ENGLISH WORDS AND GREEK COGNATES.

Learn easily Greek via the linguistic relationships and the roots of the English words.

Archive for July, 2009

Etymology of emblem

Posted by Johannes on 23 July 2009

Origin of emblem

Emblem
derives from the latin emblema (inlaid ornamental work), which is a transliteration of the Greek emblema (embossed ornament, insertion; έμβλημα) from the verb emballo (to insert, lit.: to throw in, from em-: in + ballo/vallo: to throw, to put in; εμβάλλω).

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From the same root:

emblemize, ballistic, ballet

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In modern Greek:

a) emblema / emvlema: emblem [έμβλημα]

b) ballo / vallo: put, attack [βάλλω]

c) ballisticos/vallisticos: ballistic [βαλλιστικός]
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OED

Η λέξη emblem προέρχεται από το ελληνικό έμβλημα.

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Etymology of Agnes

Posted by Johannes on 23 July 2009

Origin of Agnes.
Agnes is the latinized form of the Greek name Agne (Αγνή), which derives from the Greek adj agnos (chaste, pure, clean; αγνός).

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In modern Greek (Romeika)

a) agnos: masc. adj. chaste, pure, clean [αγνός]

b) agne: fem. adj. chaste, pure, clean [αγνή]

c) agnia: chastity, purity [αγνεία]
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Το όνομα Agnes προέρχεται από το εληνικό όνομα Αγνή.
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Post 105.

In blogger:http://ewonago.blogspot.com/

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Etymology of borough, -burg, bourgeois, burglar

Posted by Johannes on 23 July 2009

Etymology of borough, -burg, bourgeois, burglar

The word borough and the widely used ending -burg derives from the Latin burgus (fortress, castle, fortified city), which is related to the Greek words pyrgos (burgus, fortress, castle; πύργος; see “Αίας πύργος Αχαιοίς”) and Pergamon (Πέργαμα Τροίας, Pergama Trias – citadel of  Troy).

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From the same root:
borough, -burg, -burgh, burglar, bourgeois, burgess, burgh, burgher

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In modern Greek:

  a) pyrgos: tower, castle, fortress [πύργος]
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 b) pyrgono: fortify [πυργώνω]
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c) Pergamos: the city of Pergamos (Bergama) in the Aegean coast of Asia Minor [Πέργαμος]

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Η λέξη borough (πόλη, δήμος) καθώς και η εκτενώς χρησιμοποιούμενη κατάληξη -burg προέρχεται από το λατινικό burgus (πύργος, κάστρο, οχυρωμένη πόλη), το οποία σχετίζονται με τά ελληνικά πύργος καί Πέργαμος.
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Etymology of Alexander

Posted by Johannes on 23 July 2009

Etymology of Alexander.
Alexander is a masc. proper name. It is the latinized form of the Greek proper name Alexandros (lit.: defender of men; Αλέξανδρος), from the Greek verb alexo (to defend, to protect, to ward off, keep off, turn (something) away; αλέξω) and aner (man; ανήρ; gen. andros – ανδρός).

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From the same root:

English: Alexander, Alec, Alex, Alan, Ali, Al, Lex, Sandy, Andy, Alexis, Alexa (feminine), Alexandria (feminine), Alexandra (feminine), Sandra (feminine), Sasha, Lexxi, Zander, Xander, Sashi

Albanian: Skënder, Aleksandër, Aleks, Leka, Sandri

Arabic: Iskandar, Skandar, Skender

French: Alexandre, Alexis, Alex

Hebrew: Alexander), Alex

Hindi: Alakshendra

Italian: Alessandro, Ale, Sandro, Alessio

Persian: Eskandar

Romanian: Alexandru, Alexandra (feminine), Alex, Sandu, Sanda (feminine), Sandra (feminine), Alecu, Aleca (feminine), Sasa (feminine)

Russian: Aleksandr, Sasha, Shura, Sanya, Shurik, Sashok, Alik, Alexey

Spanish: Alejandro, Alejo, Alex, Jandro, Jano

Turkish: İskender

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In modern Greek:

a) Alexandros: Alexander [Αλέξανδρος]

b) andras: man [άνδρας]

c) androgyno: man and wife, married couple [andr- (man) + gyn- (woman)] [ανδρόγυνο]

d) alexiptoto: parachute [alex- + ptosi (fall)] [αλεξίπτωτο]

e) alexiptotistis: parachutist, paratrooper [αλεξιπτωτιστής]

f) alexisphero: bullet-proof [alex- + spher- (sphere, bullet)] [αλεξίσφαιρο]
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WKP

Το όνομα Alexander προέρχεται από ελληνικό Αλέξανδρος.

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Etymology of tree

Posted by Johannes on 23 July 2009

Etymology of tree
The word tree is related to the Greek word drys-drees (oak; δρυς). During ancient times oak was the wood that was usually used.

From the same root:
Druid, duration, endure, durable

In modern Greek (Romeika).
a) drees: oak, quercus [δρυς]
b) dreenos: adj oak, oaken [δρύινος]
c) dendro: tree [δένδρο]
d) dore: pike, spear [δόρυ]
e) dreemos: forest [δρυμός]
f) Dreedes: Druid [Δρυίδης]

 

OED

Η λέξη tree σχετίζεται με τή λέξη δρυς. Η δρυς ήταν το ξύλο εκείνο το οποίο χρησιμοποιούνταν κατά κύριο λόγο στην αρχαιότητα.

 
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Etymology of Agatha

Posted by Johannes on 23 July 2009

Etymology of Agatha
The fem. proper name Agatha is the latinized form of the Greek name Agathe (Αγάθη), which derives from the Greek adjective agathos (good, virtuous, decent, honest; αγαθός).
Saint Agatha was a 3rd-century martyr from Sicily.

In modern Greek: 
a) agathos: good, virtuous, decent, honest [αγαθός]
b) agathoergia: charity, do good works (agatho-ergo: good work); [αγαθοεργία]

WKP
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Το όνομα Agatha προέρχεται από Ελληνικό Αγάθη από το επίθετο αγαθός.
Η Αγία Αγάθη μάρτυρησε τον γ΄αιώνα στη Σικελία.

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Etymology of anchoret

Posted by Johannes on 12 July 2009

Etymology of anchoret
The word anchoret (a person who lives alone and apart from society; hermit) comes from the Latin anachoreta, which is a transliteration of the Greek anachoretis (anchoret; αναχωρητής ) from the verb anachoro (leave; ana+choro; αναχωρώ)

From the same root:
anchoress; anchorite, anachoretisism; anchorage

In modern Greek:
a) anachoretis: anchoret, hermit (αναχωρητής)
b) anachoro: leave; depart, set out/off (αναχωρώ)
c) anachoritismos: anachoretisism (αναχωρητισμός)
d) anachorisi: departure (αναχώρηση)

Η λέξη anchoret (αναχωρητής) προέρχεται από το Λατινικό anachoreta, το οποίο αποτελεί μεταγραφή του Ελληνικού αναχωρητής

WKP

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Etymology of toll

Posted by Johannes on 12 July 2009

Etymology of toll
The word toll (tax, fee) derives from the late Latin tolonium from the Latin telonium (tollhouse), which is a transliteration of the Greek telonion (tollhouse; τελωνείον), from telos (tax, fee, end, aim; τέλος).

From the same root:
tollage, toll- (-house, -booth, -gate)

In modern Greek:
a) telos: toll (τέλος)
b) telonio: customs, custom-house (τελωνείο)
c) teloniakos: customs inspector (τελωνειακός, τελώνης)

Η λέξη toll (τέλος) προέρχεται από το Λατινικό tolonium από το το telonium (τελωνείο), το οποίο αποτελεί μεταγραφή του Ελληνικού τελωνείον από το τέλος.

OED

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Etymology of Peter

Posted by Johannes on 12 July 2009

Etymology of Peter
The proper name Peter derives from the Greek name Petros from petra (stone, rock; πέτρα) implying the endurance and steadiness of the character (steady as a rock).

From the same root:
Other languages: It. Pietro, Sp. Pedro, Fr. Pierre etc
Surnames: Pierce, Pearson, Parkin, Perkin etc
Common words: petrify, petro-, petroleum, petrol, petrolatum, petrology.

In modern Greek:
a) Petros: Peter (Πέτρος)
b) petra: stone, rock (πέτρα)
c) petreleo: petroleum (πετρέλαιο)
d) petrinos: stony, rocky (πέτρινος)
e)petrono:
petrify (πετρώνω)

Το όνομα Peter (Πέτρος) προέρχεται από το Ελληνικό Πέτρος.

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