ENGLISH WORDS AND GREEK COGNATES.

Learn easily Greek via the linguistic relationships and the roots of the English words.

Archive for December, 2011

Etymology of super and over

Posted by Johannes on 10 December 2011

Both super and over come from the Latin super, which is related to the Greek yper/hyper [over, super; Gr: υπέρ].

In modern Greek:
a) yper: super, over, hyper- [Gr: υπέρ]

 

OED

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Etymology of triumph

Posted by Johannes on 10 December 2011

Triumph comes from the old French triumphe from the Latin triumphus (achievement, a success, procession for a victorious general or admiral), which merely is a transliteration of the Greek thriambos.

In modern Greek:
a) thriamvos: triumph [Gr: θρίαμβος]

OED

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Etymology of unity, union, unit

Posted by Johannes on 10 December 2011

The word unity comes from the French unite, from Latin unitatem, from unus (one), which is related to the Greek oenos (ace).

See also “Etymology of one” here.

From the same root: union, unit

OED

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Etymology of unique

Posted by Johannes on 10 December 2011

The word unique (single, solitary) comes from the French unique, from the Latin unicus (single, sole), from unus (one), which is related to the Greek oenos (ace).

 

See also “Etymology of one” here.

OED

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Etymology of one

Posted by Johannes on 10 December 2011

The word one comes from the Latin unus, which is related to the Greek oenos [one, ace in dice; Gr: οινός].

Note: Some etymologize unus from the gen. enos of eis [one; Gr: εις].

 

From the same root: unity, unique.

 

In modern Greek:
a) enas:
one [Gr: ένας]
b) enotita: unity [Gr: ενότητα]

OED

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Etymology of latex

Posted by Johannes on 3 December 2011

The word latex (liquid, body fluid) comes from the Latin latex (gen. laticis; liquid, fluid), which derives from the Greek latax (dregs, the remnant of wine flung into a vessel or on the ground; Gr: λάταξ).

In modern Greek:
a) latex: latex [loanword; Gr: λάτεξ]

OED
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Etymology of donation

Posted by Johannes on 3 December 2011

The word donation comes from the Old French donacion from the Latin donationem (nom. donatio) from donum/dorum (gift), which is related to the Greek doron [gift; Gr: δώρον].

From the same root: donate, donator, donatory

In modern Greek:
a) doro: gift [Gr: δώρο]
b) dorizo: donate, to make a gift [Gr: δωρίζω]
c) doritis: giver, donator [Gr: δωρητής]
d) dorea: donation, gift [Gr: δωρεά]
e) dorean: gratis, free (of charge) [Gr: δωρεάν]

OED
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