ENGLISH WORDS AND GREEK COGNATES.

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Etymology of milk

Posted by Johannes on 14 April 2020

Etymology of milk

The word milk comes from the Proto-Germanic meluk,  which is related to the Greek verb amelgo (to milk, to draw; αμέλγω).

 

From the same root

milk (Eng); Milche (Ger)

 

In modern Greek:

a) armego: to milk [αρμέγω]

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OED

Το αγγλικό MILK (γάλα), όπως και το γερμανικό αντίστοιχο Milche (γάλα) σχετίζονται με το ρήμα αμέλγω (αρμέγω).

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Etymology of macaroni

Posted by Johannes on 14 April 2020

Etymology of macaroni

The word MACARONI derives from the southern Italian dialect word macceroni (pl. of maccarone) from maccare, which is related to the Greek macariaa food made from barley.

In modern Greek

macaroni: macaroni, pasta (μακαρόνι)

OED

Η λέξη MACARONI προέρχεται από τη λέξη της διαλέκτου της νοτίου Ιταλίας macceroni (από το maccare) η οποία σχετίζεται με την ελληνική λέξη μακαρία, που ήταν φαγητό φτιαγμένο από κριθάρι.

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Etymology of myriad

Posted by Johannes on 11 September 2011

The word myriad comes from the old French myriade, from the Latin myrias (gen. myriadis) “ten thousand,” which id a transliteration of the Greek myrias (gen. myriados) [ten thousand; Gr: μυριάς].
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In modern Greek:
a) myriada: myriad [Gr: μυριάδα]

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Fr: myriade; It: miriade; Sp: miriada; Grm: Myriade

OED
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Etymology of mandolin

Posted by Johannes on 30 August 2011

Mandolin comes from the French mandoline, from the Italian mandolino, diminutive of mandola, a larger kind of mandolin, altered from the Latin pandura (a three-stringed lute), which is transliteration of the Greek pandura.

See also post 186 (etymology of banjo).


In modern Greek:

a) mandolino: mandolin [Gr: μαντολίνο; loanword]

OED

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Etymology of melon

Posted by Johannes on 31 August 2010

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Origin of melon

Melon comes from the French melon, from the Latin melonem (nom. melo), from melopeponem, (a kind of pumpkin), which is a transliteration of the Greek melopepon (gourd-apple) from melon (apple) + pepon (a kind of gourd).

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From the same root:

French: melon, melongene

Italian:melone, melanzana

Spanish: melon, pepon, melocoton

German: Melone, Melonendistel

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In modern Greek:

a) milo: apple [μήλο]

b) peponi:melon [πεπόνι]

c) melitzana:eggplant [μελιτζάνα]

 

OED

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Etymology of Melissa

Posted by Johannes on 31 August 2010

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Origin of Melissa

Melissa is a fem. proper name, from the Ionic Greek melissa (honeybee; μέλισσα) (Attic melitta), from meli (honey; μέλι).

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Variants: Mel, Melina, Melinda

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In modern Greek:
a) melissa: bee [μέλισσα]
b) meli: honey [μέλι]

 

OED

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Etymology of marmelade

Posted by Johannes on 31 August 2010

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Origin of marmelade
Marmelade comes from the French marmelade, from the Portuguese marmelada (quince jelly, marmalade), from marmelo (quince) by dissimilation from the Latin melimelum (sweet apple), which is a transliteration of the Greek melimelon (μελίμηλον), from meli (honey; μέλι ) and melon (apple; μήλο).

From the same root:
Italian: marmelatta
Spanish: marmelada
German: Marmelade
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In modern Greek:

a) marmelada: marmelade [μαρμελάδα]

b) meli: honey [μέλι]

c) milo: apple [μήλο]

OED

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Η marmelade (μαρμελάδα) προέρχεται από το ελληνικό μελίμηλο

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In blogger: http://ewonago.blogspot.com/

 

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Etymology of mill

Posted by Johannes on 28 March 2010

Origin of mill
The word mill comes from the Latin mola (mill, millstone), which is is related to the Greek myle (mill, millstone; μύλη).
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From the same root
English:
millstone, miller
French: meule, molette, meunier
Italian: mola, mugnaio
Spanish: muela, moleta, molinero
German: Muhlstein, Muller
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In modern Greek:
a) milos:
mill [μύλος]
b) milopetra:
millstone [milo (mill)+ petra (stone); μυλόπετρα]
c) milonas: miller [μυλωνάς]
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OED

 

Η λέξη mill (μύλος) προέρχεται από το Λατινικό mola (μύλος), το οποίο σχετίζεται με το Ελληνικό μύλη.
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meule (μύλος), molette (τροχίσκος), meunier (μυλωνάς)
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Etymology of milk

Posted by Johannes on 28 March 2010

Origin of milk

The word milk comes from the Latin verb mulgeo (to milk), which is related to the Greek verb amelgo (to milk, to draw; αμέλγω).

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From the same root:
milk (Eng) & Milche (Ger)

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In modern Greek:
a) armego: to milk [αρμέγω]
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Το αγγλικό MILK (γάλα), όπως και το γερμανικό αντίστοιχο Milche (γάλα) σχετίζονται με το ρήμα αμέλγω, δηλαδή αρμέγω.

OED

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Tags within the post: etymology of milk, origin of milk, etymologia des Milche, learn greek using cognates, learn Greek, etymology of Latin words, origin of Latin words, Origin of English words, etymology of English words, αμέλγω, αρμέγω, προέλευση αγγλικών λέξεων, αγγλικές λέξεις από την ελληνική, ελληνική γλώσσα, δάνεια στην αγγλική, προέλευση Λατινικών, Λατινικά, Ρωμαίικα, Greek language, english language

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Etymology of month, moon, menses, meniscus

Posted by Johannes on 1 February 2010

Origin of month, moon, menses, meniscus.
The words moon and month come from the the latin mensis (month), which is related to the Greek Aeolic form meis/mens (μείς/μηνς) of men/mene (μήν/μήνη; month, moon).
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From the same root:

English: moon, moon- (-beam, -light, …, – strike), moony, month, menses, menstrual, menstruation, menstruate, menstruous, menopause, meniscus (deminutive of mene: small moon during the first quarter).

French: mois, mensuel

Italian: mese, mensile

Spanish: mes, mensual,

German: Monat, monatlich
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In modern Greek:
a) menas: month [μήνας]

b) emmena: menses, period [έμμηνα]

c) emmenopause: menopause [εμμηνόπαυση]

d) emmenorrhoea: menstruation [εμμηνόρροια]

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Οι λέξεις moon (σελήνη) και month (μήνας) προέρχονται από το λατινικό mensis (μήνας), το οποίο σχετίζεται με το Ελληνικό μήν/μήνη (μήνας, σελήνη).

OED

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