ENGLISH WORDS AND GREEK COGNATES.

Learn easily Greek via the linguistic relationships and the roots of the English words.

Etymology of calm

Posted by Johannes on 2 October 2011

The word calm (tranquility, quiet, peace) comes from the old French calme, from the Italian calma, from the Latin cauma (heat of the mid-day sun), which is a transliteration of the Greek kauma [Gr: καύμα] from the verb kaio (pronounced as keo), to burn [Gr: καίω]. Spelling influenced by L. calere “to be hot”.
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In modern Greek:
a) kauma (pronounced as kavma): heat of the mid-day sun [Gr: καύμα]
b) keo: to burn [Gr: καίω]
c) encaustiki: encaustic [Gr: εγκαυστική]
d) encauma: n burn, scald [Gr: έγκαυμα]

OED.
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