English Words of (Unexpected) Greek Origin.

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Posts Tagged ‘ετυμολογία αγγλικών λέξεων’

Etymology of December

Posted by Johannes on 30 August 2011

The word December comes from the Latin December (tenth month of the old Roman calendar, which began with March), from decem (ten), from the Greek deca [ten; Gr: δέκα]. See also “etymology of dean” here .
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In modern Greek (Romeika):
a) Decembrios (better pronounced as Dekemvrios): December [Gr: Δεκέμβριος]

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Etymology of cinema

Posted by Johannes on 3 April 2011

Origin of the word cinema .

The word cinema comes from the French cinéma, shortened from cinématographe, coined 1890s by Lumiere brothers, who invented it, from the Greek cinema (movement; better pronounced as kinima; Gr: κίνημα), from the verb cino (to move; better pronounced as kino; Gr: κινώ).
See also the post entitled “Etymology of cite” here.
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From the same root

 

English: cinematography, cinerama, cinemascope, kinetics, kinematics, kineto

 

French: cinema, cinematographe,

 

Italian: cinematografo,

 

Spanish: cine, cinematica,
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German: Kino, Kinematograph
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 In modern Greek (Romeika) 

 

a) cinema: cinema [Gr: σινεμά

 

b) kinima: movement [Gr: κίνημα]

 

c) cinimatographos (better pronounced as kinimatographos): cinema [Gr: κινηματογράφος]

 

d) kino: to move [Gr:κινώ]

 

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Post 177.

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See also: http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?search=cinema&searchmode=none

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Etymology of cite

Posted by Johannes on 3 April 2011

Origin of the word cite

The verb cite (to summon) comes from the Latin citare, from ciere, from cieo (to move, set in motion, stir, move), which is a transliteration of the Greek verb cieo/cineo (I move, stir, rouse, summon; Gr: κιέω/κιώ/κινέω).

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From the same root: 

 English: cinema, excite, incite, citation, recite, recital .

French: citer, citateur, inciter, reciter .

Italian: citare, citatire, incitare, recitare .

Spanish: citar, cita, excitar .

German: zitieren, Zitat .

In modern Greek (Romeika): .

a) cino (better pronounced as kino): move [Gr: κινώ] .

b) cinisi (better pronounced as kinisi; remember the related word kinetics): movement [Gr: κίνηση] .

c) tsitato: citation, a part of a text with an important message [Gr: τσιτάτο; loanword] .

d) cinema: cinema [Gr: σινεμά; loanword] .

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Post 176.

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Note (transl. of French): citer (αναφέρω), citateur (απάνθισμα ρητών), inciter (προτρέπω), reciter (απαγγέλω)._

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Etymology of cinnamon

Posted by Johannes on 27 February 2011

Origin of the word cinnamon

The word cinnamon comes from the old French cinnamone from the Latin cinnamomum/cinnamum (cinnamon) [also used as a term of endearment], which is a transliteration of the Greek cinnamomon (cinnamon; Gr.: κιννάμωμον).
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Etymology of cup

Posted by Johannes on 24 May 2010

Origin of cup
Cup comes from the Latin cupa/cuppa (hollow, cup), which derives from the Greek cype (hollow, cup; κύπη).
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From the same root:
English: cupel
French: coupe, cuve, cuvette
Italian: coppa, coppella
Spanish: copa, cuba, copela
German: Kupe
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In modern Greek (Romeika, the language of Romei/Romans/Ρωμηοί).
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Η λέξη cup (κύπελλο) προέρχεται από το Λατινικό cupa/cuppa (κοιλότητα, κύπελλο), το οποίο προέρχεται από το Ελληνικό κύπη (κοιλότητα, γούβα, κύπελλο).

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Etymology of pants, pantaloons

Posted by Johannes on 24 May 2010

Origin of pants, pantaloons
Pants is a shortened form of pantaloons. Pantaloons (kind of tights, trousers) derives from the French pantalon from the name of Pantaleone a hero of comedia dell’arte (16th century), who used to wear such trousers. The name Pantaleon is Greek and means “always a lion, in all things like a lion” [Panta- (always, all things) + –leon (lion)].
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Saint Pantaleon (the name later changed to Panteleimon – always mercyful, all-mercuful-) was martyred under the reign of Emperor Maximian (ca. 305 A.D.). He was a physician, and he dedicated his life to the suffering, the sick, the unfortunate and the needy. He treated all those who turned to him without charge, healing them in the name of Jesus Christ. More: here.
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Saint Panteleimon

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From the same root:

French: pantalon

Italian: pantalone

Spanish: pantalon

Turkish: pantolon

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In modern Greek (Romeika, the language of Romei/Romans/Ρωμηοί)
 (https://ewonago.wordpress.com/2010/03/22/the-term-romei-romans-%cf%81%cf%89%ce%bc%ce%b7%ce%bf%ce%af-short-historical-synopsis/.

a) pantaloni: pantaloon (loan word from It. pantalone) [πανταλόνι]

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b) panta: all, always [πάντα]. See the same pan- (all) in many words such as: pandemic, pandemonium, panacea, panegyric, panoply, panorama, pantheon, pantomime etc.

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c) eleimon: mercyful [ελεήμων]

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d) eleos: mercy [έλεος]

 

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Η λέξη pant αποτελεί συντόμευση του pantaloon (πανταλόνι). Προέρχεται από το Γαλλικό pantalon από το όνομα Πανταλέων (Pantaleone) ενός χαρακτήρα της comedia dell’arte (16ος αιώνας), ο οποίος στα έργα φορούσε τέτοια πανταλόνια.

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Etymology of lion

Posted by Johannes on 24 May 2010

Origin of lion
The word lion comes from the old French lion from the Latin leo (lion), which is a trasliteration of the Greek leon (gen. leontos; lion; λέων).
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From the same root:
English: lioncel, lioness, lion-hearted
French: lion
Italian: leone, leonessa
Spanish: leon
German: Löwe
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In Romeika (modern Greek, the language of Romei/Romans/Ρωμηοί)
a) liontari: lion [λιοντάρι]
b) leena: lioness [λέαινα]
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Η λέξη lion (λιοντάρι) προέρχεται από το Λατινικό leo (λιοντάρι), το οποίο αποτελεί μεταγραφή του Ελληνικού λέων.
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Etymology of mill

Posted by Johannes on 28 March 2010

Origin of mill
The word mill comes from the Latin mola (mill, millstone), which is a transliteration of the Greek myle (mill, millstone; μύλη).
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From the same root
English:
millstone, miller
French: meule, molette, meunier
Italian: mola, mugnaio
Spanish: muela, moleta, molinero
German: Muhlstein, Muller
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In Romeika (modern Greek, the language of Romei/Romans/Ρωμηοί)
a) milos:
mill [μύλος]
b) milopetra:
millstone [milo (mill)+ petra (stone); μυλόπετρα]
c) milonas: miller [μυλωνάς]
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Η λέξη mill (μύλος) προέρχεται από το Λατινικό mola (μύλος), το οποίο αποτελεί μεταγραφή του Ελληνικού μύλη.
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meule (μύλος), molette (τροχίσκος), meunier (μυλωνάς)
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Etymology of oval, ovary

Posted by Johannes on 1 March 2010

Origin of oval, ovary

The word oval comes from the Latin ovalis (egg-shaped, literally of or pertaining to an egg) from ovum (egg), which derives from the Greek Aeolic form oFon (egg; ωFόν) of oon (egg; ωόν ).
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In modern Greek (Romeika, the language of Romei/Romans/Ρωμηοί)

a) ootheque: ovary (oo-theque: lit. collection/library of eggs) [ωοθήκη]

b) oario: ovum [ωάριο]

c) ooides: ovoid, egg-shaped, oval [ωοειδές]
{Gr. ooides –> L. ovoides –> En. ovoid}

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From the same root:
ova, ovarian, ovate, ovoid, ovule, ovum
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Η λέξη oval προέρχεται από το λατινικό ovalis (ωοειδής), από το ovum (αβγό), το οποίο προέρχεται από την Αιολική μορφή ωFόν του Ωόν (αβγό).

 

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Etymology of trophy, trope

Posted by Johannes on 1 March 2010

Origin of trophy, trope
The word trophy (a prize of war) comes from the Latin trophæum (a sign of victory), originally tropæum, which is a transliteration of the Greek tropaion (monument of an enemy’s defeat) from neut. of adj. tropaios (of defeat) from trope (a rout) originally “a turning” (of the enemy).

 
In modern Greek (Romeika, the language of Romei/Romans/Ρωμηοί)

 a) tropeo: trophy [τρόπαιο]

b) trope: change, turn [τροπή]
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From the same root:
English: trope
French: trophee, trope, tropologie
Italian: trofeo, tropo, tropologia
Spanish: trofeo, tropo, tropologia
German: Trophae, Trope
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Η λέξη trophy (τρόπαιο) προέρχεται από το Λατινικό trophæum (αρχικά tropæum), το οποίο αποτελεί μεταγραφεί του Ελληνικού τρόπαιον.
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link: http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?search=trophy&searchmode=none
In blogger: http://ewonago.blogspot.com/

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