English Words of (Unexpected) Greek Origin.

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Archive for the ‘K’ Category

Etymology of cook, cuisine, kitchen

Posted by Johannes on 7 January 2013

The word cook (n) comes from the Latin cocus (cook) from the verb coquo[to cook, to think, to be unquiet, to worry (about), to mix], which most probably derives from the Greek verb cycao/cucao [stir up, mix together; Gr:κυκάω].
Others etymologize coquo from the Greek verb pesso [to cook, to boil, to make something soft (Gr.: πέσσω); Att.: petto (πέττω); later pepto (πέπτω), peptic].
Finally, a few etymologize coquo from the Greek verb ceo (burn; Gr: καίω).

From the same root: 
En: cooker, cookery, cuisine, biscuit, kitchen
Ger: kochen, kuche
It: cuocere, cucina, biscotto
Fr: cuire, cuisine, biscuit

In modern Greek:
a) cyceon: mix of dissimilar things, confusion, disorder [κυκεών]
b) cusina: cuisine, kitchen [κουζίνα; reborrowing]
c) biscoto: biscuit [μπισκότο; reborrowing]

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Etymology of kiss

Posted by Johannes on 26 March 2012

The verb kiss comes from the old English cyssan, from the German kussen from the Greek kysso (Gr: κύσσω/κύσω; fut. of the verb kyneo, Gr: κυνέω: to kiss).

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Etymology of Catherine / Katherine.

Posted by Johannes on 14 March 2010

Origin of Catherine / Katherine.
Katherine is a feminine name, which comes from the Greek name Aikaterine (Αικατερίνη), of debated origin and meaning.

Theories include:
a) from the Greek Katharsis (see Aristotle’s Poetics), meaning to purge or to cleanse -pure/purity of emotion

b) from the Greek word hekáteros (ἑκάτερος), meaning each of the two, singly

c) from the Greek goddess Hecate.

d) from the Greek word aikía (αἰκία ) injurious treatment

The Latin-speaking Romans, through folk etymology, associated the name with the Greek katharós (καθαρός) pure, which led to the variant spelling Katharine/Katharina.

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Other forms of the name:

Romeika (Modern Greek): Aikaterine (Αἰκατερίνη ) Katerina, Katina, Katia

English: Caitlin, Caitlyn, Caren, Carin, Cate, Cathanne, Catharine, Catherin, Catherine, Cathie, Cathleen, Cathryn, Cathy, Kaety, Kait, Kaitlin, Kaitlyn, Kaity, Karena, Karen, Karyn, Kate, Katelin, Katharine, Katherina, Katheryn ,Kathy, Kathi, Kathie, Kathleen, Kathlyn, Kathryn, Kathy, Katie, Katlyn, Katrina, Katy

French: Carine, Catant, Cathanne, Cathareau, Catherine, Katrin

German: Cathrin, Catrin, Karin, Karen, Katarina, Katarine, Katharina, Katharine, Katherina, Kathrin, Katinka, Katrin, Katrina

Italian: Catarina, Caterina

Spanish: Catalina, Catarina, Catherina

Russian: Jekaterina, Katerina, Katia, Katinka, Katushka, Katya, Yekaterina

Turkish: Akaterina, Katarina

Welsh: Cadi, Catrin

Irish: Cáit, Caitlín, Caitria, Caitrín, Caitríona, Catherine, Cathleen, Catraoine

Danish: Caja, Catja

Swedish: Cajsa, Catharina, Cathrine ,Catrine, Kai, Kajsa, Karin, Katrina

Portoguese: Carina, Catarina, Caterina, Cátia

Roumanian: Cătălina, Catina, Catinca, Ecaterina

Catalan: Caterina

Dutch: Catharina, Cato, Kaatje

Bulgarian: Ekaterina, Katerina

Armenian:Gadara, Gadarine, Kadara, Kadarine

Georgian: Ekaterine

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St Catherine

(Monastery of St Catherine at Mount Sinai: http://www.sinaimonastery.com/)

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Tags within the post: etymology of Catherine, etymology of Katherine, etymology of Caitlin, etymology of Caitlyn, etymology of Caren, etymology of Carin, etymology of Cate, etymology of Cathanne, etymology of Catharine, etymology of Catherin, etymology of Catherine, etymology of Cathie, etymology of Cathleen, etymology of Cathryn, etymology of Cathy, etymology of Kaety, etymology of Kait, etymology of Kaitlin, etymology of Kaitlyn, etymology of Kaity, etymology of Karena, etymology of Karen, etymology of Karyn, etymology of Kate, etymology of Katelin, etymology of Katharine, etymology of Katherina, etymology of Katheryn, etymology of Kathy, etymology of Kathi, etymology of Kathie, etymology of Kathleen, etymology of Kathlyn, etymology of Kathryn, etymology of Kathy, etymology of Katie, etymology of Katlyn, etymology of Katrina, etymology of Katy, origin of proper names, origin of Catherine, origin of Katherine, origin of Caitlin, origin of Caitlyn, origin of Caren, origin of Carin, origin of Cate, origin of Cathanne, origin of Catharine, origin of Catherin, origin of Catherine, origin of Cathie, origin of Cathleen, origin of Cathryn, origin of Cathy, origin of Kaety, origin of Kait, origin of Kaitlin, origin of Kaitlyn, origin of Kaity, origin of Karena, origin of Karen, origin of Karyn, origin of Kate, origin of Katelin, origin of Katharine, origin of Katherina, origin of Katheryn, origin of Kathy, origin of Kathi, origin of Kathie, origin of Kathleen, origin of Kathlyn, origin of Kathryn, origin of Kathy, origin of Katie, origin of Katlyn, origin of Katrina, origin of Katy

Sources:

a) http://www.behindthename.com/name/katherine

b) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Katherine_(given_name)#Origin_and_meaning

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KEY

Posted by Johannes on 7 August 2008

Etymology of key:

the word key derives from the Latin clavis (key), which in turn derives from the Greek word κλαίς (clais; key), Doric form of κλείς (clis; key). In French clef (key).

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From the same root: keyboard, keyhole, keystone.
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In modern Greek
α) κλειδί: key [clidi]
β) κλειδαριά: lock, safety lock [clidaria]
γ) κλειδαράς: locksmith [clidaras]
δ) κλειδώνω: lock (in/out/away) [clidono]
ε) κλείδωμα: lock(ing) [clidoma]
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Ετυμολογία του key: η λέξη key προέρχεται από το Λατινικό clavis (κλειδί), το οποίο με τη σειρά του προέρχεται από το ελληνικό κλαίς (κλειδί), δωρική μορφή του κλείς (κλειδί).
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κλαίς (clais) –> claVis –> clef –> key
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KNOW

Posted by Johannes on 5 August 2008

Etymology of know

The verb KNOW derives from the old English verb cnawan (past tense cneow, pp. cnawen; old Germanic knoeanan) from the Latin gnoscere, based on the greek root gno- as in gi-gno-skein (to know; gnosis: knowledge).

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From the same root: knowledge, knowable, gnosis, gnostic, gnosticism, agnosticism.

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Το ρήμα KNOW προέρχεται από το παλίο Αγγλικό ρήμα cnawan (στα παλιά Γερμανικά knoeanan) που προέρχεται από το Λατινικό gnoscere, που και αυτό με τη σειρά του δημιουργήθηκε από την Ελληνική ρίζα gno-, όπως στα γιγνώσκειν, γνώση κλ.
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gno- –> cnawan –> know

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