Etymology of myriad
Posted by Johannes on 11 September 2011
The word myriad comes from the old French myriade, from the Latin myrias (gen. myriadis) “ten thousand,” which id a transliteration of the Greek myrias (gen. myriados) [ten thousand; Gr: μυριάς]. The word myrias derives from myra (sea; Lat: mare).
In modern Greek (Romeika):
a) myriada: myriad [Gr: μυριάδα]
b) myro: scent, perfume, aromatic oil, myrrh [Gr: μύρο]
Fr: myriade; It: miriade; Sp: miriada; Grm: Myriade
From myrias also deriaves the Latin word mile/mille (thousand).
From the root-word myra (sea) derive many modern Greek words like: plemyra [over-flow, flood; Gr: πλημμύρα; (pleion+myra], almyra [saltiness, lt. salt of the sea (als+myra); Gr: αλμύρα] and one source even etymologizes the name Myriam from myra (Lady of the sea).
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