English Words of (Unexpected) Greek Origin.

Learn easily Greek using the roots of the English words.

Archive for July, 2009

Etymology of emblem

Posted by Johannes on 23 July 2009

Origin of emblem

Emblem
derives from the latin emblema (inlaid ornamental work), which is a transliteration of the Greek emblema (embossed ornament, insertion; έμβλημα) from the verb emballo (to insert, lit.: to throw in, from em-: in + ballo/vallo: to throw, to put in; εμβάλλω).

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From the same root:

emblemize, ballistic, ballet

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In modern Greek (Romeika)

a) emblema / emvlema: emblem [έμβλημα]

b) ballo / vallo: put, attack [βάλλω]

c) ballisticos/vallisticos: ballistic [βαλλιστικός]
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Η λέξη emblem προέρχεται από το ελληνικό έμβλημα.

Post 106.
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etymology of emblem, etymology of emblemize, etymology of ballistic, etymology of ballet, origin of emblem, origin of emblemize, origin of ballistic, origin of ballet, ετυμολογία του εμβλήματος, εμβάλλω, learn Greek using cognates, origin of Latin, origin of English, ετυμολογία.

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Etymology of Agnes

Posted by Johannes on 23 July 2009

Origin of Agnes.
Agnes is the latinized form of the Greek name Agne (Αγνή), which derives from the Greek adj agnos (chaste, pure, clean; αγνός).

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In modern Greek (Romeika)

a) agnos: masc. adj. chaste, pure, clean [αγνός]

b) agne: fem. adj. chaste, pure, clean [αγνή]

c) agnia: chastity, purity [αγνεία]
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Το όνομα Agnes προέρχεται από το εληνικό όνομα Αγνή.
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Post 105.

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Etymology of borough, -burg, bourgeois, burglar

Posted by Johannes on 23 July 2009

Etymology of borough, -burg, bourgeois, burglar

The word borough and the widely used ending -burg derives from the Latin burgus (fortress, castle, fortified city), which is a transliteration of the Greek word pyrgos (burgus, fortress, castle; πύργος; see “Αίας πύργος Αχαιοίς”). Pyrgos is related to Pergamon (Πέργαμα Τροίας, Pergama Trias – citadel of  Troy).

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From the same root:
borough, -burg, -burgh, burglar, bourgeois, burgess, burgh, burgher

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In modern Greek (Romeika)

  a) pyrgos: tower, castle, fortress [πύργος]
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 b) pyrgono: fortify [πυργώνω]
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c) Pergamos: the city of Pergamos (Bergama) in the Aegean coast of Asia Minor [Πέργαμος]

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Η λέξη borough (πόλη, δήμος) καθώς και η εκτενώς χρησιμοποιούμενη κατάληξη -burg προέρχεται από το λατινικό burgus (πύργος, κάστρο, οχυρωμένη πόλη), το οποίο αποτελεί μεταγραφή του ελληνικού πύργος.
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Post 104.

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etymology of burgus, etymology of borough, etymology of -burg, etymology of -burgh, etymology of burglar, etymology of burgess, etymology of burgh, etymology of burgher, origin of burgus, origin of borough, origin of -burg, origin of -burgh, origin of burglar, origin of burgess, origin of burgh, origin of burgher, etym0ology of bourgeois, origin of bourgeois.

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Etymology of Alexander

Posted by Johannes on 23 July 2009

Etymology of Alexander.
Alexander is a masc. proper name. It is the latinized form of the Greek proper name Alexandros (lit.: defender of men; Αλέξανδρος), from the Greek verb alexo (to defend, to protect, to ward off, keep off, turn (something) away; αλέξω) and aner (man; ανήρ; gen. andros – ανδρός).

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From the same root:

English: Alexander, Alec, Alex, Alan, Ali, Al, Lex, Sandy, Andy, Alexis, Alexa (feminine), Alexandria (feminine), Alexandra (feminine), Sandra (feminine), Sasha, Lexxi, Zander, Xander, Sashi

Albanian: Skënder, Aleksandër, Aleks, Leka, Sandri

Arabic: Iskandar, Skandar, Skender

French: Alexandre, Alexis, Alex

Hebrew: Alexander), Alex

Hindi: Alakshendra

Italian: Alessandro, Ale, Sandro, Alessio

Persian: Eskandar

Romanian: Alexandru, Alexandra (feminine), Alex, Sandu, Sanda (feminine), Sandra (feminine), Alecu, Aleca (feminine), Sasa (feminine)

Russian: Aleksandr, Sasha, Shura, Sanya, Shurik, Sashok, Alik, Alexey

Spanish: Alejandro, Alejo, Alex, Jandro, Jano

Turkish: İskender

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In modern Greek (Romeika)

a) Alexandros: Alexander [Αλέξανδρος]

b) andras: man [άνδρας]

c) androgyno: man and wife, married couple [andr- (man) + gyn- (woman)] [ανδρόγυνο]

d) alexiptoto: parachute [alex- + ptosi (fall)] [αλεξίπτωτο]

e) alexiptotistis: parachutist, paratrooper [αλεξιπτωτιστής]

f) alexisphero: bullet-proof [alex- + spher- (sphere, bullet)] [αλεξίσφαιρο]
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Το όνομα Alexander προέρχεται από ελληνικό Αλέξανδρος.


Post: 103.


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etymology of Alexander, etymology of Alec, etymology of Alex, etymology of Alan, etymology of Ali, etymology of Al, etymology of Lex, etymology of Sandy, etymology of Andy, etymology of Alexis, etymology of Alexa, etymology of Alexandria, etymology of Alexandra , etymology of Sandra, etymology of Sasha, etymology of Lexxi, etymology of Zander, etymology of Xander, etymology of Sashi, etymology of Alexey, origin of Alexander, origin of Alexander, origin of Alec, origin of Alex, origin of Alan, origin of Ali, origin of Al, origin of Lex, origin of Sandy, origin of Andy, origin of Alexis, origin of Alexa, origin of Alexandria, origin of Alexandra , origin of Sandra, origin of Sasha, origin of Lexxi, origin of Zander, origin of Xander, origin of Sashi, origin of Alexey.

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Etymology of tree

Posted by Johannes on 23 July 2009

Etymology of tree
The word tree derives from the the Greek word drys-drees (oak; δρυς) by chanching D into T. During ancient times oak was the wood that was usually used.

From the same root:
Druid, duration, endure, durable

In modern Greek (Romeika).
a) drees: oak, quercus [δρυς]
b) dreenos: adj oak, oaken [δρύινος]
c) dendro: tree [δένδρο]
d) dore: pike, spear [δόρυ]
e) dreemos: forest [δρυμός]
f) Dreedes: Druid [Δρυίδης]

Η λέξη tree προέρχεται από τή λέξη δρυς. Η δρυς ήταν το ξύλο εκείνο το οποίο χρησιμοποιούνταν κατά κύριο λόγο στην αρχαιότητα.

 
Post 102.
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See also: http://omileiteeuropaika.blogspot.com/

 

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Etymology of tree, etymology of Druid, etymology of duration, etymology of endure, etymology of durable, origin of tree, origin of Druid, origin of duration, origin of endure, origin of durable

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Etymology of Agatha

Posted by Johannes on 23 July 2009

Etymology of Agatha
The fem. proper name Agatha is the latinized form of the Greek name Agathe (Αγάθη), which derives from the Greek adjective agathos (good, virtuous, decent, honest; αγαθός).
Saint Agatha was a 3rd-century martyr from Sicily.

In modern Greek (Romeika)
a) agathos: good, virtuous, decent, honest [αγαθός]
b) agathoergia: charity, do good works (agatho-ergo: good work); [αγαθοεργία]
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Το όνομα Agatha προέρχεται από Ελληνικό Αγάθη από το επίθετο αγαθός.
Η Αγία Αγάθη μάρτυρησε τον γ΄αιώνα στη Σικελία.

Post 101.
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Origin of Agatha; Etymology of Agatha;

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Etymology of anchoret

Posted by Johannes on 12 July 2009

Etymology of anchoret
The word anchoret (a person who lives alone and apart from society; hermit) comes from the Latin anachoreta, which is a transliteration of the Greek anachoretis (anchoret; αναχωρητής ) from the verb anachoro (leave; ana+choro; αναχωρώ)

From the same root:
anchoress; anchorite, anachoretisism; anchorage

In modern Greek (Romeika)
a) anachoretis: anchoret, hermit (αναχωρητής)
b) anachoro: leave; depart, set out/off (αναχωρώ)
c) anachoritismos: anachoretisism (αναχωρητισμός)
d) anachorisi: departure (αναχώρηση)

Η λέξη anchoret (αναχωρητής) προέρχεται από το Λατινικό anachoreta, το οποίο αποτελεί μεταγραφή του Ελληνικού αναχωρητής

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Etymology of anchoret etymology of anchoress; etymology of anchorite, etymology of anachoretisism, etymology of anchorage, etymology of English, learn easily Greek using cognates, origin of anchoret, origin of anchoress; origin of anchorite, origin of anachoretisism, origin of anchorage, origin of English, origin of Latin.

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Etymology of toll

Posted by Johannes on 12 July 2009

Etymology of toll
The word toll (tax, fee) derives from the late Latin tolonium from the Latin telonium (tollhouse), which is a transliteration of the Greek telonion (tollhouse; τελωνείον), from telos (tax, fee, end, aim; τέλος).

From the same root:
tollage, toll- (-house, -booth, -gate)

In modern Greek (Romeika)
a) telos: toll (τέλος)
b) telonio: customs, custom-house (τελωνείο)
c) teloniakos: customs inspector (τελωνειακός, τελώνης)

Η λέξη toll (τέλος) προέρχεται από το Λατινικό tolonium από το το telonium (τελωνείο), το οποίο αποτελεί μεταγραφή του Ελληνικού τελωνείον από το τέλος.

Post 99.
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Etymology of toll, ετυμολογία, τέλος, τελωνείο, etymology of Latin, etymology of English words, learn easily Greek using cognates, etymology of tollage, etymology of tollhouse, etymology of tolbooth, etymology of tollgate, etymologie, etymologia, origin of toll, ετυμολογία, origin of Latin, origin of English words, origin of tollage, origin of tollhouse, origin of tolbooth, origin of tollgate

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Etymology of Peter

Posted by Johannes on 12 July 2009

Etymology of Peter
The proper name Peter derives from the Greek name Petros from petra (stone, rock; πέτρα) implying the endurance and steadiness of the character (steady as a rock).

From the same root:
Other languages: It. Pietro, Sp. Pedro, Fr. Pierre etc
Surnames: Pierce, Pearson, Parkin, Perkin etc
Common words: petrify, petro-, petroleum, petrol, petrolatum, petrology.


In modern Greek (Romeika).
a) Petros: Peter (Πέτρος)
b) petra: stone, rock (πέτρα)
c) petreleo: petroleum (πετρέλαιο)
d) petrinos: stony, rocky (πέτρινος)
e)petrono:
petrify (πετρώνω)

Το όνομα Peter (Πέτρος) προέρχεται από το Ελληνικό Πέτρος.

Post 98.
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etymology of Peter, etymology of Pietro, etymology of Pedro, etymology of Pierre, etymology of Pierce, etymology of Pearson, etymology of Parkin, etymology of Perkin, etymology of petrify, etymology of petro-, etymology of petroleum, etymology of petrol, etymology of petrolatum, etymology of petrology, etymologie de Pierre, origin of Peter, origin of Pietro, origin of Pedro, origin of Pierre, origin of Pierce, origin of Pearson, origin of Parkin, origin of Perkin, origin of petrify, origin of petro-, origin of petroleum, origin of petrol, origin of petrolatum, origin of petrology.

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