Learn easily Greek via the linguistic relationships and the roots of the English words.

Archive for the ‘K’ Category

Etymology of cook, cuisine, kitchen

Posted by Johannes on 7 January 2013

The word cook (n) comes from the Latin cocus (cook) from the verb coquo [to cook, to think, to be unquiet, to worry (about), to mix], which possibly is related to the Greek verb cycao/cucao [stir up, mix together; Gr: κυκάω].

Others etymologize coquo from the IE root *pekw, which is related to the Greek verb pesso [to cook, to boil, to make something soft (Gr.: πέσσω); Att.: petto (πέττω); later pepto (πέπτω), peptic].

Finally, a few etymologize coquo from the Greek verb ceo (to burn; Gr: καίω – κηίω, κηFίο).

From the same root: 
En: cooker, cookery, cuisine, biscuit, kitchen
Ger: kochen, kuche
It: cuocere, cucina, biscotto
Fr: cuire, cuisine, biscuit

In modern Greek:
a) cyceon: mix of dissimilar things, confusion, disorder [κυκεών]
b) cusina: cuisine, kitchen [κουζίνα; reborrowing]
c) biscoto: biscuit [μπισκότο; reborrowing]


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Etymology of kiss

Posted by Johannes on 26 March 2012

The verb kiss comes from the old English cyssan, from the German kussen, which is related to the Greek kysso (Gr: κύσσω/κύσω; fut. of the verb kyneo, Gr: κυνέω: to kiss).


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Etymology of Catherine / Katherine.

Posted by Johannes on 14 March 2010

Origin of Catherine / Katherine.
Katherine is a feminine name, which comes from the Greek name Aikaterine (Αικατερίνη), of debated origin and meaning.

Theories include:
a) from the Greek Katharsis (see Aristotle’s Poetics), meaning to purge or to cleanse -pure/purity of emotion

b) from the Greek word hekáteros (ἑκάτερος), meaning each of the two, singly

c) from the Greek goddess Hecate.

d) from the Greek word aikía (αἰκία ) injurious treatment

The Latin-speaking Romans, through folk etymology, associated the name with the Greek katharós (καθαρός) pure, which led to the variant spelling Katharine/Katharina.



Other forms of the name:

Romeika (Modern Greek): Aikaterine (Αἰκατερίνη ) Katerina, Katina, Katia

English: Caitlin, Caitlyn, Caren, Carin, Cate, Cathanne, Catharine, Catherin, Catherine, Cathie, Cathleen, Cathryn, Cathy, Kaety, Kait, Kaitlin, Kaitlyn, Kaity, Karena, Karen, Karyn, Kate, Katelin, Katharine, Katherina, Katheryn ,Kathy, Kathi, Kathie, Kathleen, Kathlyn, Kathryn, Kathy, Katie, Katlyn, Katrina, Katy

French: Carine, Catant, Cathanne, Cathareau, Catherine, Katrin

German: Cathrin, Catrin, Karin, Karen, Katarina, Katarine, Katharina, Katharine, Katherina, Kathrin, Katinka, Katrin, Katrina

Italian: Catarina, Caterina

Spanish: Catalina, Catarina, Catherina

Russian: Jekaterina, Katerina, Katia, Katinka, Katushka, Katya, Yekaterina

Turkish: Akaterina, Katarina

Welsh: Cadi, Catrin

Irish: Cáit, Caitlín, Caitria, Caitrín, Caitríona, Catherine, Cathleen, Catraoine

Danish: Caja, Catja

Swedish: Cajsa, Catharina, Cathrine ,Catrine, Kai, Kajsa, Karin, Katrina

Portoguese: Carina, Catarina, Caterina, Cátia

Roumanian: Cătălina, Catina, Catinca, Ecaterina

Catalan: Caterina

Dutch: Catharina, Cato, Kaatje

Bulgarian: Ekaterina, Katerina

Armenian:Gadara, Gadarine, Kadara, Kadarine

Georgian: Ekaterine






St Catherine

(Monastery of St Catherine at Mount Sinai: http://www.sinaimonastery.com/)

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Etymology ofknow, knowledge

Posted by Johannes on 5 August 2008

Etymology of know

The verb KNOW derives from the old English verb cnawan (past tense cneow, pp. cnawen; old Germanic knoeanan) from the Latin gnoscere, which is relared to the Greek verb gignosco (to know; gnosis: knowledge).

From the same root: 

knowledge, knowable, gnosis, gnostic, gnosticism, agnosticism.

In modern Greek:

gnosi: knowledge [γνώση]

gnorizo: I know [γνωρίζω]


Το ρήμα KNOW προέρχεται από το παλίο Αγγλικό ρήμα cnawan (στα παλιά Γερμανικά knoeanan) που προέρχεται από το Λατινικό gnoscere, που και αυτό με τη σειρά του,το οποίο σχετίζεται με τα γιγνώσκεινγνώση κλ.

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