Learn easily Greek via the linguistic relationships and the roots of the English words.

Posts Tagged ‘αγγλικές λέξεις από τα ελληνικά’

Etymology of cook, cuisine, kitchen

Posted by Johannes on 7 January 2013

The word cook (n) comes from the Latin cocus (cook) from the verb coquo [to cook, to think, to be unquiet, to worry (about), to mix], which possibly is related to the Greek verb cycao/cucao [stir up, mix together; Gr: κυκάω].

Others etymologize coquo from the IE root *pekw, which is related to the Greek verb pesso [to cook, to boil, to make something soft (Gr.: πέσσω); Att.: petto (πέττω); later pepto (πέπτω), peptic].

Finally, a few etymologize coquo from the Greek verb ceo (to burn; Gr: καίω – κηίω, κηFίο).

From the same root: 
En: cooker, cookery, cuisine, biscuit, kitchen
Ger: kochen, kuche
It: cuocere, cucina, biscotto
Fr: cuire, cuisine, biscuit

In modern Greek:
a) cyceon: mix of dissimilar things, confusion, disorder [κυκεών]
b) cusina: cuisine, kitchen [κουζίνα; reborrowing]
c) biscoto: biscuit [μπισκότο; reborrowing]


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Etymology of griffon, griffin

Posted by Johannes on 16 April 2012

Griffon is a type of dog. The word griffon (also griffin or gryphon) comes from the old French grifon from the Latin gryphus / grypus, a transliteration of the Greek gryphon / gryps [Gr: γρύφων; lit. curved, hook-nosed], a legendary mythological creature with the body of a lion and the head and wings of an eagle.

In modern Greek:
a) grypas: griffin, legendary creature [Gr: γρύπας]
b) grifon: griffon [Gr: γριφόν; loanword]



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Etymology of kiss

Posted by Johannes on 26 March 2012

The verb kiss comes from the old English cyssan, from the German kussen, which is related to the Greek kysso (Gr: κύσσω/κύσω; fut. of the verb kyneo, Gr: κυνέω: to kiss).


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Etymology of dime

Posted by Johannes on 30 August 2011

The word dime (coin worth one tenth of a US dollar, a 10 cent coin) comes from the old French disme (a tenth part), from the Latin decima [tenth (part)], from decem (ten), related to the Greek deca (ten). See also “etymology of dean” here .
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Etymology of Agnes

Posted by Johannes on 23 July 2009

Origin of Agnes.
Agnes is the latinized form of the Greek name Agne (Αγνή), which derives from the Greek adj agnos (chaste, pure, clean; αγνός).


In modern Greek (Romeika)

a) agnos: masc. adj. chaste, pure, clean [αγνός]

b) agne: fem. adj. chaste, pure, clean [αγνή]

c) agnia: chastity, purity [αγνεία]

Το όνομα Agnes προέρχεται από το εληνικό όνομα Αγνή.

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