Learn easily Greek via the linguistic relationships and the roots of the English words.

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Etymology of gondola

Posted by Johannes on 11 August 2013

The word gondola comes from the Old Italian gondula, from the late Latincondua (gondola) from the late Greek condura (small boat) from the Greek adjective conduros [condos + ura; with short tail].* Others etymologize gondola from the Greek condy [Gr: κονδύ], a kind of glass.*

In modern Greek:
a) gondola: gondola [Gr: γόνδολα]

* Babiniotis Etymological Dictionary of Modern Greek

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Etymology of gamut

Posted by Johannes on 11 August 2013

The word gamut originally “lowest note in the medieval musical scale,” in the system of notation devised by Guido d’Arezzo, contraction of Medieval Latin gamma ut, from gamma, the Greek letter, indicating a note below A, + ut (later do), the low note on the six-note musical scale that took names from corresponding syllables in a Latin hymn for St. John the Baptist’s Day:
Ut queant laxis resonare fibris
Mira gestorum famuli tuorum
Solve polluti labii reatum,
etc. Gamut came to be used for “the whole musical scale;” the figurative sense of “entire scale or range” of anything is first recorded 1620s.

In modern Greek:
a) gamma: the Greek letter gamma [Gr: γάμμα; γ ]
b) gama: gamut, spectrum, range [Gr: γκάμα]



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Etymology of gum

Posted by Johannes on 11 August 2013

The word gum (resin), comes from the Old French gome “(medicinal) gum, resin,” from the Latin cummi, a transliteration of the Greek commi [gum; Gr:κόμμι]. As a shortened form of chewing gum, first attested 1842 in American English.

In modern Greek:
a) gomma: gum, ruber, eraser [Gr: γόμμα]



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Etymology of galley

Posted by Johannes on 11 August 2013

The word galley comes from the Old French galie, from Medieval Latingalea, from the Late Greek galea, from gale(a kind of fish; Gr: γαλέη).

In modern Greek:
a) galera: galley [Gr: γαλέρα]
b) galeos: tope [a kind of fish; Gr: γαλέος]



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Etymology of griffon, griffin

Posted by Johannes on 16 April 2012

Griffon is a type of dog. The word griffon (also griffin or gryphon) comes from the old French grifon from the Latin gryphus / grypus, a transliteration of the Greek gryphon / gryps [Gr: γρύφων; lit. curved, hook-nosed], a legendary mythological creature with the body of a lion and the head and wings of an eagle.

In modern Greek:
a) grypas: griffin, legendary creature [Gr: γρύπας]
b) grifon: griffon [Gr: γριφόν; loanword]



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Etymology of grotesque

Posted by Johannes on 16 April 2012

The adj. grotesque comes from the French crotesque from the Italian grottesco, (lit. “of a cave,”), from grotta, from the Latin crypta (vault, cavern), which is a transliteration of the Greek crypte [crypt, hidden place; Gr: κρύπτη]. Initially the phrase “figura grottesca” (or “pitture grottesche”) was referring to the paintings of the caves.
In modern Greek:
a) grotesco: grotesque [Gr.: γκροτέσκο; loanword]
b) crypte: crypt [Gr.: κρύπτη]
c) crypto (or cryvo): to hide, conceal, secrete [Gr.: κρύβω]



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Etymology of graffiti

Posted by Johannes on 16 April 2012

The wοrd graffiti comes from the Italian graffiti, plural of graffito (a scribbling), from graffiare (to scribble) from the Greek grafein (to write, to draw, to scratch; Gr: γράφειν].
From the same root: -graphy (eg. geography), graphologist, graphic, praphics, graphite .
In modern Greek:
a) grafo: (to write, to draw, to scratch, to type; Gr: γράφω].
b) grapsimo: handwriting [Gr: γράψιμο]
c) graphologos: graphologist [Gr: γραφολόγος]
d) engrafo: document, deed [Gr: έγγραφο]
e) graphica: graphics [Gr: γραφικά]
f) graphites: graphite [Gr: γραφίτης]



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Etymology of gas

Posted by Johannes on 16 April 2012

The word gas is simply a phonetic transcription of the Greek word chaos [Gr: χάος]. It was first used in the early 17th century by the chemist J.B. Van Helmont.
In modern Greek (Romeika, Rumca):
a) haos: chaos [Gr: χάος].


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Etymology of glamour

Posted by Johannes on 27 December 2009

Origin of glamour
The word glamour (magic charm, alluring beauty or charm, a spell affecting the eye, a kind of haze in the air) comes from the Scottish term gramarye (magic, enchantment, spell), an alteration of the English word grammar (any sort of scholarship) from the latin grammatica, which is a transliteration of the Greek word grammatice (grammar; γραμματική).


From the same root.
glamorize, glamorous, grammar, grammatical, grammatic

In modern Greek:
a) gramma:
letter [γράμμα]
b) grammateas: secretary [γραμματέας]
c) grammatia:
secretariat [γραμματεία]
d) grammatici: grammar [γραμματική]
e) grammaticos:
grammatical [γραμματικός]
f) grammatio: note, bill, bond [γραμμάτιο]
g) grammatocivotio: letter-box [γραμματοκιβώτιο]
h) grammatosimo: stamp [γραμματόσημο]



Note: Others etymologize the Scottish gramarye from the Greek grammarion (gram; weight unit; γραμμάριο).

Η λέξη glamour (γοητεία, θέλγητρο, σαγήνη, γόητρο, λάμψη) προέρχεται από το λατινικό grammatica, το οποίο αποτελεί μεταγραφή του ελληνικού γραμματική.

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Etymology of gusto

Posted by Johannes on 29 September 2009

Origin of gusto.
The word gusto (enthousiastic enjoyment, pleasure, high spirits, cheerfulness) comes from the latin gustus (taste) from the verb gusto (to taste), which is related to the Greek verb geuso (to taste; γεύσω).

From the same root:
English: gustation, gustative, choose
French: gout (old French: goust), gouter, degouter, degustateur, ragout, choisir, choix
gusto, gustare, digustarsi, gustatore
Spanish: gusto, gustar, disgustarse, degustador, regosto, escoger
Kost, kosten, kiesen (via the old Germ. Kausjan)
Dutch: kust


In modern Greek:
a) geusi / or better gefsi: taste [γεύση]
b) geuso / gefso: to taste [γεύσω]
c) geusticos / gefsticos: tasty [γευστικός]
d) geuma / gevma: meal, dinner, lunch [γεύμα]
e) geumatizo / gevmatizo: lunch, dine, have lunch [γευματίζω]
f) gusto: gusto (loan from Italian) [γούστο]
e) gustaro: like, care for (loan from Italian) [γουστάρω]



Η λέξη gusto (απόλαυση, τέρψη, ευχαρίστηση, κέφι) προέρχεται από το λατινικό gustus (γεύση) από το ρήμα gusto (γεύσω), που με τη σειρά του προέρχεται από το ελληνικό ρήμα γεύσω/ γεύσομαι.

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