ENGLISH WORDS AND GREEK COGNATES.

Learn easily Greek via the linguistic relationships and the roots of the English words.

Posts Tagged ‘english language’

Etymology of milk

Posted by Johannes on 14 April 2020

Etymology of milk

The word milk comes from the Proto-Germanic meluk,  which is related to the Greek verb amelgo (to milk, to draw; αμέλγω).

 

From the same root

milk (Eng); Milche (Ger)

 

In modern Greek:

a) armego: to milk [αρμέγω]

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OED

Το αγγλικό MILK (γάλα), όπως και το γερμανικό αντίστοιχο Milche (γάλα) σχετίζονται με το ρήμα αμέλγω (αρμέγω).

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Tags within the post: etymology of milk, origin of milk, etymologia des Milche, learn greek using cognates, learn Greek, etymology of Latin words, origin of Latin words, Origin of English words, etymology of English words, αμέλγω, αρμέγω, προέλευση αγγλικών λέξεων, ελληνική γλώσσα, προέλευση Λατινικών, Λατινικά, Ρωμαίικα, Greek language, english language

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Etymology of cinnamon

Posted by Johannes on 27 February 2011

Origin of the word cinnamon

The word cinnamon comes from the old French cinnamone from the Latin cinnamomum/cinnamum (cinnamon) [also used as a term of endearment], which is a transliteration of the Greek cinnamomon (cinnamon; Gr.: κιννάμωμον).
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Etymology of chameleon

Posted by Johannes on 19 February 2011

Origin of the word chameleon
The word chameleon comes from the Latin chamaeleon, which is a transliteration of the Greek chamaileon from chamai (on the ground; Gr: χαμαί] + leon [lion; Gr: λέων].

 

In modern Greek:
a) hameleon: chameleon [Gr: χαμαιλέων]
b) hamo: on the ground [Gr: χάμω]
c) leon or liontari: lion [Gr: λέων or λιοντάρι]

OED
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Etymology of cheap

Posted by Johannes on 29 January 2011

Origin of the word cheap
The word cheap comes from the old English ceap (n.; traffic, bargain, a purchase) from the Germanic ceapian (v.; trade) from the Latin caupo (gen. cauponis; petty tradesman, huckster), which is related to the Greek capilos (synonym to caupo; vintner, huckster, petty tradesman; Gr: κάπηλος]

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In modern Greek:
a) capilos: huckster, monger [Gr: κάπηλος]
b) capilio: wineshop, pothouse [Gr: καπηλειό]
c) capilia: exploitation, trading (on sth) [Gr: καπηλεία]

WKN

OED

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Etymology of caramel

Posted by Johannes on 20 December 2010

Etymology of caramel

The word caramel comes from the Latin cannamellis from canna (cane) + mel/mellis(honey). Both words are related to the Greek words canna [cane; Gr: κάννα] and mel [honey; Gr: μέλι]

See also: Etymology of cane: here

In modern Greek:
a) caramela: caramel [Gr: καραμέλα; loanword]
b) meli: honey [Gr: μέλι]

OED1

OED2

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Etymology of milk

Posted by Johannes on 28 March 2010

Origin of milk

The word milk comes from the Latin verb mulgeo (to milk), which is related to the Greek verb amelgo (to milk, to draw; αμέλγω).

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From the same root:
milk (Eng) & Milche (Ger)

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In modern Greek:
a) armego: to milk [αρμέγω]
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Το αγγλικό MILK (γάλα), όπως και το γερμανικό αντίστοιχο Milche (γάλα) σχετίζονται με το ρήμα αμέλγω, δηλαδή αρμέγω.

OED

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Tags within the post: etymology of milk, origin of milk, etymologia des Milche, learn greek using cognates, learn Greek, etymology of Latin words, origin of Latin words, Origin of English words, etymology of English words, αμέλγω, αρμέγω, προέλευση αγγλικών λέξεων, αγγλικές λέξεις από την ελληνική, ελληνική γλώσσα, δάνεια στην αγγλική, προέλευση Λατινικών, Λατινικά, Ρωμαίικα, Greek language, english language

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Etymology of experience, expert, experiment

Posted by Johannes on 22 February 2009

Etymology of experience
Experience comes from the Latin experientia from the verb experior from perior (try, attempt), which is related to the Greek verb peirao (try, attempt, test, get experience; πειράω).
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From the same root.
Expert, expertise, expertness, experiment, experienced, experientalism, experimentalize etc.
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In modern Greek
a) pira: experience, practice [πείρα]
b) pirama: experiment [πείραμα]
c) empiria: experience, practice [εμπειρία]
d) empiricos: empiric [εμπειρικός]
e) empiros: experienced, expert [έμπειρος]
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Η λέξη experience προέρχεται απο το Λατινικό experientia από το ρήμα experior (προσπαθώ, δοκιμάζω, αποκτώ εμπειρία), το οποίο σχετίζεται με το ελληνικό ρήμα πειράω.
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ETYMOLOGY OF DENSE, DENSITY

Posted by Johannes on 10 August 2008

Etymology of dense

The adj dense derives from the Latin densus (dense), which is related to the Greek adj δασύς (dasys; dense).
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From the same root: density
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In modern Greek.
α) δασύς: dense, thick [dasys]
β) δασύτητα: density, denseness [dasytita]
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Το επίθετο dense (πυκνός) προέρχεται από το Λατινικό densus (dense), το οποίο σχετίζεται με  το Ελληνικό δασύς.
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Etymology of vomit

Posted by Johannes on 5 August 2008

The word vomit came from the Latin vomitare from vomo (I vomit), which is related to the greek verb εμέω – εμώ (emo; I vomit).

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In modern Greek
α) εξεμώ or κάνω εμετό: to vomit [exemo or kano emeto]
β) εμετός: vomit [emetos]
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Η λέξη vomit (εμετός, κάνω εμετό) προέρχεται από το λατινικό vomo (κάνω εμετώ), το οποίο σχετίζεται με το ρήμα εμέω – εμώ.
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Etymology of rice

Posted by Johannes on 5 August 2008

Etymology of rice

Rice derives from the Italian riso, from the Latin oriza, from the Greek oryza (rice).

In modern Greek.
α) ρύζι: rice [rizi]
Η λέξη rice (ρύζι) προέρχεται από το λατινικό oriza, από το ελληνικό όρυζα.
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