ENGLISH WORDS AND GREEK COGNATES.

Learn easily Greek via the linguistic relationships and the roots of the English words.

Posts Tagged ‘origine’

Etymology of air

Posted by Johannes on 24 October 2010

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Origin of air.
The word air derives from the French air from the Latin aerem (nom. aer), which is merely a transliteration of the Gree aer (gen. aeros) “air” [αήρ].
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From the same root:
air- (airbase, airborne, airconditioning, aircraft, air force, airline, airport etc);
aero- (aerobic, aerodrome, aerodynamics, aerology, aeroplane, aerosol, aerospace etc);
aerate, aeration, aerial, aerification, aerify, airing etc.
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In modern Greek:
a) aeras: air [αέρας]
b) aerodromio:
aerodrome, airport [αεροδρόμιο]
c) aeroplano: aeroplane [αεροπλάνο]
d) aerismos:
airing [αερισμός]
d) aeroscafos:
aircraft [αεροσκάφος]

OED

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Etymology of cheer.

Posted by Johannes on 10 January 2010

Origin of cheer.
The word cheer (gladness, gaiety, something that gives joy, lightness of spirits or mood) comes from the Anglo-Norman chere (face) from the old French chiere from the Latin cara (face), which is merely a transliteration of the Greek cara (head; κάρα).

From the same root.
cheerful, cheerily, cheeriness, cheeriness, cheerio, cheerleader, cheerless, cheers, cheery

In modern Greek:
a) cara: head, a saint’s head, skull [κάρα]
b) carivaria:
headache [καρηβαρία]

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Η λέξη cheer (ευθυμία, κέφι, φαιδρότητα, επευφημία) προέρχεται από το Αγγλο-Νορμανδικό chere (πρόσωπο) από το παλαιό Γαλλικό chiere από το Λατινικό cara (πρόσωπο), το οποίο αποτελεί μεταγραφή του ελληνικού κάρα (κεφαλή).

OED

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Etymology of Barbara

Posted by Johannes on 10 January 2010

Origin of Barbara.
The Christian proper name Barbara is given in honour of the Great Martyr Saint Barbara (3rd century – December 4, 306). Saint Barbara was a young woman killed by her own father Dioscorus, who was then killed by a bolt of lightning. The name comes from the Latin barbarus, which is merely a transliteration of the Greek barbaros (βάρβαρος) meaning foreign, one who could not speak Greek, a non-Greek, an uncivilized.
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Other forms of the proper name.
Barb, Barbie, Barbra, Babs, Bobbie, Barbora, Bairbre, Bara, Barbro, Basia, Borbala, Varvara, Varya.

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From the same root.

English: barbarian, barbarity, barbarism, barbarize, barbaric
French: barbare, barbarie, barbarisme, barbariser, barbaresques
Italian:barbaro, barbarie, barbarismo, barbarizzare
Spanish: barbaro, barbaridad, barbarismo, barbarico
German: Barbar, Barbarei, barbarisch, Barbarismus. 

 

In modern Greek:
a) Barbara (or better Varvara): Barbara [Βαρβάρα]
b)barbaros (or better varvaros): barbarian [βάρβαρος]
c) barbarismos (varvarismos): barbarism [βαρβαρισμός]
d) barbarotita (varvarotita): barbarity [βαρβαρότητα]
e) barbaricos (varvaricos): barbaric [βαρβαρικός]

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OED

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Το κύριο όνομα Barbara, προέρχεται από το Ελληνικό βάρβαρος
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Saint Barbara
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Etymology of glamour

Posted by Johannes on 27 December 2009

Origin of glamour
The word glamour (magic charm, alluring beauty or charm, a spell affecting the eye, a kind of haze in the air) comes from the Scottish term gramarye (magic, enchantment, spell), an alteration of the English word grammar (any sort of scholarship) from the latin grammatica, which is a transliteration of the Greek word grammatice (grammar; γραμματική).

 

From the same root.
glamorize, glamorous, grammar, grammatical, grammatic



In modern Greek:
a) gramma:
letter [γράμμα]
b) grammateas: secretary [γραμματέας]
c) grammatia:
secretariat [γραμματεία]
d) grammatici: grammar [γραμματική]
e) grammaticos:
grammatical [γραμματικός]
f) grammatio: note, bill, bond [γραμμάτιο]
g) grammatocivotio: letter-box [γραμματοκιβώτιο]
h) grammatosimo: stamp [γραμματόσημο]

 

OED

Note: Others etymologize the Scottish gramarye from the Greek grammarion (gram; weight unit; γραμμάριο).

Η λέξη glamour (γοητεία, θέλγητρο, σαγήνη, γόητρο, λάμψη) προέρχεται από το λατινικό grammatica, το οποίο αποτελεί μεταγραφή του ελληνικού γραμματική.

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Etymology of Aretha

Posted by Johannes on 27 December 2009

Origin of Aretha
The female proper name Aretha derives from the Greek name Arete (Αρετή) meaning “virtue, excellence”.

In modern Greek:
a) arete and Arete (as a female proper name): virtue [Αρετή]

Το όνομα Aretha προέρχεται από το Ελληνικό όνομα Αρετή.

BTN

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Etymology of Ambrose

Posted by Johannes on 27 December 2009

Origin of Ambrose
The masculine proper noun Ambrose comes from the Late Latin name Ambrosius (e.g. Saint Ambrosius – 4th century), which is a transliteration of the Greek name Ambrosios (Αμβρόσιος) meaning “immortal” (A+brotos).

From the same root:
Ambrosine, ambrosia, ambrosian

In modern Greek:
a) ambrosia or better amvrosia: ambrosia [αμβροσία]
b) Ambrosios (Amvrosios): Ambrose [Αμβρόσιος]

 

OED
Το όνομα Ambrose προέρχεται από το Ελληνικό Αμβρόσιος (αθάνατος, α + βροτός).

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