ENGLISH WORDS AND GREEK COGNATES.

Learn easily Greek via the linguistic relationships and the roots of the English words.

Posts Tagged ‘etymology of English words’

Etymology of milk

Posted by Johannes on 14 April 2020

Etymology of milk

The word milk comes from the Proto-Germanic meluk,  which is related to the Greek verb amelgo (to milk, to draw; αμέλγω).

 

From the same root

milk (Eng); Milche (Ger)

 

In modern Greek:

a) armego: to milk [αρμέγω]

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OED

Το αγγλικό MILK (γάλα), όπως και το γερμανικό αντίστοιχο Milche (γάλα) σχετίζονται με το ρήμα αμέλγω (αρμέγω).

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Etymology of cemetery

Posted by Johannes on 14 April 2020

CEMETARY derives from the Latin coemeterium from the Greek coemeterion [κοιμητήριον], which means the cemetery, the burial ground, the graveyard.

In modern Greek:

kemetery: cemetery [κοιμητήρι]

kemame: I sleep [κοιμάμαι]

OED

Η λέξη CEMETARY προέρχεται από την ελληνική λέξη “κοιμητήριον”

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Etymology of dean

Posted by Johannes on 30 August 2011

Dean comes from the old French deien, from the Latin decanus “head of a group of 10 monks in a monastery”, from earlier secular meaning “commander of 10 soldiers” (which was extended to civil administrators in the late empire), from the Greek decanos [Gr: δεκανός], from deca “ten”. College sense is from 1570s.
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In modern Greek:

a) deca: ten [Gr: δέκα]

b) deca-: deca- [Gr: δέκα-] (dec-athlon, deca-logue etc.)

c) decaneas: corporal, leader of ten soldiers [Gr: δεκανέας]

OED
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Etymology of cannon

Posted by Johannes on 2 January 2011

Origin of the word cannon
The word cannon comes from the old French canon, from the Italian cannone (large tube) from the Latin canna (reed, tube), which is related to the Greek canna (cane, reed; Gr: κάννα).

See also post 158 “Etymology of cane” here.
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In modern Greek:
a) cannoni: cannon [Gr: καννόνι]
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OED

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Etymology of cup

Posted by Johannes on 24 May 2010

Origin of cup
Cup comes from the Latin cupa/cuppa (hollow, cup), which is related to the Greek cype (hollow, cup; κύπη).
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From the same root:
English: cupel
French: coupe, cuve, cuvette
Italian: coppa, coppella
Spanish: copa, cuba, copela
German: Kupe
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In modern Greek:
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a) cypello: cup [κύπελλο]
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b) cupa: cup [κούπα]
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Η λέξη cup (κύπελλο) προέρχεται από το Λατινικό cupa/cuppa (κοιλότητα, κύπελλο), το οποίο σχετίζεται με το Ελληνικό κύπη (κοιλότητα, γούβα, κύπελλο).
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Etymology of pants, pantaloons

Posted by Johannes on 24 May 2010

Origin of pants, pantaloons
Pants is a shortened form of pantaloons. Pantaloons (kind of tights, trousers) derives from the French pantalon from the name of Pantaleone a hero of comedia dell’arte (16th century), who used to wear such trousers. The name Pantaleon is Greek and means “always a lion, in all things like a lion” [Panta- (always, all things) + –leon (lion)].
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Saint Pantaleon (the name later changed to Panteleimon – always mercyful, all-mercuful-) was martyred under the reign of Emperor Maximian (ca. 305 A.D.). He was a physician, and he dedicated his life to the suffering, the sick, the unfortunate and the needy. He treated all those who turned to him without charge, healing them in the name of Jesus Christ. More: here.
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Saint Panteleimon

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From the same root:

French: pantalon

Italian: pantalone

Spanish: pantalon

Turkish: pantolon

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In modern Greek:

a) pantaloni: pantaloon (loan word from It. pantalone) [πανταλόνι]

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b) panta: all, always [πάντα]. See the same pan- (all) in many words such as: pandemic, pandemonium, panacea, panegyric, panoply, panorama, pantheon, pantomime etc.

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c) eleimon: mercyful [ελεήμων]

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d) eleos: mercy [έλεος]

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OED

Η λέξη pant αποτελεί συντόμευση του pantaloon (πανταλόνι). Προέρχεται από το Γαλλικό pantalon από το όνομα Πανταλέων (Pantaleone) ενός χαρακτήρα της comedia dell’arte (16ος αιώνας), ο οποίος στα έργα φορούσε τέτοια πανταλόνια.

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Etymology of lion

Posted by Johannes on 24 May 2010

Origin of lion
The word lion comes from the old French lion from the Latin leo (lion), which is a trasliteration of the Greek leon (gen. leontos; lion; λέων).
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From the same root:
English: lioncel, lioness, lion-hearted
French: lion
Italian: leone, leonessa
Spanish: leon
German: Löwe
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In modern Greek:
a) liontari: lion [λιοντάρι]
b) leena: lioness [λέαινα]
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Η λέξη lion (λιοντάρι) προέρχεται από το Λατινικό leo (λιοντάρι), το οποίο αποτελεί μεταγραφή του Ελληνικού λέων.
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Etymology of mill

Posted by Johannes on 28 March 2010

Origin of mill
The word mill comes from the Latin mola (mill, millstone), which is is related to the Greek myle (mill, millstone; μύλη).
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From the same root
English:
millstone, miller
French: meule, molette, meunier
Italian: mola, mugnaio
Spanish: muela, moleta, molinero
German: Muhlstein, Muller
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In modern Greek:
a) milos:
mill [μύλος]
b) milopetra:
millstone [milo (mill)+ petra (stone); μυλόπετρα]
c) milonas: miller [μυλωνάς]
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OED

 

Η λέξη mill (μύλος) προέρχεται από το Λατινικό mola (μύλος), το οποίο σχετίζεται με το Ελληνικό μύλη.
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meule (μύλος), molette (τροχίσκος), meunier (μυλωνάς)
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Etymology of milk

Posted by Johannes on 28 March 2010

Origin of milk

The word milk comes from the Latin verb mulgeo (to milk), which is related to the Greek verb amelgo (to milk, to draw; αμέλγω).

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From the same root:
milk (Eng) & Milche (Ger)

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In modern Greek:
a) armego: to milk [αρμέγω]
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Το αγγλικό MILK (γάλα), όπως και το γερμανικό αντίστοιχο Milche (γάλα) σχετίζονται με το ρήμα αμέλγω, δηλαδή αρμέγω.

OED

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Etymology of oval, ovary

Posted by Johannes on 1 March 2010

Origin of oval, ovary

The word oval comes from the Latin ovalis (egg-shaped, literally of or pertaining to an egg) from ovum (egg), which is related to the Greek Aeolic form oFon (egg; ωFόν) of oon (egg; ωόν ).
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In modern Greek:

a) ootheque: ovary (oo-theque: lit. collection/library of eggs) [ωοθήκη]

b) oario: ovum [ωάριο]

c) ooides: ovoid, egg-shaped, oval [ωοειδές]
{Gr. ooides –> L. ovoides –> En. ovoid}

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OED
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From the same root:
ova, ovarian, ovate, ovoid, ovule, ovum
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Η λέξη oval προέρχεται από το λατινικό ovalis (ωοειδής), από το ovum (αβγό), το οποίο σχετίζεται με την Αιολική μορφή ωFόν του Ωόν (αβγό).
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