Learn easily Greek via the linguistic relationships and the roots of the English words.

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Archive for January, 2009

Etymology of clinic

Posted by Johannes on 31 January 2009

Etymology of clinic

The word clinic derives from the Latin clinicus (a bedridden person, a physician attending such), which is a transliteration of the Greek clinicos (κλινικός) from clini (bed; κλίνη).


From the same root
clinical, policlinic


In modern Greek
a) clinici: clinic [κλινική]

b) clinicos: clinical [κλινικός]

c) clini: bed [κλίνη]

d) cliniris: bedridden, confined to one’s bed [κλινήρης]

e) clino: incline, slope [κλίνω]

f) clisi: inclination, bent [κλίση]


Η λέξη clinic (κλινική) προέρχεται από το Λατινικό clinicus, το οποίο αποτελεί μεταγραφή του Ελληνικού κλινικός από το κλίνη.

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Etymology of climate

Posted by Johannes on 31 January 2009

Etymology of climate
The word climate derives from the Latin clima (gen. climatis) “region, slope of the Earth,”, which is a transliteration of the Greek clima (region, zone; κλίμα)


From the same root
incline, decline, inclination, declension, declination, declivitous, declivity, climax, clinic


In modern Greek
1. clino : incline, slope, decline (grammar) [κλίνω]
2. clisi:
inclination bent, slope gradient, declension [κλίση ]
3. climax or climaka: scale, ladder [ κλίμαξ or κλίμακα]
4. apoclisi:
declination, devergency, deviation [απόκλιση ]
5. cliticos:
adj inflected [κλιτικός ]
6. clini : bed [κλίνη]
7. clinici : clinic [κλινική]
8. clima: climate [κλίμα ]


Η λέξη climate προέργεται από Λατινικό clima (γεν. climatis), από το ελληνικό κλίμα

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Etymology of fame

Posted by Johannes on 18 January 2009

Etymology of fame

Fame derives from the latin fama, which is related to the Greek doric form fama (fame; φάμα) of feme (fame; φήμη).

From the same root
Famed, famous

In modern Greek
a) feme: fame [φήμη]
b) femesmenos: famous [φημισμένος]


Η λέξη fame προέρχεται από το λατινικό fama, το οποίο σχετίζεται με τον δωρικό τύπο φάμα της λέξης φήμη.

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Etymology of laity

Posted by Johannes on 1 January 2009

Etymology of “laity”

The word laity (the body of religious worshipers, as distinguished from the clergy), comes from the French laite from the late Latin laicus, from the Greek laikos (of the people; λαϊκός) from laos (people; λαός).

From the same root:
Lay, layman

In modern Greek
a) laos:
people [λαός]
b) laikos: of the people, folk, vulgar [λαϊκός]


Η λέξη laity (οι λαικοί, οι κοσμικοί, το αμύητο κοινό), προέρχεται από το Γαλλικό laite from από το Λατινικό laicus, από το ελληνικό λαϊκός.

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