Learn easily Greek via the linguistic relationships and the roots of the English words.

Archive for May, 2011

Etymology of albatross

Posted by Johannes on 25 May 2011

Origin of the word albatross.
The word albatross comes from the Portuguese alcatraz (pelican) from the Arabic al-câdous or al-ġaţţās (a pelican), from the Greek word kados [jar; Gr: κάδος ] in reference to the pelican’s pouch. The spelling was influenced by the Latin albus (white).

In modern Greek:
a) kados: jar [Gr: κάδος]
b) albatros: albatross [Gr: άλμπατρος; loanword].


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Etymology of anchovy

Posted by Johannes on 23 May 2011

Origin of the word anchovy.
The word anchovy comes from the Genoese anchova, most probably from the Latin apua (small fish) from the Greek aphye [small fry; Gr.: αφύη].

In modern Greek:
a) anchuyia: anchovy [Gr.: αντσούγια; loanword]

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Etymology of ampoule (ampul, ampulla)

Posted by Johannes on 14 May 2011

Word origin of ampoule (ampul, ampulla)

The word ampoule (small bottle or flask) comes from the Latin ampulla, a contracted form of amphora, which is a transliteration of the Greek amphorefs/amphora (vessel, flask, bottle; Gr: αμφορεύς)




In modern Greek:

 a) ampula: ampoule [Gr: αμπούλα; loanword]

 b) amphoreas: amphora [Gr: αμφορέας]



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Etymology of box

Posted by Johannes on 7 May 2011

Origin of the word box
The word box (wooden container) comes from the Latin buxis/buxus, which is a transliteration of the Greek pyxis/pyxos [box (the tree); Gr.: πύξος].

In modern Greek:
a) pyxida: compass [Gr: πυξίδα]
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Etymology of columbarium, Columbus. Saint Columba.

Posted by Johannes on 1 May 2011

Origin of the word columbarium, Columbus. Saint Columba.
A columbarium is a place for the respectful and usually public storage of cinerary urns, a vault with niches for urns containing the ashes of cremated bodies. The term comes from the Latin columba (dove, dovecote) and originally referred to compartmentalized housing for doves and pigeons. The word columba most probably is related to the Greek word colymbis [wild ducks or wild birds that use to dive into the see water; Gr.: κολυμβίς] from the verb colymbo (to dive, duck; Gr.: κολυμπώ).
From the same root:
Columbus [From the Greek Colymbos (diver), Gr.: κόλυμβος], Columbia, Colombia etc.

In modern Greek:

 a) colymbo: swim, bath [Gr.: κολυμπώ ]

b) colymbi (or colymbisi): swimming [Gr.: κολύμπι or κολύμβηση]

c) colymbitirio: swimming-pool, lido [Gr.: κολυμβυτήριο]

d) colymbitis: swimmer [Gr.: κολυμβητής]

e) colymbithra: font [Gr.: κολυμβήθρα]



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Saint Columba

 Saint Columba was a sixth-century Orthodox Irish saint, who founded an important monastery on the Scottish island of Iona.

In the early centuries of Christianity the name Columba was popular, because the “dove” is a Cristian symbol for the Holy Spirit and peace.

See more on Saint Columba at: http://stcolumbamonastery.org/about/our-patron/

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