ENGLISH WORDS AND GREEK COGNATES.

Learn easily Greek via the linguistic relationships and the roots of the English words.

Archive for the ‘C’ Category

Etymology of coup

Posted by Johannes on 14 April 2020

Origin of the word “coup”

The word coup comes from the French coup, from Medieval Latin colpus, from Vulgar Latin colapus, from Latin colaphus “a cuff, box on the ear,” from the Greek colaphos (punch, slap; Gr: κόλαφος).


In modern Greek: 

a) colaphos: punch, slap [Gr: κόλαφος]


OED

___________________ Post 238. ____________________

Posted in C | Tagged: , | Leave a Comment »

Etymology of cemetery

Posted by Johannes on 14 April 2020

CEMETARY derives from the Latin coemeterium from the Greek coemeterion [κοιμητήριον], which means the cemetery, the burial ground, the graveyard.

In modern Greek:

kemetery: cemetery [κοιμητήρι]

kemame: I sleep [κοιμάμαι]

OED

Η λέξη CEMETARY προέρχεται από την ελληνική λέξη “κοιμητήριον”

Posted in C | Tagged: , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Etymology of cook, cuisine, kitchen

Posted by Johannes on 7 January 2013

The word cook (n) comes from the Latin cocus (cook) from the verb coquo [to cook, to think, to be unquiet, to worry (about), to mix], which possibly is related to the Greek verb cycao/cucao [stir up, mix together; Gr: κυκάω].

Others etymologize coquo from the IE root *pekw, which is related to the Greek verb pesso [to cook, to boil, to make something soft (Gr.: πέσσω); Att.: petto (πέττω); later pepto (πέπτω), peptic].

Finally, a few etymologize coquo from the Greek verb ceo (to burn; Gr: καίω – κηίω, κηFίο).

From the same root: 
En: cooker, cookery, cuisine, biscuit, kitchen
Ger: kochen, kuche
It: cuocere, cucina, biscotto
Fr: cuire, cuisine, biscuit

In modern Greek:
a) cyceon: mix of dissimilar things, confusion, disorder [κυκεών]
b) cusina: cuisine, kitchen [κουζίνα; reborrowing]
c) biscoto: biscuit [μπισκότο; reborrowing]

OED

____________________ Post 229 _______________________

Αναρτήθηκε από στις 10:41 π.μ. Δεν υπάρχουν σχόλια: 

Posted in C, K | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Etymology of cabaret

Posted by Johannes on 22 December 2012

The word cabaret (lit. tavern) comes from the old French camberete, fromcambre, from the Latin camera, transliteration of the Greek camara.

See also:

“Etymology of camera” here, and

“Etymology of chamber” here.

In modern Greek:
cabare: cabaret [Gr: καμπαρέ; loanword]

OED

———– Post 225. ————–

Posted in C | Tagged: , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Etymology of chamber

Posted by Johannes on 22 December 2012

The word chamber comes from the old French chambre (room, chamber), from the Latin camera (vaulted room), which is merely a transliteration of the Greek camara [Gr: καμάρα]. See also the post entitled “Etymology of camera”, here.

Post 224.

 

Posted in C | Tagged: , , , | Leave a Comment »

Etymology of canvas

Posted by Johannes on 2 June 2012

The word canvas (an extremely heavy-duty plain-woven fabric) comes from the old French canevas, from cannapaceus (made of hemp), from the Latin cannabis, a transliteration of the the Greek cannabis (hemp).

In modern Greek:
a) camvas: canvas [Gr: καμβάς]
b) cannavis: hemp, cannabis [Gr: κάνναβις]
_____________________________ Post 219. ________________

Posted in C | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Etymology of canteen

Posted by Johannes on 2 June 2012

The word canteen (store in a military camp) comes from the French cantine from the Italian cantina (wine cellar, vault) from the Latin canto (corner), which moste probably derives from the Greek word canthos(canthus, corner of the eye; Gr: κανθός).

.
In modern Greek:
a) canthos: canthus [Gr: κανθός]
b) cantina: canteen [Gr: καντίνα; loanword ]
.
See also (in Greek) “Etymological Dictionary of Modern Greek” by G. Babiniotis p.628 and EP21.
_________________________  Post 218. _______________________

Posted in C | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Etymology of camera

Posted by Johannes on 2 June 2012

The word camera (a device that records and stores images; vaulted building), comes from the Latin camera (vaulted room), which is a transliteration of the Greek word camara (a vault, arched roof or ceiling, vaulted chamber; room). The word was also used as a short for camera obscura (dark chamber; a black box with a lens that could project images of external objects), and thus it became the word for “picture-taking device”.

.
In modern Greek:
a) camera: camera [Gr: κάμερα; loanword]
b) camara: arch, arcade [Gr: καμάρα]
c) camara: room [Gr: κάμαρα]
d) camariera: chambermaid [Gr: καμαριέρα]
e) camarini: dressing room, green room [Gr: καμαρίνι]

 

______________________ Post 218. ______________________

Posted in C | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Etymology of crypt

Posted by Johannes on 16 April 2012

The word crypt (vault, cavern) comes from the Latin crypta (vault, cavern), from the Greek crypte, fem. of cryptos [hidden; Gr: κρυπτός], verbal adj. from cryptein [to hide, to conceal; Gr: κρύπτειν].

See also “etymology of grotesque” here.
.
From the same root:
cryptic, crypto-, cryptogam, cryptogram, cryptographer.
.

In modern Greek:
a) crypte: crypt [Gr.: κρύπτη]
b) crypto (or cryvo): to hide, conceal, secrete [Gr.: κρύπτω or κρύβω].
c) cryptographos: cryptographer [Gr.: κρυπτογράφος]
d) cryptographima: cryptogram, coded message [Gr.: κρυπτογράφημα]
.

OED.

—————————- Post 214 ———————

___


Posted in C | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Etymology of carrot

Posted by Johannes on 16 April 2012

The word carrot comes from the old French carrotte, from the Latin carota, which is a transliteration of the Greek caroton (carrot; Gr: καρώτον).

.

In modern Greek:

a) caroto: carrot [Gr: καρώτο]

___

From the same root: carotene, carotenoids

 

OED

—————— Post 209 ——————–

 

Posted in C | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »