English Words of (Unexpected) Greek Origin.

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Archive for the ‘O’ Category

Etymology of super and over

Posted by Johannes on 10 December 2011

Both super and over come from the Latin super, which merely is a transliteration of the Greek yper/hyper [over, super; Gr: υπέρ].

In modern Greek (Romeika, Rumca):
a) yper: super, over, hyper- [Gr: υπέρ]
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Etymology of one

Posted by Johannes on 10 December 2011

The word one comes from the Latin unus, which in turn derives from the Greek oenos [one, ace in dice; Gr: οινός].
Note: Some etymologize unus from the gen. enos of eis [one; Gr: εις].

From the same root: unity, unique.

In modern Greek (Romeika, Rumca):
a) enas:
one [Gr: ένας]
b) enotita: unity [Gr: ενότητα]
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Etymology of oval, ovary

Posted by Johannes on 1 March 2010

Origin of oval, ovary

The word oval comes from the Latin ovalis (egg-shaped, literally of or pertaining to an egg) from ovum (egg), which derives from the Greek Aeolic form oFon (egg; ωFόν) of oon (egg; ωόν ).
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In modern Greek (Romeika, the language of Romei/Romans/Ρωμηοί)

a) ootheque: ovary (oo-theque: lit. collection/library of eggs) [ωοθήκη]

b) oario: ovum [ωάριο]

c) ooides: ovoid, egg-shaped, oval [ωοειδές]
{Gr. ooides –> L. ovoides –> En. ovoid}

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From the same root:
ova, ovarian, ovate, ovoid, ovule, ovum
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Η λέξη oval προέρχεται από το λατινικό ovalis (ωοειδής), από το ovum (αβγό), το οποίο προέρχεται από την Αιολική μορφή ωFόν του Ωόν (αβγό).

 

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Etymology of ostrich

Posted by Johannes on 7 April 2009

Etymology of ostrich.
Ostrich derives from the old French ostruce from the late Latin struthio (ostrich), which is a transliteration of the Greek struthion (ostrich; στρουθίον) from struthos melage (big sparrow).

From the same root:
French: autruche

In modern Greek.
a) struthocamelos: ostrich [στρουθοκάμηλος]
b) struthio: sparrow [στρουθίο]

Το ostrich προέρχεται από το αρχαίο Γαλλικό ostruce από το Λατινικό struthio, το οποίο αποτελεί μεταγραφή του ελληνικού στρουθίον.

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Etymology of other and either

Posted by Johannes on 8 March 2009

Etymology of other and either

Other and either derive from the Greek eter-os (fem: -a. neut: -on; έτερος) meaning the other and the one of two.
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From the same root:
The prefix heter- and all the words that use it such as heterodox, heterogeneous etc.
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In modern Greek
a) heterodoxos: heterodox [ετερόδοξος]
b) heterogenes: heterogeneous [ετερογενής]
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Οι λέξεις other (ο άλλος)και either (ένας από τους δύο) προέρχονται από το ελληνικός έτερος
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