ENGLISH WORDS AND GREEK COGNATES.

Learn easily Greek via the linguistic relationships and the roots of the English words.

Archive for August, 2010

Etymology of pumpkin

Posted by Johannes on 31 August 2010

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Origin of pumpkin
Pumpkin is an alteration of pumpion (melon, pumpkin) from the French pompon, from the Latin peponem (nom. pepo) (melon), which is a transliteration of the Greek pepon (melon; πέπων)

 

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In modern Greek:
a) peponi: melon [πεπόνι]
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Etymology of melon

Posted by Johannes on 31 August 2010

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Origin of melon

Melon comes from the French melon, from the Latin melonem (nom. melo), from melopeponem, (a kind of pumpkin), which is a transliteration of the Greek melopepon (gourd-apple) from melon (apple) + pepon (a kind of gourd).

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From the same root:

French: melon, melongene

Italian:melone, melanzana

Spanish: melon, pepon, melocoton

German: Melone, Melonendistel

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In modern Greek:

a) milo: apple [μήλο]

b) peponi:melon [πεπόνι]

c) melitzana:eggplant [μελιτζάνα]

 

OED

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Etymology of Melissa

Posted by Johannes on 31 August 2010

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Origin of Melissa

Melissa is a fem. proper name, from the Ionic Greek melissa (honeybee; μέλισσα) (Attic melitta), from meli (honey; μέλι).

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Variants: Mel, Melina, Melinda

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In modern Greek:
a) melissa: bee [μέλισσα]
b) meli: honey [μέλι]

 

OED

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Etymology of marmelade

Posted by Johannes on 31 August 2010

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Origin of marmelade
Marmelade comes from the French marmelade, from the Portuguese marmelada (quince jelly, marmalade), from marmelo (quince) by dissimilation from the Latin melimelum (sweet apple), which is a transliteration of the Greek melimelon (μελίμηλον), from meli (honey; μέλι ) and melon (apple; μήλο).

From the same root:
Italian: marmelatta
Spanish: marmelada
German: Marmelade
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In modern Greek:

a) marmelada: marmelade [μαρμελάδα]

b) meli: honey [μέλι]

c) milo: apple [μήλο]

OED

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Η marmelade (μαρμελάδα) προέρχεται από το ελληνικό μελίμηλο

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Etymology of chimney.

Posted by Johannes on 31 August 2010

Origin of chimney.
Chimney derives from the old French cheminee (fire place), from the late Latin (camera) caminata (fireplace, room with a fireplace) from the Latin caminatus, from caminus (hearth, oven, flue), which is a transliteration of the Greek caminos (furnace; κάμινος)

 

From the same root:

French: chiminee.

Italian: camino, camineto.

Spanish: chimenea, cheminea.

German: Kamin

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In modern Greek (Romeika, the language of Romei/Romans/Ρωμηοί)

a) caminos or camini: furnace [κάμινος]

b) camineto: blowtorch [καμινέτο]

c) caminada: chimney [καμινάδα]

 

OED

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Το chimney (καπνοδόχος) προέρχεται από το ελληνικό κάμινος

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