Etymology of Catherine / Katherine.
Posted by Johannes on 14 March 2010
Origin of Catherine / Katherine.
Katherine is a feminine name, which comes from the Greek name Aikaterine (Αικατερίνη), of debated origin and meaning.
a) from the Greek Katharsis (see Aristotle’s Poetics), meaning to purge or to cleanse -pure/purity of emotion
b) from the Greek word hekáteros (ἑκάτερος), meaning each of the two, singly
c) from the Greek goddess Hecate.
d) from the Greek word aikía (αἰκία ) injurious treatment
The Latin-speaking Romans, through folk etymology, associated the name with the Greek katharós (καθαρός) pure, which led to the variant spelling Katharine/Katharina.
Other forms of the name:
Romeika (Modern Greek): Aikaterine (Αἰκατερίνη ) Katerina, Katina, Katia
English: Caitlin, Caitlyn, Caren, Carin, Cate, Cathanne, Catharine, Catherin, Catherine, Cathie, Cathleen, Cathryn, Cathy, Kaety, Kait, Kaitlin, Kaitlyn, Kaity, Karena, Karen, Karyn, Kate, Katelin, Katharine, Katherina, Katheryn ,Kathy, Kathi, Kathie, Kathleen, Kathlyn, Kathryn, Kathy, Katie, Katlyn, Katrina, Katy
French: Carine, Catant, Cathanne, Cathareau, Catherine, Katrin
German: Cathrin, Catrin, Karin, Karen, Katarina, Katarine, Katharina, Katharine, Katherina, Kathrin, Katinka, Katrin, Katrina
Italian: Catarina, Caterina
Spanish: Catalina, Catarina, Catherina
Russian: Jekaterina, Katerina, Katia, Katinka, Katushka, Katya, Yekaterina
Turkish: Akaterina, Katarina
Welsh: Cadi, Catrin
Irish: Cáit, Caitlín, Caitria, Caitrín, Caitríona, Catherine, Cathleen, Catraoine
Danish: Caja, Catja
Swedish: Cajsa, Catharina, Cathrine ,Catrine, Kai, Kajsa, Karin, Katrina
Portoguese: Carina, Catarina, Caterina, Cátia
Roumanian: Cătălina, Catina, Catinca, Ecaterina
Dutch: Catharina, Cato, Kaatje
Bulgarian: Ekaterina, Katerina
Armenian:Gadara, Gadarine, Kadara, Kadarine
(Monastery of St Catherine at Mount Sinai: http://www.sinaimonastery.com/)
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