English Words of (Unexpected) Greek Origin.

Learn easily Greek using the roots of the English words.

Etymology of incline, recline and decline

Posted by Johannes on 1 February 2009

Etymology of incline, recline and decline
All three verbs have the same root -cline combined with the prefixes in-, re- and de-, respectively. The root derives from the Latin verb clino, which is a transliteration of the Greek verb clino (to slope, incline, bend; κλίνω).

 

See also “Etymology of climate” (Post 70)

From the same root:
inclination, declension, declination, declinable, declivitous, declivity, climax, clinic, lean

In modern Greek
1. clino : incline, slope, decline (grammar) [κλίνω]

2. clisi: inclination bent, slope gradient, declension [κλίση ]

3. climax or climaka: scale, ladder [ κλίμαξ or κλίμακα]

4. apoclisi: declination, devergency, deviation [απόκλιση ]

5. cliticos: adj inflected [κλιτικός ]

6. clini: bed [κλίνη]

7. clinici: clinic [κλινική]

8. clima: climate [κλίμα ]

 

Τα ρήματα incline (κλίνω, σκύβω, τείνω, ρέπω), recline (ανακλίνομαι, πλαγιάζω) και decline (κλίνω, γέρνω, κατηφορίζω, φθίνω, παρακμάζω, δύω) έχουν στη ρίζα τους το Λατινικό ρήμα clino, το οποίο είναι μεταγραφή του Ελληνικού κλίνω

 

Post 73

In blogger: http://ewonago.blogspot.com/

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

 
%d bloggers like this: