ENGLISH WORDS AND GREEK COGNATES.

Learn easily Greek via the linguistic relationships and the roots of the English words.

Posts Tagged ‘origin of English words’

Etymology of milk

Posted by Johannes on 14 April 2020

Etymology of milk

The word milk comes from the Proto-Germanic meluk,  which is related to the Greek verb amelgo (to milk, to draw; αμέλγω).

 

From the same root

milk (Eng); Milche (Ger)

 

In modern Greek:

a) armego: to milk [αρμέγω]

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OED

Το αγγλικό MILK (γάλα), όπως και το γερμανικό αντίστοιχο Milche (γάλα) σχετίζονται με το ρήμα αμέλγω (αρμέγω).

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Etymology of austere

Posted by Johannes on 4 March 2011

Origin of the word austere

Austere comes from the Latin austerus (dry, harsh), which is a transliteration of the Greek austeros (bitter, harsh; Gr.: αυστηρός).
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From the same root: austerity
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In modern Greek:
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a) afsteros: austere [Gr: αυστηρός]
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b) afsterotita: austerity [Gr.: αυστηρότητα]
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Etymology of cinnamon

Posted by Johannes on 27 February 2011

Origin of the word cinnamon

The word cinnamon comes from the old French cinnamone from the Latin cinnamomum/cinnamum (cinnamon) [also used as a term of endearment], which is a transliteration of the Greek cinnamomon (cinnamon; Gr.: κιννάμωμον).
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Etymology of disaster

Posted by Johannes on 19 February 2011

Origin of the word disaster

The word disaster comes from the Middle French désastre from the old Italian disastro, which  comes from the Greek pejorative prefix dis– (bad; Gr: δυσ-) + aster (star; Gr: ἀστήρ). So disaster lit. means “bad star”. The sense is astrological, of a calamity blamed on an unfavorable position of a planet.


In modern Greek:
a) asteri or aster: star [Gr: αστέρι or αστήρ]

OED

WKP

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Etymology of chameleon

Posted by Johannes on 19 February 2011

Origin of the word chameleon
The word chameleon comes from the Latin chamaeleon, which is a transliteration of the Greek chamaileon from chamai (on the ground; Gr: χαμαί] + leon [lion; Gr: λέων].

 

In modern Greek:
a) hameleon: chameleon [Gr: χαμαιλέων]
b) hamo: on the ground [Gr: χάμω]
c) leon or liontari: lion [Gr: λέων or λιοντάρι]

OED
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Etymology of cup

Posted by Johannes on 24 May 2010

Origin of cup
Cup comes from the Latin cupa/cuppa (hollow, cup), which is related to the Greek cype (hollow, cup; κύπη).
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From the same root:
English: cupel
French: coupe, cuve, cuvette
Italian: coppa, coppella
Spanish: copa, cuba, copela
German: Kupe
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In modern Greek:
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a) cypello: cup [κύπελλο]
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b) cupa: cup [κούπα]
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Η λέξη cup (κύπελλο) προέρχεται από το Λατινικό cupa/cuppa (κοιλότητα, κύπελλο), το οποίο σχετίζεται με το Ελληνικό κύπη (κοιλότητα, γούβα, κύπελλο).
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Etymology of pants, pantaloons

Posted by Johannes on 24 May 2010

Origin of pants, pantaloons
Pants is a shortened form of pantaloons. Pantaloons (kind of tights, trousers) derives from the French pantalon from the name of Pantaleone a hero of comedia dell’arte (16th century), who used to wear such trousers. The name Pantaleon is Greek and means “always a lion, in all things like a lion” [Panta- (always, all things) + –leon (lion)].
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Saint Pantaleon (the name later changed to Panteleimon – always mercyful, all-mercuful-) was martyred under the reign of Emperor Maximian (ca. 305 A.D.). He was a physician, and he dedicated his life to the suffering, the sick, the unfortunate and the needy. He treated all those who turned to him without charge, healing them in the name of Jesus Christ. More: here.
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Saint Panteleimon

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From the same root:

French: pantalon

Italian: pantalone

Spanish: pantalon

Turkish: pantolon

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In modern Greek:

a) pantaloni: pantaloon (loan word from It. pantalone) [πανταλόνι]

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b) panta: all, always [πάντα]. See the same pan- (all) in many words such as: pandemic, pandemonium, panacea, panegyric, panoply, panorama, pantheon, pantomime etc.

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c) eleimon: mercyful [ελεήμων]

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d) eleos: mercy [έλεος]

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OED

Η λέξη pant αποτελεί συντόμευση του pantaloon (πανταλόνι). Προέρχεται από το Γαλλικό pantalon από το όνομα Πανταλέων (Pantaleone) ενός χαρακτήρα της comedia dell’arte (16ος αιώνας), ο οποίος στα έργα φορούσε τέτοια πανταλόνια.

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Etymology of lion

Posted by Johannes on 24 May 2010

Origin of lion
The word lion comes from the old French lion from the Latin leo (lion), which is a trasliteration of the Greek leon (gen. leontos; lion; λέων).
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From the same root:
English: lioncel, lioness, lion-hearted
French: lion
Italian: leone, leonessa
Spanish: leon
German: Löwe
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In modern Greek:
a) liontari: lion [λιοντάρι]
b) leena: lioness [λέαινα]
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Η λέξη lion (λιοντάρι) προέρχεται από το Λατινικό leo (λιοντάρι), το οποίο αποτελεί μεταγραφή του Ελληνικού λέων.
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Etymology of mill

Posted by Johannes on 28 March 2010

Origin of mill
The word mill comes from the Latin mola (mill, millstone), which is is related to the Greek myle (mill, millstone; μύλη).
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From the same root
English:
millstone, miller
French: meule, molette, meunier
Italian: mola, mugnaio
Spanish: muela, moleta, molinero
German: Muhlstein, Muller
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In modern Greek:
a) milos:
mill [μύλος]
b) milopetra:
millstone [milo (mill)+ petra (stone); μυλόπετρα]
c) milonas: miller [μυλωνάς]
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OED

 

Η λέξη mill (μύλος) προέρχεται από το Λατινικό mola (μύλος), το οποίο σχετίζεται με το Ελληνικό μύλη.
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meule (μύλος), molette (τροχίσκος), meunier (μυλωνάς)
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Etymology of milk

Posted by Johannes on 28 March 2010

Origin of milk

The word milk comes from the Latin verb mulgeo (to milk), which is related to the Greek verb amelgo (to milk, to draw; αμέλγω).

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From the same root:
milk (Eng) & Milche (Ger)

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In modern Greek:
a) armego: to milk [αρμέγω]
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Το αγγλικό MILK (γάλα), όπως και το γερμανικό αντίστοιχο Milche (γάλα) σχετίζονται με το ρήμα αμέλγω, δηλαδή αρμέγω.

OED

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