English Words of (Unexpected) Greek Origin.

Learn easily Greek using the roots of the English words.

Archive for November, 2010

Etymology of caliber

Posted by Johannes on 16 November 2010

Caliber comes from the old French calibre (14c.), from the Arabic qalib “a mold, last”, which derives from the Greek calapous [Gr: καλάπους] “a shoemaker’s last” lit. “little wooden foot,” from calon “wood” + pous “foot”.

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From the same root: calibrate, calibration.

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In modern Greek (Romeika):
a) calapodi: a shoemaker’s last, a little wooden foot [Gr: καλαπόδι]

b) calibraro: calibrate [Gr:καλιμπράρω], loanword

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Post 154.
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See also: http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?search=caliber&searchmode=none

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Etymology of pedicure, pedestrian, pedicle, pedestal.

Posted by Johannes on 16 November 2010

Pedicure, care of feet, from the French pédicure, from the Latin pes (gen. pedis) “foot” from the Greek Aeolic pous (gen. podos) “foot” + and curare (care) from the Greek verb coreo (take care of, clean).

From the same root: pedestrian, pedicle, pedestal, pedicurist, pedicular, foot.

In modern Greek (Romeika).
a) podi: foot [πόδι]
b) pezos: pedestrian [πεζός]

post 153.
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Etymology of foot.

Posted by Johannes on 16 November 2010

The word foot comes from the Latin pes “foot” (gen. pedos), which derives from the Greek Attic pous “foot” (gen. podos; πούς).


In modern Greek (Romeika).
a) podi: foot [πόδι]
b) podosphero: football [podo- (foot) + spher (sphere, ball); ποδόσφαιρο]

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post 152.


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