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Archive for the ‘S’ Category

Etymology of similar

Posted by Johannes on 11 August 2013

The word similar comes from French similaire, from the Latin similis (like), from Old Latin semol (together), which is related to the Greek omalo(semalos*) [even, same; ομαλός]

From the same root: similarity, same

In modern Greek:
a) omalos: even, plain [Gr: ομαλός]
b) omios: same [Gr: όμοιος ]

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* Kouvelas : Etymological and explanatory dictionary of the Latin language.

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Etymology of solid, soldier

Posted by Johannes on 24 June 2012

The word solid comes from the French solide (firm, dense, compact) from the Latin solidus/solus (firm, whole, entire), which is related to the Greek holos [whole; Gr: όλος].
From the same root: solidus, soldier, solicit, solidarity, solidity, solicitor, holo- [holocaust, hologram, holograph etc], holism, holistic.
In modern Greek:
a) olos: whole, entire [Gr: όλος]
b) holisticos: holistic [Gr: ολιστικός]
c) oli: all, everybody [Gr: όλοι]
d) solido: solidus (coin) [Gr: σόλιδο]
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Etymology of sophistication, sophisticated

Posted by Johannes on 24 June 2012

The word sophistication (use or employment of sophistry) comes from the Latin sophisticare (adulterate, cheat quibble) from the Latin sophisticus (of sophists), a transliteration of the Greek sophistikos (of or pertaining to a sophist), from the Greek sophistis (a wise man, master, teacher).

From the same root: sophist, sophisticate, sophisticated, sophism, sophistic, sophistry, sophomore

In modern Greek (Romeika, Rumca):

a) sophistis: sophist [Gr: σοφιστής]
b) sophisma: sophism, fallacy [Gr: σόφισμα]
c) sophistia: sophistry [Gr: σοφιστεία ]


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Etymology of serpent

Posted by Johannes on 2 June 2012

The word serpent (reptile, snake) comes from the Old French  sarpent, from the Latin serpentem [nom. serpens; snake], from the v. serpo which is related to the Greek verb herpo / erpo (to creep; Gr: έρπω].

From the same root: serpentine
In modern Greek:
a) erpeto: serpent [Gr: ερπετό]
b) serpantina: serpentine [Gr: σερπαντίνα; loanword]
c) erpo: v. to creep [Gr: έρπω].


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Etymology of super and over

Posted by Johannes on 10 December 2011

Both super and over come from the Latin super, which is related to the Greek yper/hyper [over, super; Gr: υπέρ].

In modern Greek:
a) yper: super, over, hyper- [Gr: υπέρ]



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Etymology of sketch

Posted by Johannes on 2 October 2011

The word sketch (rough drawing intended to serve as the bases for a finished picture), comes from the Italian schizzo (sketch, drawing), from the Latin schedium (an extemporaneous poem), from the Greek schedios (temporary, extemporaneous) [Gr: σχέδιος].
In modern Greek:
a) schedio: drawing, sketch, design [Gr: σχέδιο]
b) schediastis:
draughtsman, designer, sketcher [Gr: σχεδιαστής]
c) schediasi:
drawing, sketching, planning designing [Gr: σχεδίαση]
d) schediazo:
v sketch, draw, plan, lay out, design [Gr: σχεδιάζω]


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Η λέξη sketch (σκετς) προέρχεται από το Ιταλικό schizzo από το Λατινικό schedium (σχέδιο, αυτοσχέδιο ποίημα) από το ελληνικό σχέδιος.

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Etymology of saliva

Posted by Johannes on 20 March 2011

Origin of the word saliva.

The word salivacomes from the Latin saliva (spittle), of unknown origin. Perhaps it is related to the  Greek sialon (saliva, spittle; Gr: σίαλον).
From the same root:
English: salivation, salivary, salivate
French: salive, salivation, salivaire


In modern Greek:
a) salio or sialos or sielos:saliva [Gr: σάλιο or σίαλος or σίελος]
b) sielogonos: salivary [Gr: σιελογόνος]
c) sielorrhea: salivation [Gr: σιελόρροια]
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Etymology of salary

Posted by Johannes on 17 March 2011

Origin of the word salary

Salary derives from the French salarie from the Latin salarium (salary, stipend, originally soldier’s allowance for the purchase of salt) from sal (salt), which is related to the Greek als (salt; Gr: άλς).
From the same root: salt, salad, salami
In modern Greek:
a) alas or alati: salt [Gr: άλας or αλάτι]
b) salata: salad [Gr: σαλάτα]
c) salami: salami [Gr: σαλάμι]
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Etymology of election and elect, select, collect, neglect

Posted by Johannes on 29 September 2009

Origin of election and elect, select, collect, neglect
The word election (e-lec-tion) is directly derived from the Latin verb eligere (to choose, select, etc) from the root word leg- (to gather, to collect, to choose, to pick out etc), which is related to the Greek verb lego (to collect, to choose, to say etc) and the prefix ex-, which is related to the Greek prefix ek- (out of, from).


From the same root.

neglect, collect, sellect, lecture, lecturer, lector, elective, elector, electorate, elective, eligible. elite, elegance

French: elire, electeur, electoral, election, electif, eligible, elite, elegance

Italian: eleggere, elettore, elettorable, elettorato, elettivo, eletta, eleganza

Spanish: elegir, elector, electorado, eleccion, elegible, elegancia

German: Elite, elegant, Eleganz

In modern Greek:
a) eklego:
elect [εκλέγω]
b) syllego:
collect [συλλέγω]
c) epilego: select [επιλέγω]
d) ekloges:
elections [εκλογές]
e) elit:
elite [ελίτ]
f) eklectos:
the elect, the elite [εκλεκτος]
g) ekleximos: eligible [εκλέξιμος]
h) eklektoras: elector [εκλέκτορας]
i) lectoras: lecturer [λέκτορας]
and many others

Η λέξη election (εκλογή) προέρχεται από το λατινικό eligere (επιλέγω, συλλέγω), το οποίο σχετίζεται με το ελληνικό εκλέγω.


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Posted by Johannes on 2 September 2008

Etymology of scope.
Scope (aim, purpose, an end, extent or range of view) derives from the Latin scopus, which is a transliteration of the Greek σκοπός (scopos; scope) from the verb σκοπέω (scopeo; aim, intend, watch).
In modern Greek.
a) σκοπός: aim, goal, end, sentry [scopos]
β) σκοπεύω: aim, intend [scopevo]
γ) σκοπιά: look-out post [scopia]
δ) σκόπιμα: adj intentional [scopima]
Η λέξη scope (σκοπός, εύρος) προέρχεται από το Λατινικό scopus, το οποίο αποτελεί μεταγραφή του Ελληνικού σκοπός από το ρήμα σκοπέω (-ώ).
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