ENGLISH WORDS AND GREEK COGNATES.

Learn easily Greek via the linguistic relationships and the roots of the English words.

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Posts Tagged ‘Learn Greek using cognates’

Etymology of milk

Posted by Johannes on 14 April 2020

Etymology of milk

The word milk comes from the Proto-Germanic meluk,  which is related to the Greek verb amelgo (to milk, to draw; αμέλγω).

 

From the same root

milk (Eng); Milche (Ger)

 

In modern Greek:

a) armego: to milk [αρμέγω]

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OED

Το αγγλικό MILK (γάλα), όπως και το γερμανικό αντίστοιχο Milche (γάλα) σχετίζονται με το ρήμα αμέλγω (αρμέγω).

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Tags within the post: etymology of milk, origin of milk, etymologia des Milche, learn greek using cognates, learn Greek, etymology of Latin words, origin of Latin words, Origin of English words, etymology of English words, αμέλγω, αρμέγω, προέλευση αγγλικών λέξεων, ελληνική γλώσσα, προέλευση Λατινικών, Λατινικά, Ρωμαίικα, Greek language, english language

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Etymology of milk

Posted by Johannes on 28 March 2010

Origin of milk

The word milk comes from the Latin verb mulgeo (to milk), which is related to the Greek verb amelgo (to milk, to draw; αμέλγω).

.

.

From the same root:
milk (Eng) & Milche (Ger)

.

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In modern Greek:
a) armego: to milk [αρμέγω]
__

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Το αγγλικό MILK (γάλα), όπως και το γερμανικό αντίστοιχο Milche (γάλα) σχετίζονται με το ρήμα αμέλγω, δηλαδή αρμέγω.

OED

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Etymology of the word “toilet”

Posted by Johannes on 18 September 2009

Origin of the word “toilet”

Toilet comes from the French toilette (a cloth, bag for clothes) from toile (cloth, net). Sense evolution is to “act or process of dressing” and then “a dressing room”. Toile (older: teile) comes from the latin te(xe)la [fabric, cloth, textile] from the latin verb texo, which is related to the Greek verb tefho (fut. tefxo; weave, create, build, construct; τεύχω).
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From the same root:
towel, text, texture, toil
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In modern Greek:
a) architecton: architect [αρχικέκτων]
b) techni: mastery, workmanship, art [τέχνη]
c) technicos: technical [τεχνικός]
δ) tualeta: toilet, bathroom, dress (loan from English/French) [τουαλέτα]
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Η λέξη toilet προέρχεται από το γαλλικό toilette (ρούχο, ένδυμα) από το toile (ρούχο, δίκτυ), το οποίο με τη σειρά του προέρχεται από το λατινικό te(xe)la [ύφασμα, ένδυμα] από το ρήμα texo, το οποίο σχετίζεται με το ελληνικό ρήμα τεύχω (ποιώ, κατασκευάζω, υφαίνω, διαμορφώ, σχηματίζω.
Note: Some etymologize toilet from the unification of the Greek article “to” (the) with the substantive eileon (involucrum, wrapper; είλεον) from the Greek verb eilyo (originally: Felnyo; ειλύω), which means to surround, to encircle, to girdle. From this verb (eilyo) comes also the latin verb volvo (trundle, wheel, roll).
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Tags within the post: etymologie, etymology, etymology of English words, etymology of latin, etymology of toilet, etymology of towel, etymology of text, etymology of texture, etymology of toil, etymologie, origin of words, origin of English words, origin of latin, origin of toilet, etymology of towel, origin of text, origin of texture, origin of toil, teile, tela, texela, ειλύω, ετυμολογία, προέλευση των αγγλικών λέξεων, ετυμολογία των αγγλικών λέξεων, ρίζες των αγγλικών λέξεων, ετυμολογία των λατινικών, προέλευση των λατινικών λέξεων, learn Greek using cognates, learn greek online, learn Greek for free, learn modern Greek easily.

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Etymology of daughter

Posted by Johannes on 8 August 2009

Origin of daughter
 

The word daughter comes from the proto-German dhukter, which is related to the Greek thygater (daughter; θυγάτηρ).

 

In German: Tochter

In Swedish: dotter

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In modern Greek:
a) thygatera: daughter [θυγατέρα]

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OED

 

Η λέξη daughter (θυγατέρα, κόρη) προέρχεται από το πρωτο-Γερμανικό dhukter, το οποίο σχετίζεται το ελληνικό θυγάτηρ.

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daughter

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Etymology of emblem

Posted by Johannes on 23 July 2009

Origin of emblem

Emblem
derives from the latin emblema (inlaid ornamental work), which is a transliteration of the Greek emblema (embossed ornament, insertion; έμβλημα) from the verb emballo (to insert, lit.: to throw in, from em-: in + ballo/vallo: to throw, to put in; εμβάλλω).

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From the same root:

emblemize, ballistic, ballet

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In modern Greek:

a) emblema / emvlema: emblem [έμβλημα]

b) ballo / vallo: put, attack [βάλλω]

c) ballisticos/vallisticos: ballistic [βαλλιστικός]
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OED

Η λέξη emblem προέρχεται από το ελληνικό έμβλημα.

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Etymology of Alexander

Posted by Johannes on 23 July 2009

Etymology of Alexander.
Alexander is a masc. proper name. It is the latinized form of the Greek proper name Alexandros (lit.: defender of men; Αλέξανδρος), from the Greek verb alexo (to defend, to protect, to ward off, keep off, turn (something) away; αλέξω) and aner (man; ανήρ; gen. andros – ανδρός).

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From the same root:

English: Alexander, Alec, Alex, Alan, Ali, Al, Lex, Sandy, Andy, Alexis, Alexa (feminine), Alexandria (feminine), Alexandra (feminine), Sandra (feminine), Sasha, Lexxi, Zander, Xander, Sashi

Albanian: Skënder, Aleksandër, Aleks, Leka, Sandri

Arabic: Iskandar, Skandar, Skender

French: Alexandre, Alexis, Alex

Hebrew: Alexander), Alex

Hindi: Alakshendra

Italian: Alessandro, Ale, Sandro, Alessio

Persian: Eskandar

Romanian: Alexandru, Alexandra (feminine), Alex, Sandu, Sanda (feminine), Sandra (feminine), Alecu, Aleca (feminine), Sasa (feminine)

Russian: Aleksandr, Sasha, Shura, Sanya, Shurik, Sashok, Alik, Alexey

Spanish: Alejandro, Alejo, Alex, Jandro, Jano

Turkish: İskender

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In modern Greek:

a) Alexandros: Alexander [Αλέξανδρος]

b) andras: man [άνδρας]

c) androgyno: man and wife, married couple [andr- (man) + gyn- (woman)] [ανδρόγυνο]

d) alexiptoto: parachute [alex- + ptosi (fall)] [αλεξίπτωτο]

e) alexiptotistis: parachutist, paratrooper [αλεξιπτωτιστής]

f) alexisphero: bullet-proof [alex- + spher- (sphere, bullet)] [αλεξίσφαιρο]
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WKP

Το όνομα Alexander προέρχεται από ελληνικό Αλέξανδρος.

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Tags within the post:  etymology of Alexander, etymology of Alec, etymology of Alex, etymology of Alan, etymology of Ali, etymology of Al, etymology of Lex, etymology of Sandy, etymology of Andy, etymology of Alexis, etymology of Alexa, etymology of Alexandria, etymology of Alexandra , etymology of Sandra, etymology of Sasha, etymology of Lexxi, etymology of Zander, etymology of Xander, etymology of Sashi, etymology of Alexey, origin of Alexander, origin of Alexander, origin of Alec, origin of Alex, origin of Alan, origin of Ali, origin of Al, origin of Lex, origin of Sandy, origin of Andy, origin of Alexis, origin of Alexa, origin of Alexandria, origin of Alexandra , origin of Sandra, origin of Sasha, origin of Lexxi, origin of Zander, origin of Xander, origin of Sashi, origin of Alexey.

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Etymology of domus, domestic, domain.

Posted by Johannes on 12 April 2009

Etymology of domus, domestic, domain.
Domus
(house) is related to the Greek word domos (house, building; δόμος) from the verb demo (to built, to construct; δέμω).

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From the same root

English: domestic, dome, domination, dominion, don, dona, domicile, domain, dominus, predominance, danger etc.

French: dome, domicile, domicilier, don, domaine, domestique, domestiquer, domesticite, dominer, domination, dominance, Dimanche, Dame, dominion, domino, dangereux, etc.

Italian: duomo, domicilo, don, dominio, domestico, domesticare, dominare, dominazione, dominatore, predominio, Domenica, damo, damigiana etc

German: Dom, Domizil, Domane, dominieren, Dame etc

Hispanic: domicilio, domiciliar, don, dona, dominio, dueno, domestico, domesticar, domesticidad, dominar, dominacion, dominator, predominio, Domingo, doncella, damajuana etc.

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In modern Greek
a) domi: structure [δομή]
b) ecodomi:
construction, building [οικοδομή]
c) ecodomima:
building, structure [οικοδόμημα]
d) ecodomos:
builder [οικοδόμος]
e) ecodomo:
to build, to construct [οικοδομώ]

OED

Το Λατινικό domus (οικία) σχετίζεται με το Ελληνικό δόμος από το ρήμα δέμω (κτίζω, οικοδομώ).

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Etymology of experience, expert, experiment

Posted by Johannes on 22 February 2009

Etymology of experience
Experience comes from the Latin experientia from the verb experior from perior (try, attempt), which is related to the Greek verb peirao (try, attempt, test, get experience; πειράω).
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From the same root.
Expert, expertise, expertness, experiment, experienced, experientalism, experimentalize etc.
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In modern Greek
a) pira: experience, practice [πείρα]
b) pirama: experiment [πείραμα]
c) empiria: experience, practice [εμπειρία]
d) empiricos: empiric [εμπειρικός]
e) empiros: experienced, expert [έμπειρος]
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Η λέξη experience προέρχεται απο το Λατινικό experientia από το ρήμα experior (προσπαθώ, δοκιμάζω, αποκτώ εμπειρία), το οποίο σχετίζεται με το ελληνικό ρήμα πειράω.
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Etymology of clinic

Posted by Johannes on 31 January 2009

Etymology of clinic

The word clinic derives from the Latin clinicus (a bedridden person, a physician attending such), which is a transliteration of the Greek clinicos (κλινικός) from clini (bed; κλίνη).

 

From the same root
clinical, policlinic

 

In modern Greek
a) clinici: clinic [κλινική]

b) clinicos: clinical [κλινικός]

c) clini: bed [κλίνη]

d) cliniris: bedridden, confined to one’s bed [κλινήρης]

e) clino: incline, slope [κλίνω]

f) clisi: inclination, bent [κλίση]

OED

Η λέξη clinic (κλινική) προέρχεται από το Λατινικό clinicus, το οποίο αποτελεί μεταγραφή του Ελληνικού κλινικός από το κλίνη.

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Etymology of climate

Posted by Johannes on 31 January 2009

Etymology of climate
The word climate derives from the Latin clima (gen. climatis) “region, slope of the Earth,”, which is a transliteration of the Greek clima (region, zone; κλίμα)

 

From the same root
incline, decline, inclination, declension, declination, declivitous, declivity, climax, clinic

 

In modern Greek
1. clino : incline, slope, decline (grammar) [κλίνω]
2. clisi:
inclination bent, slope gradient, declension [κλίση ]
3. climax or climaka: scale, ladder [ κλίμαξ or κλίμακα]
4. apoclisi:
declination, devergency, deviation [απόκλιση ]
5. cliticos:
adj inflected [κλιτικός ]
6. clini : bed [κλίνη]
7. clinici : clinic [κλινική]
8. clima: climate [κλίμα ]

OED

Η λέξη climate προέργεται από Λατινικό clima (γεν. climatis), από το ελληνικό κλίμα

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