English Words of (Unexpected) Greek Origin.

Learn easily Greek using the roots of the English words.

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Etymology of borough, -burg, bourgeois, burglar

Posted by Johannes on 23 July 2009

Etymology of borough, -burg, bourgeois, burglar

The word borough and the widely used ending -burg derives from the Latin burgus (fortress, castle, fortified city), which is a transliteration of the Greek word pyrgos (burgus, fortress, castle; πύργος; see “Αίας πύργος Αχαιοίς”). Pyrgos is related to Pergamon (Πέργαμα Τροίας, Pergama Trias – citadel of  Troy).


From the same root:
borough, -burg, -burgh, burglar, bourgeois, burgess, burgh, burgher


In modern Greek (Romeika)

  a) pyrgos: tower, castle, fortress [πύργος]

 b) pyrgono: fortify [πυργώνω]
c) Pergamos: the city of Pergamos (Bergama) in the Aegean coast of Asia Minor [Πέργαμος]


Η λέξη borough (πόλη, δήμος) καθώς και η εκτενώς χρησιμοποιούμενη κατάληξη -burg προέρχεται από το λατινικό burgus (πύργος, κάστρο, οχυρωμένη πόλη), το οποίο αποτελεί μεταγραφή του ελληνικού πύργος.

Post 104.

In blogger: http://ewonago.blogspot.com/

Tags within the post.
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