ENGLISH WORDS AND GREEK COGNATES.

Learn easily Greek via the linguistic relationships and the roots of the English words.

Posts Tagged ‘etymology’

Etymology of latex

Posted by Johannes on 3 December 2011

The word latex (liquid, body fluid) comes from the Latin latex (gen. laticis; liquid, fluid), which derives from the Greek latax (dregs, the remnant of wine flung into a vessel or on the ground; Gr: λάταξ).

In modern Greek:
a) latex: latex [loanword; Gr: λάτεξ]

OED
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Etymology of myriad

Posted by Johannes on 11 September 2011

The word myriad comes from the old French myriade, from the Latin myrias (gen. myriadis) “ten thousand,” which id a transliteration of the Greek myrias (gen. myriados) [ten thousand; Gr: μυριάς].
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In modern Greek:
a) myriada: myriad [Gr: μυριάδα]

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Fr: myriade; It: miriade; Sp: miriada; Grm: Myriade

OED
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Etymology of camomile

Posted by Johannes on 23 January 2011

Origin of the word camomile

The word camomile comes from the French camomille from the Latin chamoemelon, which is a transliteration of the Greek chamaimelon [camomile, lit. earth-apple; Gr.: χαμαίμηλον] from chamai (on the ground; Gr: χαμαί) + melon (apple; Gr: μήλον). So called because of the apple-like scent of the plant.

In modern Greek:
a) hamοmili: camomile [Gr: χαμομήλι]
b) hamo: on the ground [Gr: χάμω]
c) milo: apple [Gr: μήλο]
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WKN

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Etymology of cannon

Posted by Johannes on 2 January 2011

Origin of the word cannon
The word cannon comes from the old French canon, from the Italian cannone (large tube) from the Latin canna (reed, tube), which is related to the Greek canna (cane, reed; Gr: κάννα).

See also post 158 “Etymology of cane” here.
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In modern Greek:
a) cannoni: cannon [Gr: καννόνι]
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OED

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Etymology of caramel

Posted by Johannes on 20 December 2010

Etymology of caramel

The word caramel comes from the Latin cannamellis from canna (cane) + mel/mellis(honey). Both words are related to the Greek words canna [cane; Gr: κάννα] and mel [honey; Gr: μέλι]

See also: Etymology of cane: here

In modern Greek:
a) caramela: caramel [Gr: καραμέλα; loanword]
b) meli: honey [Gr: μέλι]

OED1

OED2

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Etymology of the word pizza.

Posted by Johannes on 11 December 2010

Origin of the word pizza.
The word pizza comes from the Italian pizza, which most likely is related to the Greek word pitta (cake, pie) from pissa [pitch; Attic: pitta] from peptos (cooked).

In modern Greek:

a) pitsa : pizza [Gr: πίτσα]

b) pitta: pie [Gr: πίττα]

c) pitsaria: pizzeria [Gr: πιτσαρία]
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WKN

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Etymology of pedicure, pedestrian, pedicle, pedestal.

Posted by Johannes on 16 November 2010

Pedicure, care of feet, from the French pédicure, from the Latin pes (gen. pedis) “foot”, which is related to the Greek Aeolic pous (gen. podos) “foot” + and curare (care).

 

From the same root: pedestrian, pedicle, pedestal, pedicurist, pedicular, foot.

In modern Greek.
a) podi: foot [πόδι]
b) pezos: pedestrian [πεζός]

OED

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Etymology of cup

Posted by Johannes on 24 May 2010

Origin of cup
Cup comes from the Latin cupa/cuppa (hollow, cup), which is related to the Greek cype (hollow, cup; κύπη).
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From the same root:
English: cupel
French: coupe, cuve, cuvette
Italian: coppa, coppella
Spanish: copa, cuba, copela
German: Kupe
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In modern Greek:
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a) cypello: cup [κύπελλο]
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b) cupa: cup [κούπα]
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Η λέξη cup (κύπελλο) προέρχεται από το Λατινικό cupa/cuppa (κοιλότητα, κύπελλο), το οποίο σχετίζεται με το Ελληνικό κύπη (κοιλότητα, γούβα, κύπελλο).
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Etymology of pants, pantaloons

Posted by Johannes on 24 May 2010

Origin of pants, pantaloons
Pants is a shortened form of pantaloons. Pantaloons (kind of tights, trousers) derives from the French pantalon from the name of Pantaleone a hero of comedia dell’arte (16th century), who used to wear such trousers. The name Pantaleon is Greek and means “always a lion, in all things like a lion” [Panta- (always, all things) + –leon (lion)].
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Saint Pantaleon (the name later changed to Panteleimon – always mercyful, all-mercuful-) was martyred under the reign of Emperor Maximian (ca. 305 A.D.). He was a physician, and he dedicated his life to the suffering, the sick, the unfortunate and the needy. He treated all those who turned to him without charge, healing them in the name of Jesus Christ. More: here.
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Saint Panteleimon

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From the same root:

French: pantalon

Italian: pantalone

Spanish: pantalon

Turkish: pantolon

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In modern Greek:

a) pantaloni: pantaloon (loan word from It. pantalone) [πανταλόνι]

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b) panta: all, always [πάντα]. See the same pan- (all) in many words such as: pandemic, pandemonium, panacea, panegyric, panoply, panorama, pantheon, pantomime etc.

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c) eleimon: mercyful [ελεήμων]

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d) eleos: mercy [έλεος]

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OED

Η λέξη pant αποτελεί συντόμευση του pantaloon (πανταλόνι). Προέρχεται από το Γαλλικό pantalon από το όνομα Πανταλέων (Pantaleone) ενός χαρακτήρα της comedia dell’arte (16ος αιώνας), ο οποίος στα έργα φορούσε τέτοια πανταλόνια.

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Etymology of lion

Posted by Johannes on 24 May 2010

Origin of lion
The word lion comes from the old French lion from the Latin leo (lion), which is a trasliteration of the Greek leon (gen. leontos; lion; λέων).
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From the same root:
English: lioncel, lioness, lion-hearted
French: lion
Italian: leone, leonessa
Spanish: leon
German: Löwe
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In modern Greek:
a) liontari: lion [λιοντάρι]
b) leena: lioness [λέαινα]
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Η λέξη lion (λιοντάρι) προέρχεται από το Λατινικό leo (λιοντάρι), το οποίο αποτελεί μεταγραφή του Ελληνικού λέων.
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