English Words of (Unexpected) Greek Origin.

Learn easily Greek using the roots of the English words.

Etymology of Rome

Posted by Johannes on 12 April 2009

Etymology of “Rome”

The name “Rome” in Greek means “power,” “force,” “fighting army” and “speed tactics” [Ρώμη]. [8]

The name “Rome” derives from two the Greek verbs: 1) roomai which means “to move with speed or violence, to dart, rush, rush on, esp. of warriors”. [9]

The name “Rome” also derives from of the Greek passive verb: 2) ronnymi which means “to strengthen, make strong and mighty” and “to put forth strength, have strength or might. [10]

The closest Latin equivalent verb is ruo, which is connected to the Greek verb reo meaning “to flow, run, to hasten.”

Of all the uses of Latin verbs both active and passive there is none that even comes close to meaning “rome.”

[8] H. G. Liddell and R. Scot, “Greek-English Lexicon,” at name “rome.”
[9] Ibid, at verb “roomai.”
[10] Ibid, at verb “ronnyni.”

The above text is by the late Prof. f. J. Romanides (USA) at: [http://www.romanity.org/htm/rom.16.en.romanity_romania_roumeli.01.htm#s1]


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