English Words of (Unexpected) Greek Origin.

Learn easily Greek using the roots of the English words.

Posts Tagged ‘origine’

Etymology of air

Posted by Johannes on 24 October 2010

_____________________________________________________________

Origin of air.
The word air derives from the French air from the Latin aerem (nom. aer), which is merely a transliteration of the Gree aer (gen. aeros) “air” [αήρ].
.

.

From the same root:
air- (airbase, airborne, airconditioning, aircraft, air force, airline, airport etc);
aero- (aerobic, aerodrome, aerodynamics, aerology, aeroplane, aerosol, aerospace etc);
aerate, aeration, aerial, aerification, aerify, airing etc.
.

.

In modern Greek (Romeika):
a) aeras: air [αέρας]
b) aerodromio:
aerodrome, airport [αεροδρόμιο]
c) aeroplano: aeroplane [αεροπλάνο]
d) aerismos:
airing [αερισμός]
d) aeroscafos:
aircraft [αεροσκάφος]

Post 149.

Advertisements

Posted in A | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Etymology of hospital, host, hostel, hotel, hospice, hostile, hostage

Posted by Johannes on 1 February 2010

Origin of hospital, host, hostel, hotel, hospice, hostile, hostage.
The word hospital comes from the Latin hospitale (guest-house, inn) from hospes (stranger, guest) from the Greek Aeolic form espios of estios from the noun estia (home, house, family, fireplace; εστία). From estia comes the verb estiao (to receive/welcome somebody in my house; to prepare a meal for somebody, to offer hospitality; εστιάω)
.
.
.
Note: Some etymologize hospes from the Greek verb aesko (I lie; αέσκω), from which comes the noun asty (home, city; άστυ). Aesko -> aespo -> hospes.
.
.
.
From the same root
.
English: hospital, host, hostel, hotel, hospice, hostile, hostage, hosterly
.
French: hopital, hospice, hote, hotel, hostile, hostie, otage, ost
.
Italian: ospedale, ospizio, ospite, oste, hotel, ostile, ostia
.
Spanish: hospital, hospicio, huesped, hotel, hostil, hostia
.
German: Hospital, Hospiz, Hostess, Hotel, Hostie, Geisel
.
.
.
In modern Greek (Romeika, the language of Romei/Romans/Ρωμηοί)
.
a) estia: home, house, family, fireplace, focus, centre [εστία]
.
b) estiatorio: restaurant [εστιατόριο]
.
c) spiti: house, home [σπίτι]
.

__
Η λέξη hospital (νοσοκομείο) προέρχεται από το Λατινικό hospitale (ξενοδοχείο) από το hospes (ξένος, φιλοξενούμενος) από την Αιολική μορφή έσπιος του έστιος απο το ουσιαστικό εστία. Από τη λέξη εστία προέρχεται και το ρήμα εστιάω (“δέχομαι τινα εν τω οίκω μου, φιλοξενώ τινα”, παραθέτω γεύμα, φιλεύω).
.

Post 129.
.


________________________________________________________________
Tags within the post: etymology of hospital, etymology of host, etymology of hostel, etymology of hotel, etymology of hospice, etymology of hostile, etymology of hostage, etymology of hosterly, etymologie de hopital, etymologie de hospice, etymologie de hote, etymologie de hotel, etymologie de hostile, etymologie de hostie, etymologie de otage, etymologie de ost, origine, learn Greek online, learn easily Greek using cognates, learn Greek for free, etymology, etymologie, etymologia, origin of Latin words, etymology of English, loan words in English, origin of English, origin of English words, English words from Greek, Latin words from Greek, Greek language, ετυμολογία, ετυμολογία Λατινικών, ετυμολογία αγγλικών λέξεων, προέλευση αγγλικών λέξεων, προέλευση Λατινικών, ελληνικές λέξεις στα Αγγλικά, αντιδάνεια, French words from Greek, English words from Greek, Spanish words from Greek, German words from Greek, Italian words from Greek, loanwords, etymology of French words, etymology of English words, etymology of Spanish words, etymology of German words, etymology of Italian words, origine de hopital, origine de hospice, origine de hote, origine de hotel, origine de hostile, origine de hostie, origine de otage, origine de ost, etymologia, Etymologie, origin of hospital, origin of host, origin of hostel, origin of hotel, origin of hospice, origin of hostile, origin of hostage, origin of hosterly.

In blogger: http://ewonago.blogspot.com/

Posted in H | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment »

Etymology of cheer.

Posted by Johannes on 10 January 2010

Origin of cheer.
The word cheer (gladness, gaiety, something that gives joy, lightness of spirits or mood) comes from the Anglo-Norman chere (face) from the old French chiere from the Latin cara (face), which is merely a transliteration of the Greek cara (head; κάρα).

From the same root.
cheerful, cheerily, cheeriness, cheeriness, cheerio, cheerleader, cheerless, cheers, cheery

In modern Greek (Romeika, the language of Romei/Romans/Ρωμηοί)
a) cara: head, a saint’s head, skull [κάρα]
b) carivaria:
headache [καρηβαρία]

_
Η λέξη cheer (ευθυμία, κέφι, φαιδρότητα, επευφημία) προέρχεται από το Αγγλο-Νορμανδικό chere (πρόσωπο) από το παλαιό Γαλλικό chiere από το Λατινικό cara (πρόσωπο), το οποίο αποτελεί μεταγραφή του ελληνικού κάρα (κεφαλή).

Post 128.
_______________________________________________________________
Tags within the post: etymology of cheer, etymology of cheerful, etymology of cheerily, etymology of cheeriness, etymology of cheeriness, etymology of cheerio, etymology of cheerleader, etymology of cheerless, etymology of cheers, etymology of cheery, origine, learn Greek online, learn easily Greek using cognates, learn Greek for free, etymology, etymologie, etymologia, origin of Latin words, etymology of English, loan words in English, origin of English, origin of English words, English words from Greek, Latin words from Greek, Greek language, ετυμολογία, ετυμολογία Λατινικών, ετυμολογία αγγλικών λέξεων, προέλευση αγγλικών λέξεων, προέλευση Λατινικών, ελληνικές λέξεις στα Αγγλικά, αντιδάνεια French words from Greek, English words from Greek, Spanish words from Greek, German words from Greek, Italian words from Greek, loanwords, origin of cheer, origin of cheerful, origin of cheerily, origin of cheeriness, origin of cheeriness, origin of cheerio, origin of cheerleader, origin of cheerless, origin of cheers, origin of cheery.
In blogger: http://ewonago.blogspot.com/

._

Posted in C | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment »

Posted by Johannes on 10 January 2010

Origin of cheer.
The word cheer (gladness, gaiety, something that gives joy, lightness of spirits or mood) comes from the Anglo-Norman chere (face) from the old French chiere from the Latin cara (face), which is merely a transliteration of the Greek cara (head; κάρα).

From the same root.
cheerful, cheerily, cheeriness, cheeriness, cheerio, cheerleader, cheerless, cheers, cheery

In modern Greek (Romeika, the language of Romei/Romans/Ρωμηοί)
a) cara: head, a saint’s head, skull [κάρα]
b) carivaria:
headache [καρηβαρία]

_
Η λέξη cheer (ευθυμία, κέφι, φαιδρότητα, επευφημία) προέρχεται από το Αγγλο-Νορμανδικό chere (πρόσωπο) από το παλαιό Γαλλικό chiere από το Λατινικό cara (πρόσωπο), το οποίο αποτελεί μεταγραφή του ελληνικού κάρα (κεφαλή).

Post 128.
_______________________________________________________________
Tags within the post: etymology of cheer, etymology of cheerful, etymology of cheerily, etymology of cheeriness, etymology of cheeriness, etymology of cheerio, etymology of cheerleader, etymology of cheerless, etymology of cheers, etymology of cheery, origine, learn Greek online, learn easily Greek using cognates, learn Greek for free, etymology, etymologie, etymologia, origin of Latin words, etymology of English, loan words in English, origin of English, origin of English words, English words from Greek, Latin words from Greek, Greek language, ετυμολογία, ετυμολογία Λατινικών, ετυμολογία αγγλικών λέξεων, προέλευση αγγλικών λέξεων, προέλευση Λατινικών, ελληνικές λέξεις στα Αγγλικά, αντιδάνεια French words from Greek, English words from Greek, Spanish words from Greek, German words from Greek, Italian words from Greek, loanwords, origin of cheer, origin of cheerful, origin of cheerily, origin of cheeriness, origin of cheeriness, origin of cheerio, origin of cheerleader, origin of cheerless, origin of cheers, origin of cheery.
In blogger: http://ewonago.blogspot.com/

._

Posted in C | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Etymology of Barbara

Posted by Johannes on 10 January 2010

Origin of Barbara.
The Christian proper name Barbara is given in honour of the Great Martyr Saint Barbara (3rd century – December 4, 306). Saint Barbara was a young woman killed by her own father Dioscorus, who was then killed by a bolt of lightning. The name comes from the Latin barbarus, which is merely a transliteration of the Greek barbaros (βάρβαρος) meaning foreign, one who could not speak Greek, a non-Greek, an uncivilized.
.
 
Other forms of the proper name.
Barb, Barbie, Barbra, Babs, Bobbie, Barbora, Bairbre, Bara, Barbro, Basia, Borbala, Varvara, Varya.

.

.

 

From the same root.

English: barbarian, barbarity, barbarism, barbarize, barbaric
French: barbare, barbarie, barbarisme, barbariser, barbaresques
Italian:barbaro, barbarie, barbarismo, barbarizzare
Spanish: barbaro, barbaridad, barbarismo, barbarico
German: Barbar, Barbarei, barbarisch, Barbarismus. 

 

In modern Greek (Romeika, the language of Romei/Romans/Ρωμηοί)
a) Barbara (or better Varvara): Barbara [Βαρβάρα]

b)barbaros (or better varvaros): barbarian [βάρβαρος]

c) barbarismos (varvarismos): barbarism [βαρβαρισμός]

d) barbarotita (varvarotita): barbarity [βαρβαρότητα]

e) barbaricos (varvaricos): barbaric [βαρβαρικός]

.

_
Το κύριο όνομα Barbara, προέρχεται από το Ελληνικό βάρβαρος
.
.

Saint Barbara
.
.
.


 

Post 127.
__________________________________________________________________
Tags within the post: etymology of Barbara, etymology of Barb, etymology of Barbie, etymology of Barbra, etymology of Babs, etymology of Bobbie, etymology of Barbora, etymology of Bairbre, etymology of Bara, etymology of Barbro, etymology of Basia, etymology of Borbala, etymology of Varvara, etymology of Varya, etymology of barbarian, etymology of barbarity, etymology of barbarism, etymology of barbarize, etymology of barbaric, origine, learn Greek online, learn easily Greek using cognates, learn Greek for free, etymology, etymologie, etymologia, origin of Latin words, etymology of English, loan words in English, origin of English, origin of English words, English words from Greek, Latin words from Greek, Greek language, ετυμολογία, ετυμολογία Λατινικών, ετυμολογία αγγλικών λέξεων, προέλευση αγγλικών λέξεων, προέλευση Λατινικών, ελληνικές λέξεις στα Αγγλικά, αντιδάνεια French words from Greek, English words from Greek, Spanish words from Greek, German words from Greek, Italian words from Greek, loanwords, origine de barbare, origine de barbarie, origine de barbarisme, origine de barbariser, origine de barbaresques, etymologie de Barbara, etymologie de barbare, etymologie de barbarie, etymologie de barbarisme, etymologie de barbariser, etymologie de barbaresques, origin of Barbara, origin of Barb, origin of Barbie, origin of Barbra, origin of Babs, origin of Bobbie, origin of Barbora, origin of Bairbre, origin of Bara, origin of Barbro, origin of Basia, origin of Borbala, origin of Varvara, origin of Varya, origin of barbarian, origin of barbarity, origin of barbarism, origin of barbarize, origin of barbaric

In blogger: http://ewonago.blogspot.com/

._

.

Posted in B | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Etymology of fracture, fragile, fragment, fraction, break.

Posted by Johannes on 27 December 2009

Origin of fracture, fragile, fragment, fraction, break.
The word fracture (a breaking of a bone) comes from the latin verb frango/frangere (break), which derives from the Greek verb rig-nimi (break; ρήγ-νυμι) and its root frag- (Fραγ-).

From the same root.
fracture, fragile, fragment, fraction, break, fractional, fractionate, fractionize, fractious, fragility, fragmental, fragmentation
.

In modern Greek (Romeika, the language of Romei/Romans/Ρωμηοί)
a) ragada: crack, crevice [ραγάδα]
b) ragizo: break, crack [ραγίζω]
c) rogmi:
break, crack, fissure [ρωγμή]
d) aragis (a+rag): unbreakable [αρραγής]
e) rakos:
rag, tatter [ράκος]
f) rixi:
rupture [ρήξη]
_
Η λέξη fracture (σπάσιμο, κάταγμα) προέρχεται από το λατινικό ρήμα frango/frangere (σπάω, ρήγνυμι), το οποίο με τη σειρά του προέρχεται από το ελληνικό ρήγνυμι και τη ρίζα του Fραγ-.

Post 126.
_______

_________________________________________________________________
In blogger: http://ewonago.blogspot.com/

Posted in B, F | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Etymology of glamour

Posted by Johannes on 27 December 2009

Origin of glamour
The word glamour (magic charm, alluring beauty or charm, a spell affecting the eye, a kind of haze in the air) comes from the Scottish term gramarye (magic, enchantment, spell), an alteration of the English word grammar (any sort of scholarship) from the latin grammatica, which is a transliteration of the Greek word grammatice (grammar; γραμματική).

Note: Others etymologize the Scottish gramarye from the Greek grammarion (gram; weight unit; γραμμάριο).

From the same root.
glamorize, glamorous, grammar, grammatical, grammatic

In modern Greek (Romeika, the language of Romei/Romans/Ρωμηοί)
a) gramma:
letter [γράμμα]
b) grammateas: secretary [γραμματέας]
c) grammatia:
secretariat [γραμματεία]
d) grammatici: grammar [γραμματική]
e) grammaticos:
grammatical [γραμματικός]
f) grammatio: note, bill, bond [γραμμάτιο]
g) grammatocivotio: letter-box [γραμματοκιβώτιο]
h) grammatosimo: stamp [γραμματόσημο]

Η λέξη glamour (γοητεία, θέλγητρο, σαγήνη, γόητρο, λάμψη) προέρχεται από το λατινικό grammatica, το οποίο αποτελεί μεταγραφή του ελληνικού γραμματική.

Post 125.
____________________________________________________

In blogger: http://ewonago.blogspot.com/

Posted in G | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 2 Comments »

Etymology of retro

Posted by Johannes on 27 December 2009

Origin of retro.
The word retro (behind, back) comes from the Latin retro, which, most probably, is derived from the Greek verb eretyo (retyo) (to keep back, suspend; ερητύω).

From the same root:
retro-, re-

 

Η λέξη retro (πίσω) προέρχεται από το Λατινικό retro, το οποίο πιθανότατα προέρχεται από το Ελληνικό ρήμα ερητύω (κρατώ πίσω, αναστέλλω, αναχαιτίζω, κρατώ οπίσω από τινος, απομακρύνω απο τι).

Post 124.

_______________________________________________

In blogger: http://ewonago.blogspot.com/

Posted in R | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Etymology of Aretha

Posted by Johannes on 27 December 2009

Origin of Aretha
The female proper name Aretha derives from the Greek name Arete (Αρετή) meaning “virtue, excellence”.

In modern Greek (Romeika, the language of Romei/Romans/Ρωμηοί)
a) arete and Arete (as a female proper name): virtue [Αρετή]

Το όνομα Aretha προέρχεται από το Ελληνικό όνομα Αρετή.

Post 123.
________________________________________________
In wordpress: https://ewonago.wordpress.com/

Posted in A | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Etymology of Ambrose

Posted by Johannes on 27 December 2009

Origin of Ambrose
The masculine proper noun Ambrose comes from the Late Latin name Ambrosius (e.g. Saint Ambrosius – 4th century), which is a transliteration of the Greek name Ambrosios (Αμβρόσιος) meaning “immortal” (A+brotos).

From the same root:
Ambrosine, ambrosia, ambrosian

In modern Greek (Romeika, the language of Romei/Romans/Ρωμηοί)
a) ambrosia or better amvrosia: ambrosia [αμβροσία]
b) Ambrosios (Amvrosios): Ambrose [Αμβρόσιος]

Το όνομα Ambrose προέρχεται από το Ελληνικό Αμβρόσιος (αθάνατος, α + βροτός).

Post 122.

In blogger: http://ewonago.blogspot.com/

Posted in A | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment »