravlos: rocket [πύραυλος]
c) pyrkayia:
fire, conflagration [πυρκαγιά]
d) pyrovoliko:
artilery [πυροβολικό]
e) pyrovolo: to shoot, fire, gun [πυροβολώ]
f) pyrographia:
pyrography [πυρογραφία]
g) pyrocrotitis:
detonator [πυροκροτητής]
h) pyrolysi:
pyrolysis [πυρόλυση]
i) pyromania:
pyromania [πυρομανία]
j) pyromahika:
ammunition [πυρομαχικά]
k) pyrometria:
pyrometry [πυρομετρία]
l) pyrosvestis:
fire fighter [πυροσβέστης]
m) pyrotechnima:
firework, pyrotechnics [πυροτέχνημα]
n) pyrotechnurgos:
pyrotechnist [πυροτεχνουργός]

Η λέξη pure (αγνός, καθαρός) προέρχεται από το Λατινικό purus, ή οποία με τη σειρά της προέρχεται από το Ελληνικό πύρ, καθώς αρχικώς οι καθαρμοί γίνονταν με τη βοήθεια της φωτιάς.

Post 80.



In blogger: http://ewonago.blogspot.com/

Posted in P | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Etymology of empirical

Posted by Johannes on 22 February 2009

Etymology of empirical.
Empirical
derives from the Latin empiricus, which is a transliteration of the Greek empiricos (empirical, experienced; εμπειρικός) from empiria (experience; εμπειρία) from en- (in, with) + pira (experience, trial; πείρα), from the verb pirao (make an attempt, try, test, get experience, endeavour, attack; πειράω).
See also post 76.

From the same root
empiricism, empiricist, experience, experiment, expert, piral, piracy

In modern Greek
a) pira: experience, practice [πείρα]
b) pirama:
experiment [πείραμα]
c) empiria: experience, practice [εμπειρία]
d) empiricos:
empiric [εμπειρικός]

Η λέξη empirical (εμπειρικός) προέρχεται από το Λατινικό empiricus, το οποίο αποτελεί μεταγραφή του Ελληνικού εμπειρικός από το ρήμα πειρἀω.

Post 77.


In blogger: http://ewonago.blogspot.com/

Posted in E | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Etymology of ferocity – ferocious

Posted by Johannes on 18 February 2009

Etymology of ferocity
Ferocity
derives from the Latin ferocis, from fera/ferus (wild, savage), which is a transliteration of the Greek Aeolic form feros (φηρός) of theros (gen. of ther; wild animal, beast; θήρ)
_

From the same root:
ferocious, ferociously, ferociousness, fierce, fierceness, fiercely

_

In modern Greek

a) therio: wild beast [θηρίο]

b) theriodes: ferocious, savage [θηριώδης]

c) theriodia: ferocity, fierceness, atrocity [θηριωδία]

d) therama: prey [θήραμα]

Η λέξη ferocity (θηριωδία, αγριότητα) προέρχεται από το Λατινικό ferocis, από το fera/ferus (άγριος, θηριώδης), το οποίο αποτελεί μεταγραφή της Αιολικής μορφής φηρός του θηρός (γεν. του θήρ -θηρίο-)

Post 75.

 

In blogger: http://ewonago.blogspot.com/

Posted in F | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Etymology of Throne

Posted by Johannes on 1 February 2009

Etymology of throne
Throne derives from the Latin thronus, which is a transliteration of the Greek thronos (throne, chair, elevated seat; θρόνος) from the attic thranos (elevated seat, chair, lit. the seats of the upper line of oarsmen in the ancient ships called triremes. The oars in that line were bigger and longer and the duty of these oarsmen was more heavy; θράνος)
.
.
From the same root:
enthrone
.
.
In modern Greek
a) thronos: thone [θρόνος]
b) enthronizo: enthrone [ενθρονίζω]
c) thranio: desk, form [θρανίο]
.
.
Η λέξη Throne προέρχεται από Λατινικό thronus, το οποίο αποτελεί μεταγραφή του Ελληνικού θρόνος από το Αττικό θράνος (κάθισμα, εδρα, κυριολεκτικώς η άνω σειρά των κωπών τριήρους)

.

.

thranos (θράνος) –> thronos (θρόνος) –> thronus –> throne
Post 74.

 

In blogger: http://ewonago.blogspot.com/

Posted in T | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »