English Words of (Unexpected) Greek Origin.

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Archive for April, 2011

Etymology of cinema

Posted by Johannes on 3 April 2011

Origin of the word cinema .

The word cinema comes from the French cinéma, shortened from cinématographe, coined 1890s by Lumiere brothers, who invented it, from the Greek cinema (movement; better pronounced as kinima; Gr: κίνημα), from the verb cino (to move; better pronounced as kino; Gr: κινώ).
See also the post entitled “Etymology of cite” here.
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From the same root

 

English: cinematography, cinerama, cinemascope, kinetics, kinematics, kineto

 

French: cinema, cinematographe,

 

Italian: cinematografo,

 

Spanish: cine, cinematica,
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German: Kino, Kinematograph
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 In modern Greek (Romeika) 

 

a) cinema: cinema [Gr: σινεμά

 

b) kinima: movement [Gr: κίνημα]

 

c) cinimatographos (better pronounced as kinimatographos): cinema [Gr: κινηματογράφος]

 

d) kino: to move [Gr:κινώ]

 

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Post 177.

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See also: http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?search=cinema&searchmode=none

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Etymology of cite

Posted by Johannes on 3 April 2011

Origin of the word cite

The verb cite (to summon) comes from the Latin citare, from ciere, from cieo (to move, set in motion, stir, move), which is a transliteration of the Greek verb cieo/cineo (I move, stir, rouse, summon; Gr: κιέω/κιώ/κινέω).

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From the same root: 

 English: cinema, excite, incite, citation, recite, recital .

French: citer, citateur, inciter, reciter .

Italian: citare, citatire, incitare, recitare .

Spanish: citar, cita, excitar .

German: zitieren, Zitat .

In modern Greek (Romeika): .

a) cino (better pronounced as kino): move [Gr: κινώ] .

b) cinisi (better pronounced as kinisi; remember the related word kinetics): movement [Gr: κίνηση] .

c) tsitato: citation, a part of a text with an important message [Gr: τσιτάτο; loanword] .

d) cinema: cinema [Gr: σινεμά; loanword] .

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Post 176.

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Note (transl. of French): citer (αναφέρω), citateur (απάνθισμα ρητών), inciter (προτρέπω), reciter (απαγγέλω)._

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